Roman Empire

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Map of the Roman Empire at maximum extent in 117 AD

The Roman Empire was one of the largest empires of the ancient world. Its capital was Rome, and its empire was based in the Mediterranean. The Empire dates from 25 BC, when Octavian became the Emperor Augustus, till it fell in 476 AD. [1]

History

The Roman Empire was one of the largest empires of the ancient world. Its capital was Rome, and its empire was based in the Mediterranean. The Empire dates from 25 BC, when Octavian became the Emperor Augustus, till it fell in 476 AD. marking the end of the Ancient World and the beginning of the Middle Ages, or Dark Ages. The empire was the third stage of Ancient Rome. Rome was first ruled by Roman kings, then by the Roman Republic, then by an emperor.

Many modern lands were once part of the Roman Empire, for example Britain (not Scotland), Spain, Portugal, France (Gaul), Italy, Greece, Turkey, Germany, Egypt, Levant, Crimea, Switzerland, and the north coast of Africa. The main language of the Roman Empire was Latin; Greek was an important secondary language. The western part of the Roman Empire continued for about 500 years, and the eastern part, with Greece and Anatolia, continued for about a thousand years more. The eastern part was called the Byzantine Empire, its capital being Constantinople.

Armed Forces

Footnotes

  1. Kelly, Christopher (2007). The Roman Empire: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-280391-7.