Treasurer of the Navy

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Office of the Treasurer of the Navy
Navy Board Flag 1832 new version.jpg
Navy Board flag
Admiralty
Member ofNavy Board (1660-1832)
Reports toComptroller of the Navy
NominatorFirst Lord of the Admiralty
AppointerPrime Minister
Subject to formal approval by the King-in-Council
Term lengthNot fixed (typically 3–7 years)
Inaugural holderSir George Carteret
Formation1660-1836

The Treasurer of the Navy also known as the Paymaster of Navy[1][2] and originally called the Treasurer of Marine Causes,[3] was a civilian officer of the Royal Navy, he was one of the principal commissioners of the Navy Board responsible for naval finance[4] from 1660 to 1832. The treasurer was based at the Navy Pay Office.

For a short period during the late 17th century and early 18th century he was a member of the government as a Minister of State and a member of successive English and British Cabinets. His department the Navy Pay Office or Navy Treasury received money directly from HM Treasury.

History

Originally established in 1524 the first post holder was William Gonson he held the office for twenty years until 1544.[5] Although a member of the board his office was semi-autonomous. The office-holder was responsible for the direction and control of naval finance of the Royal Navy. The office was a political appointment and frequently was held by up-and-coming young politicians who would later go on to hold more important positions. Before 1832 all accounts were dealt with by a number of different offices and officials. The Treasurer of the Navy originated during the reign of Henry VIII. He was the senior member of the Navy Board responsible for all Navy accounts, he gradually withdrew during the seventeenth century from the board's day-to-day affairs and his office, and the Navy Pay Office, came to be regarded as entirely separate from the Navy Office. The Treasurer of the Navy survived the re-organisational changes of 1832, but his office was abolished in 1835 when his duties were transferred to the Paymaster General's' Office.

Treasurers of the Navy (1660-1835)

Included:[6]

  1. 1660–1667, Sir George Carteret
  2. 1667–1668, Arthur Annesley, 1st Earl of Anglesey
  3. 1668–1671, Sir Thomas Osborne and Sir Thomas de Littelton, Bt (jointly)
  4. 1671–1673, Sir Thomas Osborne
  5. 1673–1681, Edward Seymour
  6. 1681–1689, Anthony Carey, 5th Viscount Falkland
  7. 1689–1699, Admiral Edward Russell, 1st Earl of Orford
  8. 1699–1710, Sir Thomas de Littleton
  9. 1710–1711, Robert Walpole
  10. 1711–1714, Charles Caesar
  11. 1714–1718, John Aislabie
  12. 1718–1720, Richard Hampden
  13. 1720–1724, Admiral George Byng, 1st Viscount Torrington
  14. 1724–1734, Captain Pattee Byng, 2nd Viscount Torrington
  15. 1734–1742, Arthur Onslow
  16. 1742, Thomas Clutterbuck
  17. 1742–1743, Sir Charles Wager
  18. 1743–1744, Sir John Rushout, 4th Baronet
  19. 1744–1749, George Bubb Dodington
  20. 1749–1754, Henry Legge
  21. 1754–1756, George Grenville
  22. 1756, George Bubb Dodington
  23. 1756–1762, George Grenville
  24. 1762–1765, William Wildman Barrington, 2nd Viscount Barrington
  25. 1765–1770, Rear-Admiral Richard Howe, 4th Viscount Howe
  26. 1770–1777, Sir Gilbert Elliot, Bt
  27. 1777–1782, Welbore Ellis
  28. 1782, Isaac Barre
  29. 1782–1783, Henry Dundas
  30. 1783–1784, Charles Townshend
  31. 1784-1800, Henry Dundas
  32. 1800–1801, Dudley Ryder
  33. 1801–1803, Charles Bragge
  34. 1803–1804, George Tierney
  35. 1804–1806, George Canning
  36. 1806–1807, Richard Brinsley Sheridan
  37. 1807–1818, George Rose
  38. 1818–1823, Frederick John Robinson
  39. 1823–1827, William Huskisson
  40. 1827–1828, Charles Grant
  41. 1828–1830, William Vesey Fitzgerald
  42. 1830, Thomas Frankland Lewis
  43. 1830–1834, Charles Poulett Thomson
  44. 1834–1835, William Lowther, Viscount Lowther
  45. 1835–1836,Sir Henry Parnell

Departments and Offices under Treasurer

Included:

Footnotes

  1. Mackenzie, Sir George (1 January 1821). "The Royal naval and military calendar: and national record for 1821". Google Books. Printed for the author. Retrieved 28 February 2017.
  2. Knighton, C. S.; Loades, D. M. (2011). The Navy of Edward VI and Mary I. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. p. 570. ISBN 9781409418474.
  3. Knighton, C. S.; Loades, David (2016). Elizabethan Naval Administration. Routledge. p. 5. ISBN 9781317145035.
  4. Archives, The National. "Navy Board: Navy Pay Office: Treasurer's Out-Letters". discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk. National Archives, 1807-1830, ADM 15. Retrieved 28 February 2017.
  5. Miller,, Helen Hill, (1985). Captains from Devon: the great Elizabethan seafarers who won the oceans for England. Algonquin Books of Chapel Hill. p. 33. ISBN 9780912697277.
  6. Sainty, J.C. (January 2003). "Navy Treasurer c. 1546-1836 Institute of Historical Research". www.history.ac.uk. University of London.
  7. Cock, Randolph; Rodger, N. A. M. "A Guide to the Naval Records in the National Archives" (PDF). humanities.exeter.ac.uk. University of London. p. 221. Retrieved 8 January 2019.

Bibliography