Whitehall

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Whitehall is a road in the City of Westminster, Central London, which forms the first part of the A3212 road from Trafalgar Square to Chelsea. It is the main thoroughfare running south from Trafalgar Square towards Parliament Square. The street is recognised as the centre of the Government of the United Kingdom and is lined with numerous departments and ministries, including the Ministry of Defence, Horse Guards and the Cabinet Office. Consequently, the name 'Whitehall' is used as a metonym for the British civil service and government, and as the geographic name for the surrounding area.

The name was taken from the Palace of Whitehall that was the residence of Kings Henry VIII through to William III, before its destruction by fire in 1698; only the Banqueting House survived. Whitehall was originally a wide road that led to the front of the palace; the route to the south was widened in the 18th century following the destruction of the palace. From 1215 to 1707 it was the center of Government of the Kingdom of England and from 1707 to 1801 Government of the Kingdom of Great Britain

As well as government buildings, the street is known for its memorial statues and monuments, including Britain's primary war memorial, the Cenotaph. The Whitehall Theatre, now the Trafalgar Studios, has been popular for farce comedies since the mid-20th century.

Current government departments in Whitehall

Map of Whitehall, City of Westminister, London
  1. Cabinet Office
  2. Chancellors Office No.11 and Residence
  3. Department for Environment, Food & Rural Affairs
  4. Department for International Development
  5. Department for International Trade
  6. Department of Health
  7. Department of Work and Pensions
  8. Export Credits Guarantee Department
  9. Foreign and Commonwealth Office
  10. HM Treasury
  11. Ministry of Defence
  12. Prime Ministers Office No.10 and Residence
  13. Scotland Office
  14. Wales Office

Former government departments in Whitehall

  1. Admiralty and Marine Affairs Office
  2. Air Ministry
  3. Colonial Office
  4. Department of Admiralty
  5. Dominion Affairs Office
  6. Foreign Office
  7. Navy Department
  8. Navy Office
  9. Navy Pay Office
  10. Northern Department
  11. Sick and Hurt Office (Navy)
  12. Southern Department
  13. State Department
  14. Transport Office (Navy)
  15. Victualling Office (Navy)
  16. War Office (now used by the MOD)