William Hargood

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Admiral of the White

Sir William Hargood

GCH KCB
Admiral William Hargood (1726-1839) by Frederick Richard Say.jpg
Admiral Sir William Hargood in 1835 painted by Frederick Richard Say, Royal Museums Greenwich. PD.
Born6 May 1762
Died12 December 1839 (aged 77)
Bath, Somerset
AllegianceFlag United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.gif United Kingdom
Service/branchNaval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Royal Navy
Years of service1775–1837
RankAdmiral of the White Squadron command flag 1702 to 1864.png Admiral of the White
Commands heldHMS Rattler
HMS Swallow
HMS Terpsichore
HMS Hyaena
HMS Leopard
HMS Nassau
HMS Intrepid
HMS Belleisle
Channel Islands Station
Plymouth Station
Battles/warsAmerican War of Independence
French Revolutionary War
Napoleonic Wars
AwardsKnight Commander of the Order of the Bath
Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Guelphic Order

Admiral of the White Sir William Hargood GCH KCB. (6 May 1762 – 12 December 1839) was a British naval officer who served with distinction through the American War of Independence, the French Revolutionary War and the Napoleonic Wars, during which he gained an unfortunate reputation for bad luck, which seemed to reverse following his courageous actions at the battle of Trafalgar in command of HMS Belleisle.

Naval Career

Born in 1762 into a Royal Navy Dockyard family, the son of a Clerk of the Survey, Hargood was able to secure a position as a Midshipman on HMS Triumph, on which he served from 1775 until the following year, in which time he made a convoy to Newfoundland, and then moved to HMS Bristol in which he saw the West Indies and American Eastern Seaboard, being heavily in involved in the landing at Fort Moultrie in 1776. In 1781, Hargood was promoted to Lieutenant on 13 January 1780 serving in the sloop HMS Port Royal when Pensacola fell to the Spanish despite his best efforts to keep it supplied, and in 1782 he was on board HMS Magnificent at the battle of the Saintes. Hargood continued in service in American waters beyond the end of the war, remaining there until he met Captain William Henry (who in 1830 would succeed his brother to become King of the United Kingdom).

The two became firm friends, and William took him as his first lieutenant aboard the frigate HMS Pegasus and then HMS Andromeda, procuring his promotion Master and Commander on 24 June 1789 and given command of unrated 16 gun sloop HMS Rattler until December 1789.[1] On 12 December 1789 he was Master and Commander of of the sloop HMS Swallow, which he commanded for a year off Ireland.[2] On 22 November 1790 he was promoted to Post Captain and given command of the 32 gun fifth rate frigate HMS Terpsichore.[3] On 16 April 1792 he sent to command HMS Hyaena on the Jamaica Station, West Indies.

Captured by the French in 1793 along with his ship, Hargood was exchanged and honourably acquitted and in 1796 given the 50 gun HMS Leopard, a command which ended in disaster, when he was deposed ashore during the Spithead mutiny. Moving to HMS Nassau and then HMS Intrepid, Hargood convoyed a fleet of East Indiamen to China, where he remained until the Peace of Amiens in 1803, defending Macau at the Macau Incident of January 1799. On his return at the outbreak of war, he was given the ship of the line HMS Belleisle, a good ship captured from the French in the battle of Groix in 1795. Joining Nelson's fleet in the Mediterranean, Hargood participated in the chase across the Atlantic, and his ship was so worn out it required a refit at Plymouth, only rejoining the fleet two weeks before the battle on 21 October.

During the battle, Belleisle was second in Collingwood's division, following the flagship HMS Royal Sovereign into the enemy lines by just fifteen minutes, and when there held his fire until he was able to discharge both sides simultaneously into the Fougueux and Spanish ship Santa Ana. Belleisle was engaged continuously during the action, often fighting alone against numerous enemy ships, before finally attaching herself to the Spanish ship Argonauta, which she boarded and captured, but not before she was herself dismasted. Belleisle took almost 25% casualties, with 33 dead and 93 wounded, including Hargood, who had suffered severe bruising during the cannonade. Belleisle was lucky to survive the storm, only the constant attentions of the frigate HMS Naiad allowing her to be slowly towed back to Gibraltar.

Following the battle, Hargood, who had been unable to get a favourable commission until this point was suddenly inundated with offers, and after some lucrative shore duties. In February 1808 he was appointed Captain and commanding officer of the 74 gun third rate ship of line HMS Northumberland until June 1810. On 28 April, 1808 he was given the honorary title of Colonel of Marines.

Flag Rank Appointments

Hargood was promoted to Rear-Admiral of the Blue on 31 July 1810,[4] he advanced to the rank of Rear-Admiral of the White on 1 August 1811,[5] then Rear-Admiral of the Red on 12 August 1812,[6] and given command of the Channel Islands Station,[7] who's assigned squadron made numerous raids on the French coast and collected a lot of prize money. In 1811 he married Maria Cocks, and they lived happily together until his death despite their failure to have any children. Following the peace in 1815, Hargood retired from the sea, but retained shore duties, and between this date and his death twenty four years later at his home in Bath, he was promoted to Vice-Admiral of the Blue on 4 June 1814,[8] then Vice-Admiral of the White on 12 August 1819,[9] then Vice-Admiral of the Red 19 July 1821.[10] He was made a Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath,[11] a Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Guelphic Order. He was promoted to full Admiral of the White on 10 January 1837,[12] and appointed Commander-in-Chief, Plymouth Station.[13]

Throughout his life he also retained a close and personal friendship with William Henry, even after the latter became King William IV in 1830. He retired to Bath residing at number 9 Royal Crescent[14] until his death and was buried in Bath Abbey where his much faded tombstone can still be seen, along with a lengthy epitaph on a mounted wall plaque.

References

  1. Harrison, Simon (2010–2021). "Sir William Hargood (1762-1839)". threedecks.org. Cy Harrison. Retrieved 15 July 2021.
  2. Harrison
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  11. 13 September 1831
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  13. Harrison
  14. Lowndes, William (1981). The Royal Crescent in Bath. Redcliffe Press. ISBN 978-0-905459-34-9.