Difference between revisions of "1st Fleet"

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m (Dean Morris moved page First Fleet to 1st Fleet)
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{{Infobox military unit
 
{{Infobox military unit
|unit_name=First Fleet
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|unit_name=1st Fleet
|image=
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|image=Ensign of the Royal Navy animated.gif
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|image_size=150px
 
|caption=
 
|caption=
 
|dates=31 July 1912–August 1914
 
|dates=31 July 1912–August 1914
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|allegiance=
 
|allegiance=
 
|branch={{navy|UK}}
 
|branch={{navy|UK}}
|type=[[Naval fleet|Fleet]]
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|type=[[Fleet]]
 
|role=
 
|role=
 
|size=
 
|size=
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==History==
 
==History==
Formed on 31 July 1912 the [[Home Fleet|Commander-in-Chief Home Fleets]] had direct command of the First Fleet;<ref>{{cite book|last1=Government|first1=H.M.|title=The Navy List|date=October 1913|publisher=H.M Stationery Office|page=86|chapter=List of officers on active list of the Royal Navy with the dates of their seniority}}</ref> and a Vice Admiral commanded the Second and Third Fleets. All the numbered fleets during this period had different levels of battle readiness for example the first fleet ships were in full commission.<ref>{{cite web|title=Royal Navy Organisation and Ship Deployments 1900-1914|url=http://www.naval-history.net/xGW-RNOrganisation1900-14.htm#2|website=naval-history.net|publisher=Gordom Smith, 8 August 2015|accessdate=2 August 2017}}</ref> The fleet also included, under Captain [[Cecil Lambert]], four destroyer flotillas.<ref>The Times. Monday, 29 July 1912. Issue 39963, col D, p. 3.</ref> Captain [[Reginald Tyrwhitt]] took over the command of the destroyer flotillas in December 1913.<ref>The Times. Monday, 24 November 1913. Issue 40377, col B, p. 5.</ref>
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Formed on 31 July 1912 the [[Home Fleets|Commander-in-Chief Home Fleets]] also had direct command of the [[First Fleet]];<ref>{{cite book|last1=Government|first1=H.M.|title=The Navy List|date=October 1913|publisher=H.M Stationery Office|page=86|chapter=List of officers on active list of the Royal Navy with the dates of their seniority}}</ref> and a Vice Admiral commanded the Second and Third Fleets. All the numbered fleets during this period had different levels of battle readiness for example the first fleet ships were in full commission.<ref>{{cite web|title=Royal Navy Organisation and Ship Deployments 1900-1914|url=http://www.naval-history.net/xGW-RNOrganisation1900-14.htm#2|website=naval-history.net|publisher=Gordom Smith, 8 August 2015|accessdate=2 August 2017}}</ref> The fleet also included, under Captain [[Cecil Lambert]], four destroyer flotillas.<ref>The Times. Monday, 29 July 1912. Issue 39963, col D, p. 3.</ref> Captain [[Reginald Tyrwhitt]] took over the command of the destroyer flotillas in December 1913.<ref>The Times. Monday, 24 November 1913. Issue 40377, col B, p. 5.</ref>
  
==Commanders==
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==In Command==
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===Commander-in-Chief, First Fleet===
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{{Main|Commander-in-Chief, 1st Fleet}}
  
{| class="wikitable" border="1" cellpadding="5" cellspacing="0"
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==Formations attached to Fleet by Date==
! !! Rank !! Flag !! Name !! Term 
 
|-
 
| colspan="5" align="center" style="background:#dcdcfe;" | '''Commander-in-Chief, First Fleet''' <ref>{{cite book|last1=Government|first1=H.M.|title=The Navy List|date=October 1913|publisher=H.M. Stationery Office|page=87|chapter=Flag Officers - Vice Admirals}}</ref>
 
|-
 
|1 ||Admiral || [[File:Flag of Admiral - Royal Navy.svg|25px]] || [[George Callaghan|Sir George Callaghan]] ||31 July 1912-December 1914
 
|-
 
|}
 
 
 
==Components==
 
 
:Included <ref>{{cite web|title=Royal Navy Organisation and Ship Deployments 1900-1914|url=http://www.naval-history.net/xGW-RNOrganisation1900-14.htm#2|website=naval-history.net|publisher=Gordon Smith, 8 August 2015|accessdate=2 August 2017}}</ref>
 
:Included <ref>{{cite web|title=Royal Navy Organisation and Ship Deployments 1900-1914|url=http://www.naval-history.net/xGW-RNOrganisation1900-14.htm#2|website=naval-history.net|publisher=Gordon Smith, 8 August 2015|accessdate=2 August 2017}}</ref>
  
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|}
 
|}
  
==Footnotes==
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==References==
 
{{reflist}}
 
{{reflist}}
  
==Sources==
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{{Fleets of the Royal Navy}}
*  Government, H.M. (October 1913). "List of officers on active list of the Royal Navy with the dates of their seniority". The Navy List. H.M Stationery Office.
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{{Royal Navy Historic Commands Home Waters}}
 
 
 
 
 
{{Department of Admiralty}}
 
{{Department of Admiralty}}
{{Royal Navy Historic Commands Home Waters|state=collapsed}}
 
  
[[Category:Royal Navy Fleets]]
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[[Category:1st Fleet]]
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[[Category:Home Fleets]]

Latest revision as of 08:34, 18 October 2020

1st Fleet
Ensign of the Royal Navy animated.gif
Active31 July 1912–August 1914
Country United Kingdom
Branch Royal Navy
TypeFleet

The 1st Fleet or First Fleet was a formation of the Royal Navy that briefly existed before the First World War from 1912 to 1914.

History

Formed on 31 July 1912 the Commander-in-Chief Home Fleets also had direct command of the First Fleet;[1] and a Vice Admiral commanded the Second and Third Fleets. All the numbered fleets during this period had different levels of battle readiness for example the first fleet ships were in full commission.[2] The fleet also included, under Captain Cecil Lambert, four destroyer flotillas.[3] Captain Reginald Tyrwhitt took over the command of the destroyer flotillas in December 1913.[4]

In Command

Commander-in-Chief, First Fleet

Formations attached to Fleet by Date

Included [5]
Unit Units Attached Dates Ref
1 1st Battle Squadron (8 battleships) (07.12-08.14) [6]
2 2nd Battle Squadron (8 battleships) (07.12-08.14) [7]
3 3rd Battle Squadron (8 pre-dreadnoughts) (07.12-08.14) [8]
4 4th Battle Squadron (4 battleships) (07.12-08.14) [9]
5 1st Cruiser Squadron (4 cruisers then to Battle-Cruiser Squadron 01.13) (07.12-01.13) [10]
6 2nd Cruiser Squadron (4-5 cruisers) (07.12-08.14) [11]
7 3rd Cruiser Squadron (5-7 cruisers) (07.12-08.14) [12]
8 4th Cruiser Squadron (7-8 cruisers) (07.12-08.14) [13]
9 1st Light Cruiser Squadron (14 cruisers assigned-reassigned between 1913–14) (13-08.14) [14]
10 1st Destroyer Flotilla (1 scout cruiser, 20 destroyers) (05.12-07.14) [15]
11 2nd Destroyer Flotilla (1 scout cruiser, 20 destroyers) (05.12-07.14) [16]
12 3rd Destroyer Flotilla (1 scout cruiser,16 destroyers -all to Med as 5th DF, 1913, replaced by 4 destoyers) (07.12-08.14) [17]
13 4th Destroyer Flotilla (1 scout cruiser, 12 destroyers + 18 K. Class, 1912–13) (07.12-08.14) [18]

References

  1. Government, H.M. (October 1913). "List of officers on active list of the Royal Navy with the dates of their seniority". The Navy List. H.M Stationery Office. p. 86.
  2. "Royal Navy Organisation and Ship Deployments 1900-1914". naval-history.net. Gordom Smith, 8 August 2015. Retrieved 2 August 2017.
  3. The Times. Monday, 29 July 1912. Issue 39963, col D, p. 3.
  4. The Times. Monday, 24 November 1913. Issue 40377, col B, p. 5.
  5. "Royal Navy Organisation and Ship Deployments 1900-1914". naval-history.net. Gordon Smith, 8 August 2015. Retrieved 2 August 2017.
  6. Smith. 2015
  7. Smith. 2015
  8. Smith. 2015
  9. Smith. 2015
  10. Smith. 2015
  11. Smith. 2015
  12. Smith. 2015
  13. Smith. 2015
  14. Smith. 2015
  15. Smith. 2015
  16. Smith. 2015
  17. Smith. 2015
  18. Smith. 2015