Difference between revisions of "South America Station"

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|size=  
 
|size=  
 
|command_structure= [[Department of Admiralty]]
 
|command_structure= [[Department of Admiralty]]
|garrison= Rio de Janiero Brazil  
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|garrison= Rio de Janiero, Brazil (1808-1826)<br>Valparaíso, Chile (1828-1837)
 
|garrison_label=
 
|garrison_label=
 
|nickname=
 
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}}
 
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The '''South America Station''' was first created in 1808 as one of the geographical divisions into which the [[Royal Navy]] divided its worldwide responsibilities and was headquartered at Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.<ref>Ortiz-Sotelo, Jorge. (1998). Peru and the British naval station (1808-1839). Thesis. PhD Doctor of Philosophy. University of St Andrews. Scotland. https://research-repository.st-andrews.ac.uk/handle/10023/2958. Introduction. p.viii </ref>In 1837 it was was divided into two separate [[Naval Station|naval stations]] creating the [[Pacific Station]] and the [[South East Coast of America Station]] for operational purposes. The station reformed again briefly after the First World War from March, 1919 until 1921 before being deactivated.<ref>{{cite web |last1=Harley |first1=Simon |last2=Lovell |first2=Tony |title=South America Station - The Dreadnought Project |url=http://dreadnoughtproject.org/tfs/index.php/South_America_Station |website=dreadnoughtproject.org |publisher=Harley and Lovell |accessdate=7 December 2019 |date=3 November 2015}}</ref>
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The '''South America Station''' was first created in 1808 as one of the geographical divisions into which the [[Royal Navy]] divided its worldwide responsibilities and was initially headquartered at Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.<ref>Ortiz-Sotelo, Jorge. (1998). Peru and the British naval station (1808-1839). Thesis. PhD Doctor of Philosophy. University of St Andrews. Scotland. https://research-repository.st-andrews.ac.uk/handle/10023/2958. Introduction. p.viii </ref> In 1826 the stations headquarters moved to Valparaíso, Chile. In 1837 it was was divided into two separate [[Naval Station|naval stations]] creating the [[Pacific Station]] and the [[Brazil Station]] for operational purposes. The station reformed again briefly after the First World War from March, 1919 until 1921 before being deactivated.<ref>{{cite web |last1=Harley |first1=Simon |last2=Lovell |first2=Tony |title=South America Station - The Dreadnought Project |url=http://dreadnoughtproject.org/tfs/index.php/South_America_Station |website=dreadnoughtproject.org |publisher=Harley and Lovell |accessdate=7 December 2019 |date=3 November 2015}}</ref>
  
Its main naval force (1808-1837) was called the [[Pacific Squadron]].<ref>Ortiz-Sotelo, Jorge. (1998). Peru and the British naval station (1808-1839). Thesis. PhD Doctor of Philosophy. University of St Andrews. Scotland. https://research-repository.st-andrews.ac.uk/handle/10023/2958. Abstract p.ii. </ref>
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Its main naval force (1813-1837) was called the [[Pacific Squadron]].<ref>Ortiz-Sotelo, Jorge. (1998). Peru and the British naval station (1808-1839). Thesis. PhD Doctor of Philosophy. University of St Andrews. Scotland. https://research-repository.st-andrews.ac.uk/handle/10023/2958. Abstract p.ii. </ref>
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==History==
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The South America Station was first created in 1808 as one of the geographical divisions into which the [[Royal Navy]] divided its worldwide responsibilities and was originally headquartered at Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.<ref>Ortiz-Sotelo. p.viii.</ref>. In 1826 the stations headquarters were moved to the port Valparaíso in Chile to maintain British naval interest in the region. In 1837 it was was divided into two separate commands creating the [[Pacific Station]] and the [[South East Coast of America Station]] for operational purposes. The station reformed again briefly after the First World War from March, 1919 until 1921 before being deactivated.<ref>Harley and Lovell.</ref>
  
 
==In Command==
 
==In Command==
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====Commodore of the Pacific Squadron====
 
====Commodore of the Pacific Squadron====
Included.<ref>Ortiz-Sotelo, Jorge. (1998). Appendix Two Commanding Officers of British Naval Forces in the Pacific Commodores of the Pacific Squadron. pp.295–296. </ref>  
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{{main|Commodore of the Pacific Squadron}}
# Captain James Hillyar 1813-14
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# Captain Thomas Staines 1814-15
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==Components==
# Captain John Fyffe 1815-16
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===Formations===
# Captain William Bowles 1817-18
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* [[Pacific Squadron]] (1813-1838).
# Captain William Henry Shirreff 1818-21
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# Commodore Thomas Masterman Hardy 1821-22
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===Shore Establishments===
# Captain Frederick Earl Spencer February 1822
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*[[Rio de Janiero Dockyard]] (1813-1826).<ref> Cock, Randolph; Rodger, N.A.M. "A Guide to Naval Records of the National Archives of the UK: Chapter: Dockyards and other Naval Yards" (PDF). Exeter, England.: University of Exeter. p. 217. Retrieved 8 December 2019.</ref>
# Captain Henry Prescott July 1822
 
# Captain Thomas Brown October 1823
 
# Captain Thomas James Maling May 1824
 
# Captain John Gordon Sinclair March 1827
 
# Captain Coghlan (Francis Rogers ?) August 1828
 
# Captain A. B. Bingham November 1829
 
# Captain William Earl Waldegrave July 1830
 
# Captain James Townshend March 1832
 
# Captain Francis Mason August 1834
 
# Captain Thomas Ball Sullivan July 1837
 
  
 
==References==
 
==References==
 
{{reflist|3}}  
 
{{reflist|3}}  
  
[[Category:Royal Navy Stations]]
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{{RN former commands, North and South America}}
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[[Category:South America Station]]

Latest revision as of 16:56, 13 July 2021

South America Station
Ensign of the Royal Navy animated.gif
Active(1808–1837), (1919-1921)
CountryUnited Kingdom
BranchNaval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Royal Navy
TypeNaval Station
RoleCommand
Part ofDepartment of Admiralty
Garrison/HQRio de Janiero, Brazil (1808-1826)
Valparaíso, Chile (1828-1837)
Commanders
FirstRear-Admiral of the Blue: William Sidney Smith
LastRear-Admiral: Allen Thomas Hunt

The South America Station was first created in 1808 as one of the geographical divisions into which the Royal Navy divided its worldwide responsibilities and was initially headquartered at Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.[1] In 1826 the stations headquarters moved to Valparaíso, Chile. In 1837 it was was divided into two separate naval stations creating the Pacific Station and the Brazil Station for operational purposes. The station reformed again briefly after the First World War from March, 1919 until 1921 before being deactivated.[2]

Its main naval force (1813-1837) was called the Pacific Squadron.[3]

History

The South America Station was first created in 1808 as one of the geographical divisions into which the Royal Navy divided its worldwide responsibilities and was originally headquartered at Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.[4]. In 1826 the stations headquarters were moved to the port Valparaíso in Chile to maintain British naval interest in the region. In 1837 it was was divided into two separate commands creating the Pacific Station and the South East Coast of America Station for operational purposes. The station reformed again briefly after the First World War from March, 1919 until 1921 before being deactivated.[5]

In Command

Commander-in-Chief, South America Station

Commodore of the Pacific Squadron

Components

Formations

Shore Establishments

References

  1. Ortiz-Sotelo, Jorge. (1998). Peru and the British naval station (1808-1839). Thesis. PhD Doctor of Philosophy. University of St Andrews. Scotland. https://research-repository.st-andrews.ac.uk/handle/10023/2958. Introduction. p.viii
  2. Harley, Simon; Lovell, Tony (3 November 2015). "South America Station - The Dreadnought Project". dreadnoughtproject.org. Harley and Lovell. Retrieved 7 December 2019.
  3. Ortiz-Sotelo, Jorge. (1998). Peru and the British naval station (1808-1839). Thesis. PhD Doctor of Philosophy. University of St Andrews. Scotland. https://research-repository.st-andrews.ac.uk/handle/10023/2958. Abstract p.ii.
  4. Ortiz-Sotelo. p.viii.
  5. Harley and Lovell.
  6. Cock, Randolph; Rodger, N.A.M. "A Guide to Naval Records of the National Archives of the UK: Chapter: Dockyards and other Naval Yards" (PDF). Exeter, England.: University of Exeter. p. 217. Retrieved 8 December 2019.