Senior Naval Lord

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Office of the Senior Naval Lord
Ensign of the Royal Navy animated.gif
Department of Admiralty
Member ofBoard of Admiralty
Reports toFirst Lord of the Admiralty
First Naval Lord
AppointerPrime Minister
Subject to formal approval by the King-in-Council
Term lengthNot fixed (typically 3–4 years)
FormationSenior Naval Lord (1689–1771)
First Naval Lord (1771–1904)
First Sea Lord (1904-1917)
First Sea Lord and Chief of Naval Staff (1917–present)
First holderAdmiral of the Fleet: Arthur Herbert
Final holderAdmiral of the White: Sir Francis Holburne

The Senior Naval Lord to the Board of Admiralty was established in 1689 who was usually the most senior serving naval officer on the board; the post existed until 1771 when it was renamed First Naval Lord.

The office holder was the Chief Naval Adviser both to the First Lord of the Admiralty and the board itself.

History

The office of Senior Naval Lord to the Board of Admiralty was established on 8 March 1689, with the first incumbent being Admiral Arthur Herbert; he was also First Lord of the Admiralty.[1] On the 20 January 1690 Admiral Herbert was succeeded by Admiral Sir John Chicheley under First Lord of Admiralty Thomas Herbert, Earl of Pembroke.On 22 May 1702 the Board of Admiralty ceased control of Naval Affairs and was replaced by the Lord High Admirals Council. The previous office of Senior Naval Lord was replaced by a Senior Member to the Lord Admirals Council; he was usually a serving naval officer of Admiral rank and was the Chief Naval Adviser to the Lord Admiral. This lasted until 8 November 1709 when the Board of Admiralty resumed control of Naval Affairs and the post of Senior Naval Lord was resumed. On 2 February 1771 the office of Senior Naval Lord was renamed to First Naval Lord.

Office Holders

  1. Admiral of the Fleet:Arthur Herbert, (8 March 1689-20 January 1690).[2]
  2. Rear-Admiral of the Red: Sir John Chicheley, (20 January 1690-5 June 1690).[3]
  3. Admiral of the Blue: Edward Russell, (5 June 1690-23 January 1691).[4]
  4. Captain Henry Priestman, (23 January 1691-2 May 1694).[5]
  5. Admiral of the Blue: Edward Russell, 1st Earl of Orford, (2 May 1694-31 May 1699).[6]
  6. Admiral of the Fleet: Sir George Rooke, (31 May 1699-26 January 1702).[7]
  7. Admiral of the Fleet: Sir John Leake, (8 November 1709-4 October 1710).[8]
  8. Admiral of the White: Sir George Byng, 1st Viscount Torrington, (4 October 1710-30 September 1712).[9]
  9. Admiral of the Fleet: Sir John Leake, (30 September 1712-14 October 1714).[10]
  10. Admiral of the White: Sir George Byng, 1st Viscount Torrington, (14 October 1714-16 April 1717).[11]
  11. Admiral of the Fleet: Matthew Aylmer Matthew, (16 April 1717-19 March 1718).[12]
  12. Admiral of the White: Sir George Byng , 1st Viscount Torrington, (19 March 1718-30 September 1721).[13]
  13. Admiral of the White: Sir John Jennings, (30 September 1721- June 1727).[14]
  14. Admiral of the Blue: Sir John Norris, (1 June 1727-13 May 1730).[15]
  15. Admiral of the White: Sir Charles Wager, (13 May 1730-23 June 1733).[16]
  16. Admiral Lord Archibald Hamilton, (23 June 1733-13 March 1738).[17]
  17. Admiral Lord Harry Powlett, (13 March 1738-19 March 1742).[18]
  18. Admiral Lord Archibald Hamilton, (19 March 1742-25 March 1746).[19]
  19. Admiral of the Blue: Lord Vere Beauclerk, (25 March 1746-18 November 1749).[20]
  20. Admiral of the Blue: Lord George Anson, (18 November 1749-22 June 1751).[21]
  21. Admiral of the White: Sir William Rowley, (22 June 1751-17 November 1756).[22]
  22. Vice-Admiral of the Red: The Hon. Edward Boscawen , (17 November 1756-6 April 1757).[23]
  23. Admiral of the White: Sir William Rowley, (6 April 1757-2 July 1757).[24]
  24. Admiral of the Blue: The Hon. Edward Boscawen, (2 July 1757-19 March 1761).[25]
  25. Admiral of the Blue: The Hon. John Forbes, (19 March 1761-20 April 1763).[26]
  26. Admiral Lord Richard Howe, 1st Earl Howe, (20 April 1763-31 July 1765).[27]
  27. Admiral of the Blue: Sir Charles Saunders, (31 July 1765-15 September 1766).[28]
  28. Rear-Admiral of the Red: The Hon. Augustus Keppel, (15 September 1766-11 December 1766).[29]
  29. Rear-Admiral of the Red: Sir Peircy Brett, (11 December 1766-28 February 1770).[30]
  30. Admiral of the White: Sir Francis Holburne, (28 February 1770-2 February 1771).[31]

Footnotes

  1. Rodger, N.A.M. (1979). The Admiralty. Lavenham: T. Dalton. p. 34. ISBN 0900963948.
  2. Rodger. p.34.
  3. Rodger. p.34.
  4. Rodger. p.34.
  5. Rodger. p.34.
  6. Rodger. p.34.
  7. Rodger. p.34.
  8. Rodger, N.A.M. (1979). The Admiralty. Lavenham: T. Dalton. pp. 51–52. ISBN 0900963948.
  9. Rodger. pp.51-52.
  10. Rodger. pp.51-52.
  11. Rodger. pp.51-52.
  12. Rodger. pp.51-52.
  13. Rodger. pp.51-52.
  14. Rodger. pp.51-52.
  15. Rodger. pp.51-52.
  16. Rodger. pp.51-52.
  17. Rodger. pp.51-52.
  18. Rodger. pp.51-52.
  19. Rodger. pp.51-52.
  20. Rodger. pp.51-52.
  21. Rodger. pp.51-52.
  22. Rodger. pp.51-52.
  23. Rodger. pp.51-52.
  24. Rodger. pp.51-52.
  25. Rodger. pp.51-52.
  26. Rodger. pp.51-52.
  27. Rodger. pp.51-52.
  28. Rodger. pp.51-52.
  29. Rodger. pp.51-52.
  30. Rodger. pp.51-52.
  31. Rodger. pp.51-52.

Bibliography

  1. Rodger, N.A.M. (1979). The Admiralty. Lavenham: T. Dalton. ISBN 0900963948.