Treasurer of Marine Causes

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Office of the Treasurer of Marine Causes
Council of the Marine Flag 1545 to 1578.jpg
Admiralty Office (1528–1546)
Admiralty and Marine Affairs Office (1546–1660)
Member ofOffices of the Clerks of the Kings Marine
Council of the Marine
Reports toLord Admiral of England
NominatorLord Admiral of England
AppointerMonarch
Subject to formal approval by the King-in-Council
Term lengthNot fixed
Inaugural holderVice-Admiral Sir William Gonson
Formation1528–1660

The Treasurer of Marine Causes [1] and also known as the Paymaster of the Navy [2] was originally one of the individual Offices of the Clerks of the Kings Marine consisting of four officials individually responsible for a particular area of civil administration of the Navy Royal. By 1545 he was a principal member of the Council of the Marine. In 1660 his title was changed to a new title the Treasurer of the Navy but now a principal officer of the Navy Board. He controlled and directed the Navy Pay Office.

History

Originally established in 1524 the first post holder was William Gonson he held the office for twenty years until 1544.[3] Although a member of the board his office was semi-autonomous. The office-holder was responsible for the direction and control of Naval Finance of the Navy Royal through the Navy Pay Office.

Office Holders

Included:[4][5]

  1. Vice-Admiral, Sir William Gonson 1524–1544
  2. Captain John Wynter, 1544–1545
  3. Robert Legge, 1546–1549
  4. Benjamin Gonson. 1549–October, 1577
  5. Benjamin Gonson and Vice-Admiral John Hawkins (jointly), October–November, 1577
  6. Vice-Admiral, John Hawkins, November, 1577 - 1595
  7. Fulke Greville, 1st Baron Brooke, 1595 - 1604
  8. Vice-Admiral Sir Robert Mansell, 1604 - 1618
  9. Sir William Russell, 1618–1627
  10. Sir Sackville Crowe, 1st Baronet, 1627–1630,
  11. Sir William Russell, 1630–1639
  12. Sir William Russell and Henry Vane (jointly), 1639–1642
  13. Admiral Sir John Pennington and Sir William Russell (jointly), 1642–1654
  14. Sir Henry Vane, 1645–1650
  15. Richard Fanshawe, 1648–1650
  16. Richard Hutchinson, 1651–1660

Departments and offices under Treasurer

Included:[6]

  1. Navy Pay Office (1546-1832) This was in effect the larger part of the Treasurer of the Navy’s Department.

References

  1. Knighton, C. S.; Loades, David (2016). Elizabethan Naval Administration. Routledge. p. 5. ISBN 9781317145035.
  2. Knighton, C. S.; Loades, D. M. (2011). The Navy of Edward VI and Mary I. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. p. 570. ISBN 9781409418474.
  3. 1899-1995., Miller, Helen Hill, (1985). Captains from Devon : the great Elizabethan seafarers who won the oceans for England. Algonquin Books of Chapel Hill. p. 33. ISBN 9780912697277.
  4. Knighton, C. S.; Loades, D. M. (2011). The Navy of Edward VI and Mary I. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. p. 570. ISBN 9781409418474.
  5. Knighton, C. S.; Loades, D. M. (2011). The Navy of Edward VI and Mary I. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. p. 570. ISBN 9781409418474.
  6. Cock, Randolph; Rodger, N. A. M. "A Guide to the Naval Records in the National Archives" (PDF). humanities.exeter.ac.uk. University of London. p. 221. Retrieved 8 January 2019.

Bibliography

  1. Cock, Randolph; Rodger, N. A. M. "A Guide to the Naval Records in the National Archives" (PDF). humanities.exeter.ac.uk. University of London.
  2. Knighton, C. S.; Loades, David (2016). Elizabethan Naval Administration. Routledge. ISBN 9781317145035.
  3. Knighton, C. S.; Loades, D. M. (2011). The Navy of Edward VI and Mary I. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. ISBN 9781409418474.
  4. Miller, Helen Hill, (1995). Captains from Devon. 1899-1995 : the great Elizabethan seafarers who won the oceans for England. Algonquin Books of Chapel Hill. ISBN 9780912697277.
  5. Sainty. J.C. (2003). A provisional list: Navy Treasurer c. 1546-1836, The Institute of Historical Research (IHR), School of Advanced Study at the University of London. http://www.history.ac.uk/publications/office/navy.