South America Station

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South America Station
Ensign of the Royal Navy animated.gif
Active(1808–1837), (1919-1921)
CountryUnited Kingdom
BranchNaval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Royal Navy
TypeNaval Station
RoleCommand
Part ofDepartment of Admiralty
Garrison/HQRio de Janiero, Brazil (1808-1826)
Valparaíso, Chile (1828-1837)
Commanders
FirstRear-Admiral of the Blue: William Sidney Smith
LastRear-Admiral: Allen Thomas Hunt

The South America Station was first created in 1808 as one of the geographical divisions into which the Royal Navy divided its worldwide responsibilities and was headquartered at Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.[1]In 1837 it was was divided into two separate naval stations creating the Pacific Station and the South East Coast of America Station for operational purposes. The station reformed again briefly after the First World War from March, 1919 until 1921 before being deactivated.[2]

Its main naval force (1813-1837) was called the Pacific Squadron.[3]

History

The South America Station was first created in 1808 as one of the geographical divisions into which the Royal Navy divided its worldwide responsibilities and was originally headquartered at Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.[4]. In 1826 the stations headquarters were moved to the port Valparaíso in Chile to maintain British naval interest in the region. In 1837 it was was divided into two separate commands creating the Pacific Station and the South East Coast of America Station for operational purposes. The station reformed again briefly after the First World War from March, 1919 until 1921 before being deactivated.[5]

In Command

Commander-in-Chief, South America Station

Commodore of the Pacific Squadron

Components

Formations

Shore Establishments

References

  1. Ortiz-Sotelo, Jorge. (1998). Peru and the British naval station (1808-1839). Thesis. PhD Doctor of Philosophy. University of St Andrews. Scotland. https://research-repository.st-andrews.ac.uk/handle/10023/2958. Introduction. p.viii
  2. Harley, Simon; Lovell, Tony (3 November 2015). "South America Station - The Dreadnought Project". dreadnoughtproject.org. Harley and Lovell. Retrieved 7 December 2019.
  3. Ortiz-Sotelo, Jorge. (1998). Peru and the British naval station (1808-1839). Thesis. PhD Doctor of Philosophy. University of St Andrews. Scotland. https://research-repository.st-andrews.ac.uk/handle/10023/2958. Abstract p.ii.
  4. Ortiz-Sotelo. p.viii.
  5. Harley and Lovell.
  6. Cock, Randolph; Rodger, N.A.M. "A Guide to Naval Records of the National Archives of the UK: Chapter: Dockyards and other Naval Yards" (PDF). Exeter, England.: University of Exeter. p. 217. Retrieved 8 December 2019.