Treasurer of the Navy
|Office of the Treasurer of the Navy|
Navy Board flag
|Member of||Navy Board (1660-1832)|
|Reports to||Comptroller of the Navy|
|Nominator||First Lord of the Admiralty|
Subject to formal approval by the King-in-Council
|Term length||Not fixed (typically 3–7 years)|
|Inaugural holder||Sir George Carteret|
The Treasurer of the Navy also known as the Paymaster of Navy and originally called the Treasurer of Marine Causes, was a civilian officer of the Royal Navy, he was one of the principal commissioners of the Navy Board responsible for naval finance from 1660 to 1832. The treasurer was based at the Navy Pay Office.
For a short period during the late 17th century and early 18th century he was a member of the government as a Minister of State and a member of successive English and British Cabinets. His department the Navy Pay Office or Navy Treasury received money directly from HM Treasury.
Originally established in 1524 the first post holder was William Gonson he held the office for twenty years until 1544. Although a member of the board his office was semi-autonomous. The office-holder was responsible for the direction and control of naval finance of the Royal Navy. The office was a political appointment and frequently was held by up-and-coming young politicians who would later go on to hold more important positions. Before 1832 all accounts were dealt with by a number of different offices and officials. The Treasurer of the Navy originated during the reign of Henry VIII. He was the senior member of the Navy Board responsible for all Navy accounts, he gradually withdrew during the seventeenth century from the board's day-to-day affairs and his office, and the Navy Pay Office, came to be regarded as entirely separate from the Navy Office. The Treasurer of the Navy survived the re-organisational changes of 1832, but his office was abolished in 1835 when his duties were transferred to the Paymaster General's' Office.
- 1660–1667, Sir George Carteret
- 1667–1668, Arthur Annesley, 1st Earl of Anglesey
- 1668–1671, Sir Thomas Osborne and Sir Thomas de Littelton, Bt (jointly)
- 1671–1673, Sir Thomas Osborne
- 1673–1681, Edward Seymour
- 1681–1689, Anthony Carey, 5th Viscount Falkland
- 1689–1699, Admiral Edward Russell, 1st Earl of Orford
- 1699–1710, Sir Thomas de Littleton
- 1710–1711, Robert Walpole
- 1711–1714, Charles Caesar
- 1714–1718, John Aislabie
- 1718–1720, Richard Hampden
- 1720–1724, Admiral George Byng, 1st Viscount Torrington
- 1724–1734, Captain Pattee Byng, 2nd Viscount Torrington
- 1734–1742, Arthur Onslow
- 1742, Thomas Clutterbuck
- 1742–1743, Sir Charles Wager
- 1743–1744, Sir John Rushout, 4th Baronet
- 1744–1749, George Bubb Dodington
- 1749–1754, Henry Legge
- 1754–1756, George Grenville
- 1756, George Bubb Dodington
- 1756–1762, George Grenville
- 1762–1765, William Wildman Barrington, 2nd Viscount Barrington
- 1765–1770, Rear-Admiral Richard Howe, 4th Viscount Howe
- 1770–1777, Sir Gilbert Elliot, Bt
- 1777–1782, Welbore Ellis
- 1782, Isaac Barre
- 1782–1783, Henry Dundas
- 1783–1784, Charles Townshend
- 1784-1800, Henry Dundas
- 1800–1801, Dudley Ryder
- 1801–1803, Charles Bragge
- 1803–1804, George Tierney
- 1804–1806, George Canning
- 1806–1807, Richard Brinsley Sheridan
- 1807–1818, George Rose
- 1818–1823, Frederick John Robinson
- 1823–1827, William Huskisson
- 1827–1828, Charles Grant
- 1828–1830, William Vesey Fitzgerald
- 1830, Thomas Frankland Lewis
- 1830–1834, Charles Poulett Thomson
- 1834–1835, William Lowther, Viscount Lowther
- 1835–1836,Sir Henry Parnell
Departments and Offices under Treasurer
- Navy Pay Office (1660-1832) This was in effect the larger part of the Treasurer of the Navy’s Department.
- Department of the Accountant-General of the Navy (1829-1832)
- Office of the Assistant Treasurer of the Navy
- Office of the Inspector of Seaman's Wills
- Office of the Paymaster of the Marines to the Navy Board, (1831-1832)
- Mackenzie, Sir George (1 January 1821). "The Royal naval and military calendar: and national record for 1821". Google Books. Printed for the author. Retrieved 28 February 2017.
- Knighton, C. S.; Loades, D. M. (2011). The Navy of Edward VI and Mary I. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. p. 570. ISBN 9781409418474.
- Knighton, C. S.; Loades, David (2016). Elizabethan Naval Administration. Routledge. p. 5. ISBN 9781317145035.
- Archives, The National. "Navy Board: Navy Pay Office: Treasurer's Out-Letters". discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk. National Archives, 1807-1830, ADM 15. Retrieved 28 February 2017.
- Miller,, Helen Hill, (1985). Captains from Devon: the great Elizabethan seafarers who won the oceans for England. Algonquin Books of Chapel Hill. p. 33. ISBN 9780912697277.
- Sainty, J.C. (January 2003). "Navy Treasurer c. 1546-1836 Institute of Historical Research". www.history.ac.uk. University of London.
- Cock, Randolph; Rodger, N. A. M. "A Guide to the Naval Records in the National Archives" (PDF). humanities.exeter.ac.uk. University of London. p. 221. Retrieved 8 January 2019.