Difference between revisions of "South America Station"

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|command_structure= [[Department of Admiralty]]
 
|command_structure= [[Department of Admiralty]]
|garrison= Rio de Janiero Brazil  
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|garrison= Rio de Janiero, Brazil (1808-1826)<br>Valparaíso, Chile (1828-1837)
 
|garrison_label=
 
|garrison_label=
 
|nickname=
 
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}}
 
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The '''South America Station''' was first created in 1808 as one of the geographical divisions into which the [[Royal Navy]] divided its worldwide responsibilities and was headquartered at Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.<ref>Ortiz-Sotelo, Jorge. (1998). Peru and the British naval station (1808-1839). Thesis. PhD Doctor of Philosophy. University of St Andrews. Scotland. https://research-repository.st-andrews.ac.uk/handle/10023/2958. Introduction. p.viii </ref>In 1837 it was was divided into two separate [[Naval Station|naval stations]] creating the [[Pacific Station]] and the [[South East Coast of America Station]] for operational purposes. The station reformed again briefly after the First World War from March, 1919 until 1921 before being deactivated.<ref>{{cite web |last1=Harley |first1=Simon |last2=Lovell |first2=Tony |title=South America Station - The Dreadnought Project |url=http://dreadnoughtproject.org/tfs/index.php/South_America_Station |website=dreadnoughtproject.org |publisher=Harley and Lovell |accessdate=7 December 2019 |date=3 November 2015}}</ref>
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The '''South America Station''' was first created in 1808 as one of the geographical divisions into which the [[Royal Navy]] divided its worldwide responsibilities and was initially headquartered at Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.<ref>Ortiz-Sotelo, Jorge. (1998). Peru and the British naval station (1808-1839). Thesis. PhD Doctor of Philosophy. University of St Andrews. Scotland. https://research-repository.st-andrews.ac.uk/handle/10023/2958. Introduction. p.viii </ref> In 1826 the stations headquarters moved to Valparaíso, Chile. In 1837 it was was divided into two separate [[Naval Station|naval stations]] creating the [[Pacific Station]] and the [[Brazil Station]] for operational purposes. The station reformed again briefly after the First World War from March, 1919 until 1921 before being deactivated.<ref>{{cite web |last1=Harley |first1=Simon |last2=Lovell |first2=Tony |title=South America Station - The Dreadnought Project |url=http://dreadnoughtproject.org/tfs/index.php/South_America_Station |website=dreadnoughtproject.org |publisher=Harley and Lovell |accessdate=7 December 2019 |date=3 November 2015}}</ref>
  
Its main naval force (1808-1837) was called the [[Pacific Squadron]].<ref>Ortiz-Sotelo, Jorge. (1998). Peru and the British naval station (1808-1839). Thesis. PhD Doctor of Philosophy. University of St Andrews. Scotland. https://research-repository.st-andrews.ac.uk/handle/10023/2958. Abstract p.ii. </ref>
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Its main naval force (1813-1837) was called the [[Pacific Squadron]].<ref>Ortiz-Sotelo, Jorge. (1998). Peru and the British naval station (1808-1839). Thesis. PhD Doctor of Philosophy. University of St Andrews. Scotland. https://research-repository.st-andrews.ac.uk/handle/10023/2958. Abstract p.ii. </ref>
 +
 
 +
==History==
 +
The South America Station was first created in 1808 as one of the geographical divisions into which the [[Royal Navy]] divided its worldwide responsibilities and was originally headquartered at Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.<ref>Ortiz-Sotelo. p.viii.</ref>. In 1826 the stations headquarters were moved to the port Valparaíso in Chile to maintain British naval interest in the region. In 1837 it was was divided into two separate commands creating the [[Pacific Station]] and the [[South East Coast of America Station]] for operational purposes. The station reformed again briefly after the First World War from March, 1919 until 1921 before being deactivated.<ref>Harley and Lovell.</ref>
  
 
==In Command==
 
==In Command==
 
===Commander-in-Chief, South America Station===
 
===Commander-in-Chief, South America Station===
Included
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{{main|Commander-in-Chief, South America Station}}
{| class="wikitable" border="1" cellpadding="5" cellspacing="0"
 
| colspan="5" align="center" style="background:#dcdcfe;" | '''Commander-in-Chief, South America Station'''
 
|-
 
! !! Rank !! Flag !! Name !! Term 
 
|-
 
|1 ||[[Rear-Admiral of the Blue]]|| [[File:Rear Admiral of the Blue Squadron command flag 1702 to 1864.png|25px]] || [[William Sidney Smith]]||25 January 1808 – 17 May 1809.<ref>Ortiz-Sotelo, Jorge. (1998). Appendix Two Commanding Officers of British Naval Forces in the Pacific Commanders in Chief of the South America Station 1819-1837. p.295. </ref>
 
|-
 
|2 ||[[Vice-Admiral of the White]]|| [[File:Vice Admiral of the White Squadron command flag 1805 to 1864.png|25px]] ||[[Michael de Courcy]] ||18 May 1809 – 1812.<ref>Ortiz-Sotelo, Jorge. (1998). Appendix Two Commanding Officers of British Naval Forces in the Pacific Commanders in Chief of the South America Station 1819-1837. p.295. </ref>
 
|-
 
|3 ||[[Vice-Admiral of the White]] || [[File:Vice Admiral of the White Squadron command flag 1805 to 1864.png|25px]] || [[Manley Dixon]] ||1812 – 1816.<ref>Ortiz-Sotelo, Jorge. (1998). Appendix Two Commanding Officers of British Naval Forces in the Pacific Commanders in Chief of the South America Station 1819-1837. p.295. </ref>
 
|-
 
|4 |||[[Commodore Distinction]] || [[File:Flag Commodore distinction Red squadron 1806 to 1826.jpg|25px]] ||[[William Bowles]] ||1816 – 17 May 1819.<ref>Ortiz-Sotelo, Jorge. (1998). Appendix Two Commanding Officers of British Naval Forces in the Pacific Commanders in Chief of the South America Station 1819-1837. p.295. </ref>
 
|-
 
|5 ||[[Commodore Distinction]]|| [[File:Flag Commodore distinction Red squadron 1806 to 1826.jpg|25px]] ||[[Sir Thomas Hardy, 1st Baronet|Thomas Hardy]]||18 May 1819 – 16 November 1823.<ref>Ortiz-Sotelo, Jorge. (1998). Appendix Two Commanding Officers of British Naval Forces in the Pacific Commanders in Chief of the South America Station 1819-1837. p.295. </ref>
 
|-
 
|6 ||[[Rear-Admiral of the White]]|| [[File:Rear Admiral of the White Squadron command flag 1805 to 1864.png|25px]] ||[[George Eyre]] ||16 November 1823 – 1826.<ref>Ortiz-Sotelo, Jorge. (1998). Appendix Two Commanding Officers of British Naval Forces in the Pacific Commanders in Chief of the South America Station 1819-1837. p.295. </ref>
 
|-
 
|7 ||[[Rear-Admiral of the Red]] || [[File:Rear Admiral of the Red Squadron command flag 1702 to 1864.png|25px]] || [[Robert Waller Otway]] ||1826 – 9 January 1829.<ref>{{cite journal |title=Court Martial |journal=The United Service Journal and Naval and Military Magazine |date=1829 |page=504 |url=https://books.google.lk/books?id=r7o8AAAAYAAJ&pg=PA504&lpg=PA504&dq=Rear-Admiral++of+the+Red+Robert+Otway+1829&source=bl&ots=8b59_lz_Gl&sig=ACfU3U0ySG1TE5mkEhSJRP_SjavYrma4WQ&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwiZs4bwmaPmAhUEU30KHYH1Di0Q6AEwD3oECAoQAQ#v=onepage&q=Rear-Admiral%20%20of%20the%20Red%20Robert%20Otway%201829&f=false |accessdate=7 December 2019 |publisher=Henry Colburn |location=London, England |language=en}}</ref>
 
|-
 
|8 |||[[Rear-Admiral of the Red]]  || [[File:Rear Admiral of the Red Squadron command flag 1702 to 1864.png|25px]] ||[[Thomas Baker]] ||9 January 1829 – January 1833.<ref>Ortiz-Sotelo, Jorge. (1998). Appendix Two Commanding Officers of British Naval Forces in the Pacific Commanders in Chief of the South America Station 1819-1837. p.295. </ref>
 
|-
 
|9 ||[[Rear-Admiral of the Red]]  || [[File:Rear Admiral of the Red Squadron command flag 1702 to 1864.png|25px]] || [[Sir Michael Seymour, 1st Baronet|Sir Michael Seymour]] ||January 1833 – 9 July 1834.<ref>Ortiz-Sotelo, Jorge. (1998). Appendix Two Commanding Officers of British Naval Forces in the Pacific Commanders in Chief of the South America Station 1819-1837. p.295. </ref>
 
|-
 
|10 |||[[Vice-Admiral of the Blue]]|| [[File:Vice Admiral of the Blue Squadron command flag 1702 to 1864.png|25px]] ||[[Graham Eden Hamond, 2nd Baronet|Graham Eden Hamond]]  || 9 July 1834 – 17 May 1838.<ref>Ortiz-Sotelo, Jorge. (1998). Appendix Two Commanding Officers of British Naval Forces in the Pacific Commanders in Chief of the South America Station 1819-1837. p.295. </ref>
 
|-
 
|11 |||[[Rear-Admiral]]|| [[File:Rear Admiral command Flag RN from 1864.png|25px]] ||[[Allen Thomas Hunt]] || 9 March 1919 – 1921.<ref>Harley and Lovell.</ref>
 
|-
 
|}
 
  
 
====Commodore of the Pacific Squadron====
 
====Commodore of the Pacific Squadron====
Included.<ref>Ortiz-Sotelo, Jorge. (1998). Appendix Two Commanding Officers of British Naval Forces in the Pacific Commodores of the Pacific Squadron. pp.295–296. </ref>  
+
{{main|Commodore of the Pacific Squadron}}
# Captain James Hillyar 1813-14
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# Captain Thomas Staines 1814-15
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==Components==
# Captain John Fyffe 1815-16
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===Formations===
# Captain William Bowles 1817-18
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* [[Pacific Squadron]] (1813-1838).
# Captain William Henry Shirreff 1818-21
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# Commodore Thomas Masterman Hardy 1821-22
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===Shore Establishments===
# Captain Frederick Earl Spencer February 1822
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*[[Rio de Janiero Dockyard]] (1813-1826).<ref> Cock, Randolph; Rodger, N.A.M. "A Guide to Naval Records of the National Archives of the UK: Chapter: Dockyards and other Naval Yards" (PDF). Exeter, England.: University of Exeter. p. 217. Retrieved 8 December 2019.</ref>
# Captain Henry Prescott July 1822
 
# Captain Thomas Brown October 1823
 
# Captain Thomas James Maling May 1824
 
# Captain John Gordon Sinclair March 1827
 
# Captain Coghlan (Francis Rogers ?) August 1828
 
# Captain A. B. Bingham November 1829
 
# Captain William Earl Waldegrave July 1830
 
# Captain James Townshend March 1832
 
# Captain Francis Mason August 1834
 
# Captain Thomas Ball Sullivan July 1837
 
  
 
==References==
 
==References==
{{reflist|2}}  
+
{{reflist|3}}
 +
 
 +
{{RN former commands, North and South America}}
  
[[Category:Royal Navy Stations]]
+
[[Category:South America Station]]

Latest revision as of 16:56, 13 July 2021

South America Station
Ensign of the Royal Navy animated.gif
Active(1808–1837), (1919-1921)
CountryUnited Kingdom
BranchNaval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Royal Navy
TypeNaval Station
RoleCommand
Part ofDepartment of Admiralty
Garrison/HQRio de Janiero, Brazil (1808-1826)
Valparaíso, Chile (1828-1837)
Commanders
FirstRear-Admiral of the Blue: William Sidney Smith
LastRear-Admiral: Allen Thomas Hunt

The South America Station was first created in 1808 as one of the geographical divisions into which the Royal Navy divided its worldwide responsibilities and was initially headquartered at Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.[1] In 1826 the stations headquarters moved to Valparaíso, Chile. In 1837 it was was divided into two separate naval stations creating the Pacific Station and the Brazil Station for operational purposes. The station reformed again briefly after the First World War from March, 1919 until 1921 before being deactivated.[2]

Its main naval force (1813-1837) was called the Pacific Squadron.[3]

History

The South America Station was first created in 1808 as one of the geographical divisions into which the Royal Navy divided its worldwide responsibilities and was originally headquartered at Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.[4]. In 1826 the stations headquarters were moved to the port Valparaíso in Chile to maintain British naval interest in the region. In 1837 it was was divided into two separate commands creating the Pacific Station and the South East Coast of America Station for operational purposes. The station reformed again briefly after the First World War from March, 1919 until 1921 before being deactivated.[5]

In Command

Commander-in-Chief, South America Station

Commodore of the Pacific Squadron

Components

Formations

Shore Establishments

References

  1. Ortiz-Sotelo, Jorge. (1998). Peru and the British naval station (1808-1839). Thesis. PhD Doctor of Philosophy. University of St Andrews. Scotland. https://research-repository.st-andrews.ac.uk/handle/10023/2958. Introduction. p.viii
  2. Harley, Simon; Lovell, Tony (3 November 2015). "South America Station - The Dreadnought Project". dreadnoughtproject.org. Harley and Lovell. Retrieved 7 December 2019.
  3. Ortiz-Sotelo, Jorge. (1998). Peru and the British naval station (1808-1839). Thesis. PhD Doctor of Philosophy. University of St Andrews. Scotland. https://research-repository.st-andrews.ac.uk/handle/10023/2958. Abstract p.ii.
  4. Ortiz-Sotelo. p.viii.
  5. Harley and Lovell.
  6. Cock, Randolph; Rodger, N.A.M. "A Guide to Naval Records of the National Archives of the UK: Chapter: Dockyards and other Naval Yards" (PDF). Exeter, England.: University of Exeter. p. 217. Retrieved 8 December 2019.