South America Station

From Naval History Archive
Revision as of 10:28, 7 December 2019 by Dean Morris (talk | contribs) (Commodore of the Pacific Squadron)
Jump to navigationJump to search
South America Station
Ensign of the Royal Navy animated.gif
Active(1808–1837), (1919-1921)
CountryUnited Kingdom
BranchNaval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Royal Navy
TypeNaval Station
RoleCommand
Part ofDepartment of Admiralty
Garrison/HQRio de Janiero Brazil
Commanders
FirstRear-Admiral of the Blue: William Sidney Smith
LastRear-Admiral: Allen Thomas Hunt

The South America Station was first created in 1808 as one of the geographical divisions into which the Royal Navy divided its worldwide responsibilities and was headquartered at Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.[1] It was was divided into two Naval Stations creating the Pacific Station and the South East Coast of America Station for operational purposes, it existed until 1837. The station reformed again briefly after the First World War from March, 1919 until 1921 before being deactivated.[2]

Its main naval force was called the Pacific Squadron.[3]

In Command

Commander-in-Chief, South America Station

Included

Commander-in-Chief, South America Station
Rank Flag Name Term
1 Rear-Admiral of the Blue Rear Admiral of the Blue Squadron command flag 1702 to 1864.png William Sidney Smith 25 January 1808 – 17 May 1809.[4]
2 Vice-Admiral of the White Vice Admiral of the White Squadron command flag 1805 to 1864.png Michael de Courcy 18 May 1809 – 1812.[5]
3 Vice-Admiral of the White Vice Admiral of the White Squadron command flag 1805 to 1864.png Manley Dixon 1812 – 1816.[6]
4 Commodore Distinction Flag Commodore distinction Red squadron 1806 to 1826.jpg William Bowles 1816 – 17 May 1819.[7]
5 Commodore Distinction Flag Commodore distinction Red squadron 1806 to 1826.jpg Thomas Hardy 18 May 1819 – 16 November 1823.[8]
6 Rear-Admiral of the White Rear Admiral of the White Squadron command flag 1805 to 1864.png George Eyre 16 November 1823 – 1826.[9]
7 Rear-Admiral of the Red Rear Admiral of the Red Squadron command flag 1702 to 1864.png Robert Waller Otway 1826 – 9 January 1829.[10]
8 Rear-Admiral of the Red Rear Admiral of the Red Squadron command flag 1702 to 1864.png Thomas Baker 9 January 1829 – January 1833.[11]
9 Rear-Admiral of the Red Rear Admiral of the Red Squadron command flag 1702 to 1864.png Sir Michael Seymour January 1833 – 9 July 1834.[12]
10 Vice-Admiral of the Blue Vice Admiral of the Blue Squadron command flag 1702 to 1864.png Graham Eden Hamond 9 July 1834 – 17 May 1838.[13]
11 Rear-Admiral Rear Admiral command Flag RN from 1864.png Allen Thomas Hunt 9 March 1919 – 1921.[14]

Commodore of the Pacific Squadron

Included.[15]

  1. Captain James Hillyar 1813-14
  2. Captain Thomas Staines 1814-15
  3. Captain John Fyffe 1815-16
  4. Captain William Bowles 1817-18
  5. Captain William Henry Shirreff 1818-21
  6. Commodore Thomas Masterman Hardy 1821-22
  7. Captain Frederick Earl Spencer February 1822
  8. Captain Henry Prescott July 1822
  9. Captain Thomas Brown October 1823
  10. Captain Thomas James Maling May 1824
  11. Captain John Gordon Sinclair March 1827
  12. Captain Coghlan (Francis Rogers ?) August 1828
  13. Captain A. B. Bingham November 1829
  14. Captain William Earl Waldegrave July 1830
  15. Captain James Townshend March 1832
  16. Captain Francis Mason August 1834
  17. Captain Thomas Ball Sullivan July 1837

References

  1. Ortiz-Sotelo, Jorge. (1998). Peru and the British naval station (1808-1839). Thesis. PhD Doctor of Philosophy. University of St Andrews. Scotland. https://research-repository.st-andrews.ac.uk/handle/10023/2958. Introduction. p.viii
  2. Harley, Simon; Lovell, Tony (3 November 2015). "South America Station - The Dreadnought Project". dreadnoughtproject.org. Harley and Lovell. Retrieved 7 December 2019.
  3. Ortiz-Sotelo, Jorge. (1998). Peru and the British naval station (1808-1839). Thesis. PhD Doctor of Philosophy. University of St Andrews. Scotland. https://research-repository.st-andrews.ac.uk/handle/10023/2958. Abstract p.ii.
  4. Ortiz-Sotelo, Jorge. (1998). Appendix Two Commanding Officers of British Naval Forces in the Pacific Commanders in Chief of the South America Station 1819-1837. p.295.
  5. Ortiz-Sotelo, Jorge. (1998). Appendix Two Commanding Officers of British Naval Forces in the Pacific Commanders in Chief of the South America Station 1819-1837. p.295.
  6. Ortiz-Sotelo, Jorge. (1998). Appendix Two Commanding Officers of British Naval Forces in the Pacific Commanders in Chief of the South America Station 1819-1837. p.295.
  7. Ortiz-Sotelo, Jorge. (1998). Appendix Two Commanding Officers of British Naval Forces in the Pacific Commanders in Chief of the South America Station 1819-1837. p.295.
  8. Ortiz-Sotelo, Jorge. (1998). Appendix Two Commanding Officers of British Naval Forces in the Pacific Commanders in Chief of the South America Station 1819-1837. p.295.
  9. Ortiz-Sotelo, Jorge. (1998). Appendix Two Commanding Officers of British Naval Forces in the Pacific Commanders in Chief of the South America Station 1819-1837. p.295.
  10. "Court Martial". The United Service Journal and Naval and Military Magazine. London, England: Henry Colburn: 504. 1829. Retrieved 7 December 2019.
  11. Ortiz-Sotelo, Jorge. (1998). Appendix Two Commanding Officers of British Naval Forces in the Pacific Commanders in Chief of the South America Station 1819-1837. p.295.
  12. Ortiz-Sotelo, Jorge. (1998). Appendix Two Commanding Officers of British Naval Forces in the Pacific Commanders in Chief of the South America Station 1819-1837. p.295.
  13. Ortiz-Sotelo, Jorge. (1998). Appendix Two Commanding Officers of British Naval Forces in the Pacific Commanders in Chief of the South America Station 1819-1837. p.295.
  14. Harley and Lovell.
  15. Ortiz-Sotelo, Jorge. (1998). Appendix Two Commanding Officers of British Naval Forces in the Pacific Commodores of the Pacific Squadron. pp.295–296.