William de Leybourne

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Admiral Sir William de Leybourne
Born1242
Leybourne Castle, Leybourne, Kent, England
Died18 March 1310
Preston, near Wingham, Kent.
AllegianceRoyal Arms of England.png Kingdom of England
Service/branchFlag Kingdom of England.gif English Navy
Years of service1265–1306
RankAdmiral
Commands heldAdmiral of the English Sea's
Southern Fleet
Western Fleet
Irish Fleet
Battles/warsBattle off Bruges
Siege of Bayonne
Siege of Carlaverock
Siege of Winchelsea

Admiral Sir William de Leybourne or (Leybourne),[1] (abt. 1242-1310) was an English Knight and Military Commander.

Career

Sir William de Leybourne served as a military commander under King Edward I of England [2] and Edward II of England. In 1265, for his services during the Second Barons' War, he was given lands taken from Simon de Montforts rebels. In 1266 he was left in command of Sandwich by his father, and joined the Siege of Winchelsea. He then served in Wales in 1277, and in 1282 he was appointed Constable of Pevensey Castle.[3] His first naval appointment came on 8 March 1287 when Edward I conferred on him the title of "Admirallus Maris Angliae,[4]" or "Admiral of the English Sea's" [5] [6] as Commander-in-Chief of the English Navy [7] this was possibly the forerunner of the office of the Lord Admiral of England.[8][9] In 1294 he was appointed captain of the Kings Fleet gathered at Portsmouth styled as Admiral of the South [10] the fleet was assembled to convoy Prince Edmund during the siege of Bayonne in Gascony, France.[11] In the same year he was also appointed Admiral of the West and Admiral of the Irish Sea he held both titles concurrently until 1306. In 1299 he also served in Scotland at the head of 5 knights and 59 esquires, and in 1300 he was in attendance at the Siege of Carlaverock.[12]

Family and Personal

William de Leybourne, first Lord Leybourne, was the eldest son of Roger de Leybourne [13] from his marriage to Eleanor Ferrers.[14] He married Juliana de Sandwich (1245-1327) on 16 October 1265;[15] she was the daughter of Sir Henry de Sandwich. Juliana inherited all his estates and money in Kent. She was only four years old when her father died. William had three sons with Juliana, Thomas de Leybourne, Henry de Leybourne, John de Leybourne and three daughters, Idonea, Katherine and Joan.[16] After his marriage William lived at his wife's manor of Preston-next-Wingham, Kent. In 1275 he was involved in a dispute with a Jewish moneylender, involving a large loan supposedly made to his father. In 1278 he decided to sell the manor and Leeds Castle to Queen Eleanor,[17] who took over his financial debts, she cancelled all of the arrears that he inherited from his father, and payment for Castle Leeds.[18] In the period leading up-to the death of his first son Thomas in 1307 [19] he bequeathed him and his wife, Alice, who was the sister of Guy de Beauchamp, 10th Earl of Warwick, with the Manor of Leybourne.[20] His second son, Henry, fought for the Earl of Lancaster at Battle of Boroughbridge, where he was taken prisoner been outlawed. William de Leybourne died in 1310 leaving his grand daughter Juliana Leybourne (1303-1367) as his heir.[21]

Offices held

References

  1. Laird Clowes], William (1996). The Royal Navy : a history from the earliest times to the present ([Repr.]. ed.). London: Chatham Pub. p. 205. ISBN 9781861760104.
  2. Nicolas, Nicholas Harris (1828). The Siege of Carlaverock ... with the Arms of the Earls, Barons, and Knights, who Were Present on the Occasion, with a Translation, a History of the Castle and Memoirs of the Personages Commemorated by the Poet. Nichols. p. 258.
  3. Ingleton, Roy D. (2012). Fortress Kent. Casemate Publishers. p. 46. ISBN 9781848848887.
  4. The United Service Magazine. H. Colburn. 1845. p. 322.
  5. Carruthers, Bob (5 June 2013). Medieval Warfare. Barnsley, England: Pen and Sword. p. 58. ISBN 9781781592243.
  6. Haydn, Joseph Timothy (1841). Dictionary of dates, and universal reference. London: Edward Moxon. p. 7. Sir william de leybourne Admiral of the E.
  7. "THE BEGINNINGS OF ENGLISH MARITIME ENTERPRISE". History. 13 (50): 97–106. 1928. doi:10.2307/24400638. JSTOR 24400638.
  8. Hamilton, Sir Richard Vesey (1896). "1: How the System has Grown". Naval Administration; The Constitution, Character, and Functions of the Board of Admiralty, and of the Civil Departments It Directs. London: George Bell & Sons. ISBN 9781150465000.
  9. Hone, William (1841). The Every-day Book and Table Book; Or, Everlasting Calendar of Popular Amusements, Sports, Pastimes, Ceremonies, Manners, Customs, and Events, Incident to Each of the Three Hundred and Sixty-five Days, in Past and Present Times; Forming a Complete History of the Year, Months, and Seasons, and a Perpetual Key to the Almanac ... for Daily Use and Diversion. T. Tegg. p. 576. offices held by Sir William de Leybourne.
  10. Houbraken, Jacobus; Thoyras, Paul de Rapin; Vertue, George (1747). The History of England, A List of Admirals of England, 1228-1745. J. and P. Knapton. pp. 271–273.
  11. Anderson, Adam (1787). An Historical and Chronological Déduction of the Origin of Commerce. London: J. Walter. p. 254.
  12. Nicolas, Nicholas Harris (1828). The Siege of Carlaverock ... with the Arms of the Earls, Barons, and Knights, who Were Present on the Occasion, with a Translation, a History of the Castle and Memoirs of the Personages Commemorated by the Poet. Nichols. p. 258.
  13. Nicolas, Nicholas Harris (1828). The Siege of Carlaverock ... with the Arms of the Earls, Barons, and Knights, who Were Present on the Occasion, with a Translation, a History of the Castle and Memoirs of the Personages Commemorated by the Poet. Nichols. p. 257.
  14. Everingham, Kimbal G. (2011). Magna Carta Ancestry: Vol 3 (2 ed.). Douglas Richardson. p. 413. ISBN 9781461045205.
  15. Wurts, John S. (1945). Pedigrees of the Barons. Brookfield Publishing Company. Great Britain. p. 2765.
  16. Everingham, Kimball G. Plantagenet Ancestry: A Study In Colonial And Medieval Families, 2nd Edition. Douglas Richardson. p. 144. ISBN 9781461045137.
  17. "History - A Royal Castle". www.leeds-castle.com. Leeds Castle Foundation, 2017. Retrieved 26 August 2017.
  18. Brown, R.A.; Colvin, H.M.; Taylor, A.J. (1976). The History of the King's Works: The Middle Ages. H.M. Stationery Office. p. 695.
  19. Ingleton, Roy D. (2012). Fortress Kent. Casemate Publishers. p. 46. ISBN 9781848848887.
  20. Ingleton, Roy D. (2012). Fortress Kent. Casemate Publishers. p. 47. ISBN 9781848848887.
  21. Planché, James Robinson (1864). A Corner of Kent: Or, Some Account of the Parish of Ash-next-Sandwich, Its Historical Sites and Existing Antiquities. R. Hardwicke. p. 75. Sir William de Leybourne married Juliana of Sandwich.

Sources

  • Brown, R.A.; Colvin, H.M.; Taylor, A.J. (1976). The History of the King's Works: The Middle Ages. H.M. Stationery Office.
  • Everingham, Kimball G. ed. Plantagenet Ancestry: A Study In Colonial And Medieval Families, 2nd Edition. Douglas Richardson. ISBN 9781461045137.
  • Everingham, Kimbal G. ed. (2011). Magna Carta Ancestry: Vol 3 (2 ed.). Douglas Richardson. ISBN 9781461045205.
  • Hamilton, Sir Richard Vesey (1896). The Constitution, Character, and Functions of the Board of Admiralty, and of the Civil Departments It Directs. London: George Bell & Sons. ISBN 9781150465000.
  • "History - A Royal Castle". www.leeds-castle.com. Leeds Castle Foundation, 2017. Retrieved 26 August 2017.
  • Planché, James Robinson (1864). A Corner of Kent: Or, Some Account of the Parish of Ash-next-Sandwich, Its Historical Sites and Existing Antiquities. R. Hardwicke. The United Service Magazine. H. Colburn. England.
  • Houbraken, Jacobus; Thoyras, Paul de Rapin; Vertue, George (1747). The History of England, A List of Admirals of England, 1228-1745. J. and P. Knapton.
  • Wurts, John S. (1945). Pedigrees of the Barons. Brookfield Publishing Company. Great Britain.

External links