Difference between revisions of "Regional Admiralties"

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(References)
(List of Regional Admiralties)
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==List of Regional Admiralties==
 
==List of Regional Admiralties==
# [[Northern Admiralty]] (1294 to 1412)
+
# [[Northern Admiralty]] (1295 to 1406)
 
# [[Northern and Western Admiralty]] (1364-1367), (1386-1400), (1406-1414)
 
# [[Northern and Western Admiralty]] (1364-1367), (1386-1400), (1406-1414)
 
# [[Southern Admiralty]] (1294-1310), (1325-1326)
 
# [[Southern Admiralty]] (1294-1310), (1325-1326)
 
# [[Northern Southern and Western Admiralty]] (1360-1369)
 
# [[Northern Southern and Western Admiralty]] (1360-1369)
# [[Western Admiralty]] (1294 to 1412)
+
# [[Western Admiralty]] (1294 to 1406)
  
 
==References==
 
==References==

Revision as of 04:23, 20 July 2021

Regional Admiralties
Coat of Arms Henry IV and Government of the Kingdom of England 1399 to 1413.jpg
Seal of HM Government Kingdom of England 1399 to 1413
Admiralty overview
Formed1294
Dissolved1414
Superseding department
JurisdictionEngland Kingdom of England
HeadquartersYarmouth
Plymouth
Bristol
Admiralty executive
  • Admiral of the North
    Admiral of the South
    Admiral of the West
    Admiral of the North and West

Regional Admiralties were first established towards the end of the 13th Century. They were defined on the basis of geographical location, and an Admiral was appointed for the direction, control and legal jurisdiction of a particular area of England. They existed from 1298 until 1414 when the last remaining regional admiralty the Northern and Western Admiralty was unified into a single Admiralty Office covering all of England.[1]

History

Map of the Three Seas of England

The Regional Admiralty's of the Kingdom of England were defined on the basis of geographical location. An Admiral was appointed for administration of a particular area of England. The Northern Admiralty controlled Northern Sea (today known as the North Sea) from the East Coast of England from the river Thames, London to Scotland. The Western Admiralty controlled the Western Sea (today known as the Irish Sea) from Bristol to Carlisle,. The Southern Admiralty controlled the Southern Sea (today known as the English Channel) from the river Thames to the Port of Bristol.[2]

In 1364 the the northern and western commands were unified into a Northern and Western Admiralty's before being separated again (this would occur on two further occasions). Within each admiralty a Lieutenant Admiral or Vice-Admiral was appointed to deputy to each Admiral they were responsible for judicial administration as well as superintending the Wardens of the Coast who controlled stretches of coast line in each of the maritime counties within their area of responsibility.

They existed from 1298 until 1414 when the last remaining regional admiralty the Northern and Western Admiralty was unified into a single Admiralty Office covering all of England that was controlled by a High Admiral of England. By the 16th century these wardens of coast had became known as the Vice-Admiralties of the Coast.[3] Each region had a local defence force called the Sea-Guard Militia,[4] an early forerunner of the Sea Fencible's.

List of Regional Admiralties

  1. Northern Admiralty (1295 to 1406)
  2. Northern and Western Admiralty (1364-1367), (1386-1400), (1406-1414)
  3. Southern Admiralty (1294-1310), (1325-1326)
  4. Northern Southern and Western Admiralty (1360-1369)
  5. Western Admiralty (1294 to 1406)

References

  1. Rodger, N.A.M. (1997). The safeguard of the sea : a naval history of Britain. Vol 1., 660-1649. London: Penguin. p. 134. ISBN 9780140297249.
  2. Rodger p. 134.
  3. Blomfield, R. Massie (January 1912). "NAVAL EXECUTIVE RANKS". The Mariner's Mirror. 2 (4): 106–112. doi:10.1080/00253359.1912.10654589.
  4. Rodger p. 136.