Transport Department

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Transport Department
Board of Admiralty Flag 20th Century.png
Department overview
Formed1903
Preceding Department
Dissolved1921
Superseding department
JurisdictionUnited Kingdom United Kingdom
HeadquartersSomerset House, Whitehall, London
Department executive
  • Director of Transports
    (1903-1917)
Parent departmentDepartment of Admiralty

The Transport Department was established in 1903 was a the British Admiralty department and logistical branch of the Royal Navy responsible for the provision of transportation services. for the Royal Navy. It replaced the earlier Department of the Director of Transports. In March 1917 the Transport Department was incorporated into the Ministry of Shipping retaining its name, the department was would remain based at the Admiralty until 1921. The department had oversight of the Naval Transports Service.

The department was administered by a civilian head called the Director of Transports his title changed to Director of Transport and Shipping in 1917.[1]

History

The origins of the department began with the Transport Board headquartered at its Transport Office established in 1686. In 1817 the Transport Office was was abolished and its functions were divided between the Navy Board, which set up its own Transport Branch, and the Victualling Board, which took over the medical commissioner as well as setting up its own Transport Service. When the Navy and Victualling Boards were abolished in 1832 transport duties were assigned to the Department of the Comptroller of Victualling and Transport Services, but in 1862 that office was divided and a separate Director of Transports appointed. He was responsible, under the superintendence of the Fourth Naval Lord, for transporting troops and seamen and Navy and Army stores. In 1903 the department was renamed the Transport Department. In March 1917 the Transport Department was incorporated in the Ministry of Shipping as the overseeing the Naval Transports Service. In April 1921 its functions were transferred to the Mercantile Marine Department of the Board of Trade where it became the Sea Transport Department whilst the Naval Transport Service was renamed the Sea Transport Service until 1941.

Head of Department

Director of Transports

Civil Assistant Director of Transports

  1. S. J. Graff. January, 1904 - September, 1909.[2][3][4][5]
  2. Robert Gear, October, 1908.[6]

Naval Assistant to the Director of Transports

  1. Captain: W. McC. Maturin. (retired), January, 1904 - October, 1908.[7][8][9][10]
  2. Captain: Charles A. Christian, (retired), September, 1910 - April, 1915.[11]
  3. Captain: (retired) Hubert Stansbury, 1 April, 1915 – early 1917
  4. Commodore, Second Class George P. Bevan, 1 April, 1918 – November, 1919

Chief Inspector of Shipping

  1. Mr Edward G. Farrell. January, 1904 - October, 1908.[12][13][14][15][16]
Inspectors of Shipping
  1. Mr H. E. Parlett. October 1904 - October, 1908.[17][18]
  2. Mr G. H. Thomas. RN. January 1905 - February 1907.[19][20]
  3. Mr J. T. Berry June 1906, September 1908. [21][22]
  4. Mr G V Clift, June 1906 - October 1908.[23]
  5. Mr. T. H. Hooper March, 1907 - October 1908.[24]
Assistant Inspector of Shipping
  1. Mr F. H. Bevan. January, 1904 - March, 1907.[25][26][27]
  2. Mr K. P. Burgess, March, 1907.[28]

Superintending Transport Officer at Cardiff

  1. Captain: William F. Tunnard. January, 1904 - March, 1907.[29][30][31][32]

Secretariat

Superintending Clerk
  1. J. A. Strong. February, January - October, 1904 - October, 1905.[33]
Superintending Clerks
  1. Robert Gear, November, 1905-1907.[34][35][36]
  2. W. McC Hill, November 1905-1907.[37][38][39]
  3. Graeme Thompson, November 1905-1908.[40][41][42]
  4. L. F. Goldsmid, November 1908.[43]
  5. R. A. Kemball-Cook. 1908.[44]

Structure of the Transport Department

At various ports both in the United Kingdom and overseas responsibility for the provision of transportation service lay with appointed officials called a Principal Naval Transport Officer or a Divisional Naval Transport Officer these positions were often filled by a retired officer – as conditions required.

Ports and Stations UK and Ireland

  1. Avonmouth.
  2. Cardiff.
  3. Deptford.[45]
  4. Kingstown.[46]
  5. Liverpool — Admiralty Transport Officer, Liverpool.[47][48]
  6. Newcastle
  7. Newhaven.
  8. Port of London.
  9. Southampton — Admiralty Transport Officer, Southampton.[49]
  10. Thames — Admiralty Transport Officer, Thames.[50]

Ports and Stations Overseas

  1. Cape Town — Principal Transport Officer, Cape Town.[51]
  2. Cape Town — Resident Transport Officer, Cape Town.[52]
  3. Dieppe.
  4. Dunkirk.
  5. Durban — Divisional Transport Officer, Durban.[53]
  6. Mudros.
  7. New Zealand.[54]
  8. Rouen.
  9. Salonika.
  10. Taranto.

Timeline

As listed under headings in Royal Navy Lists:

  • Navy Board, Transport Board, 1686-1817
  • Navy Board, Transport Branch, 1817-1832
  • Board of Admiralty, Department of the Comptroller of Victualling and Transport Services, 1832-1862
  • Board of Admiralty, Department of the Director of Transports, 1862-1903
  • Board of Admiralty, Transport Department, 1903-1916
  • Ministry of Shipping, Transport Department, 1917-1921
  • Board of Trade, Mercantile Marine Department, Sea Transport Department, 1921-41
  • Ministry of War Transport, Sea Transport Department, 1941-1946
  • Ministry of Shipping, Sea Transport Department, 1946-1967
  • Ministry of Shipping, Sea Transport Division, 1968-1970
  • Board of Trade, Sea Transport Branch, 1970

Footnotes

  1. Admiralty, British (December 1864). "Civil Service". The Navy List. London: John Murray. pp. 244–245.
  2. Navy List, Oct. 1904. p.427.
  3. Navy List, Nov. 1905. p.536.
  4. Navy List, Jun. 1906. p.536.
  5. Navy List, Mar. 1907. p.536.
  6. Navy List, Oct. 1908. p.536.
  7. Navy List, Oct. 1904. p.427.
  8. Navy List, Nov. 1905. p.536.
  9. Navy List, Jun. 1906. p.536.
  10. Navy List, Mar. 1907. p.536.
  11. Harley and Lovell. April. 2019.
  12. Navy List, Oct. 1904. p.427.
  13. Navy List, Nov. 1905. p.536.
  14. Navy List, Jun. 1906. p.536.
  15. Navy List, Mar. 1907. p.536.
  16. Navy List, Oct. 1908. p.536.
  17. Navy List, Oct. 1904. p.427.
  18. Navy List, Oct. 1908. p.536.
  19. Navy List, Nov. 1905. p.536.
  20. Navy List, Jun. 1906. p.536.
  21. Navy List, Jun. 1906. p.536.
  22. Navy List, Mar. 1907. p.536.
  23. Navy List, Jun. 1906. p.536.
  24. Navy List, Mar. 1907. p.536.
  25. Navy List, Oct. 1904. p.427.
  26. Navy List, Nov. 1905. p.536.
  27. Navy List, Mar. 1907. p.536.
  28. Navy List, Mar. 1907. p.536.
  29. Navy List, Oct. 1904. p.427.
  30. Navy List, Nov. 1905. p.536.
  31. Navy List, Jun. 1906. p.536.
  32. Navy List, Mar. 1907. p.536.
  33. Navy List, Oct. 1904. p.427.
  34. Navy List, Nov. 1905. p.536.
  35. Navy List, Jun. 1906. p.536.
  36. Navy List, Mar. 1907. p.536.
  37. Navy List, Nov. 1905. p.536.
  38. Navy List, Jun. 1906. p.536.
  39. Navy List, Mar. 1907. p.536.
  40. Navy List, Nov. 1905. p.536.
  41. Navy List, Jun. 1906. p.536.
  42. Navy List, Mar. 1907. p.536.
  43. Navy List, Oct. 1908. p.536.
  44. Navy List, Oct. 1908. p.536.
  45. Navy List, Dec. 1864. pp.244-245.
  46. Navy List, Dec. 1864. pp.244-245.
  47. Navy List, May. 1903. p. 427.
  48. Navy List, Oct. 1904. p.427.
  49. Navy List, Oct. 1904. p.427.
  50. Navy List, Oct. 1904. p.427.
  51. Navy List, May. 1903. p. 427.
  52. Navy List, Oct. 1904. p.427.
  53. Navy List, May. 1903. p. 427.
  54. Navy List, Dec. 1864. pp.244-245.