Roman Empire

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Map of the Roman Empire at maximum extent in 117 AD

The Roman Empire was one of the largest empires of the ancient world. Its capital was Rome, and its empire was based in the Mediterranean. The Empire dates from 25 BC, when Octavian became the Emperor Augustus, till it fell in 476 AD. [1]

History

The Roman Empire was one of the largest empires of the ancient world. Its capital was Rome, and its empire was based around the Mediterranean Sea. The Empire dates from 25 BC, when Octavian became the Emperor Augustus, till it fell in 476 AD. marking the end of the Ancient World and the beginning of the Middle Ages. The empire was the third stage of Ancient Rome. The first was the Kingdom of Rome, the second was the Roman Republic.

Many modern lands today were once part of the Roman Empire, for example Britain (England & Wales) (not Scotland), Spain, Portugal, Gaul (France), Italy, Greece , Turkey , Germany , Egypt the Levant, Crimea , Switzerland , and the north coast of Africa. The main language of the Roman Empire was Latin ; Greek was an important secondary language. The western part of the Roman Empire continued for about 500 years, and the eastern part, with Greece and Anatolia , continued for about a thousand years more. The eastern part was called the Byzantine Empire, its capital being Constantinople.

Armed Forces

References

  1. Kelly, Christopher (2007). The Roman Empire: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-280391-7.