White Sea Station

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White Sea Station
Ensign of the Royal Navy animated.gif
Active1916-1919
CountryFlag of Russia 1914 to 1917.png Russian Empire (1914-1917)‎
Flag of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic 1918to 1937.png Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (1918-1937)
AllegianceFlag United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.gif United Kingdom
BranchNaval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Royal Navy
TypeStation
Garrison/HQHMS Glory, Murmansk, Russian Empire

The White Sea [1] was a naval command of the British Royal Navy headquartered at Murmansk, Russian Empire from October, 1916 to December, 1919.

History

White Sea Map and Location

The North Russia Intervention, also known as the Northern Russian Expedition, was part of the Allied Intervention in Russia after the October Revolution. The intervention brought about the involvement of foreign troops in the Russian Civil War on the side of the White movement. The movement was ultimately defeated, while the Allied forces withdraw from Northern Russia after fighting a number of defensive actions against the Bolsheviks like the battle of Bolshie Ozerki, that allowed them a safe retreat. The campaign lasted from June 1918, during the final months of World War I, to October 1919. The British were the naval element during the intervention with its force the British White Sea Fleet.[2] This led to the Royal Navy establishing a naval station at Archangel, Russia in June 1918. On 30 October 1918 with Rear-Admiral John F. E. Green assumed command for the Archangel and White Sea Area [3] the stations flagship was HMS Glory, and Rear-Admiral Green assisted by his Flag Lieutenant Cuthbert F. B. Bowlby.[4] In 1919 he was replaced by Commodore Richard Hyde as Senior Naval Officer, White Sea and also Senior Naval Officer, Archangel.[5] In 1920 Rear-Admiral Green he was reassigned to the staff of Admiral Sir John de Robeck for duties in the Black Sea Area the station then fell into abeyance.[6]

In Command

Senior Naval Officer, White Sea (1916-1917)

Rear-Admiral Commanding in the White Sea (1917-1919)

Senior Naval Officer, White Sea (1917-1919)

Chief of Staff, White Sea (1917-1919)

Components

Naval Formations

  1. British North Russia Squadron
  2. White Sea Fleet
  3. White Sea Flotilla
  4. Archangel River Flotilla under S.N.O. River Expedition.

Naval Sub Commands

  1. Archangel Station under S.N.O.Archangel.

Footnotes

  1. Admiralty, Great Britain (October 1919). "Flag Officers in Commission". Navy List. London England: HM Stationery Office. p. 698.
  2. Beers, Dr Henry P. "US Naval Forces in Northern Russia 1918-1919". public2.nhhcaws.local. Naval History and Heritage Command, United States Navy. Retrieved 13 July 2019.
  3. "Shipbuilder and Marine Engine-Builder". The Shipbuilder and Marine Engine-Builder. Shipbuilder Press. 63: 620. October 1956.
  4. Admiralty, Great Britain (October 1919). "Flag Officers in Commission". Navy List. London England: HM Stationery Office. p. 698.
  5. Harley, Simon; Lovell, Tony (23 August 2018). "Archangel - The Dreadnought Project". www.dreadnoughtproject.org. Harley and Lovell. Retrieved 18 October 2018.
  6. "Shipbuilder and Marine Engine-Builder". The Shipbuilder and Marine Engine-Builder. Shipbuilder Press. 63: 620. October 1956.

Sources

  • Admiralty, Great Britain (1918). Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. London England: HM Stationery Office.
  • Admiralty, Great Britain (1919). "Flag Officers in Commission". Navy List. London England: HM Stationery Office.
  • Harley, Simon; Lovell, Tony (2018). "Archangel - The Dreadnought Project". www.dreadnoughtproject.org. Harley and Lovell.
  • Mace, Martin (2014). The Royal Navy and the War at Sea 1914-1919. Barnsley England: Pen and Sword. ISBN 9781473846562.
  • Shipbuilder and Marine Engine-Builder" (1956). The Shipbuilder and Marine Engine-Builder. Shipbuilder Press. 63: 620.