Trade Division

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Trade Division
Ensign of the Royal Navy animated.gif
Division overview
Formed1914-1928, 1939-1961
Preceding Division
Superseding department
JurisdictionUnited Kingdom United Kingdom
HeadquartersAdmiralty, London
Division executive
  • Director of Trade Division
Parent DivisionAdmiralty Naval Staff

The Trade Division [1] was a Directorate of the British Admiralty, Naval Staff responsible for all matters in relation to U.K. Trade Defence [2] from 1914 until 1928 and then again from 1939-1961.

History

Before to 1909 responsibility for Trade Protection lay with a Trade Division that was then part of the Naval Intelligence Department until August 1909 when following restructuring within that department the division was abolished.[3] In February 1913 discussions took place to enquire about the setting up of a Trade Branch as part of the Operations Division [4] of the Admiralty War Staff. Despite recommendations put forward as to its name and remit the First Lord of the Admiralty, Winston Churchill did not agree to its creation until April 1914; he referred to it at this point as the Trade Section [5]

In August 1914 the division was formally established as part of the Admiralty War Staff when that department was abolished in May 1917 the division came under the responsibility of the Admiralty Naval Staff. In 1928 the Trade Division was abolished as part of cost savings measures with the Admiralty [6] and its functions were merged with the Plans Division.[6] The Trade Division developed rapidly from very small beginnings to one of the largest organisations within the Naval Staff under its own Assistant Chief of the Naval Staff it first operated until 1928 when it was abolished. However the division was revived again with advent of World War Two in May 1939 [6] and continued to operate through the Cold War period until 1961 when it was amalgamated with the Operations Division to form a new Trade and Operations Division in 1961.[7]

Role and Responsibilities

Included:[6]

In Command

Director of the Trade Division

Included:[8]

Division suspended from 1928 to 1939
  • Captain Maurice J. Mansergh: May 1939-April 1941
  • Captain Brian B. Schofield: April 1941-January 1943
  • Captain Reginald M. Servaes: January–February 1943
  • Captain William D. Stephens: July 1943-July 1945
  • Captain Peter Skelton: July 1945-May 1946
  • Captain Thomas L. Bratt: May 1946-April 1948
  • Captain Robert J. O.Otway-Ruthven: April 1948-May 1950
  • Captain Michael B. Laing: May 1950-June 1952
  • Captain George A.F. Norfolk: June 1952-June 1954
  • Captain Robert J. O.Otway-Ruthven: June 1954-January 1957
  • Captain Edmund T. Larken: January 1957-July 1958
  • Captain Charles W. Malins: July 1958-July 1961

Assistant Director of the Trade Division

  • Captain Charles T. Hardy, 2 June, 1918 – 7 December, 1919
  • Captain Charles J. C. Little, 23 December, 1919 – 24 May, 1920

Deputy Director of the Trade Division

Included:[9]

  • Captain George R.G. Allen: May 1939-August 1942
  • Captain Colin J.L. Bittleston: August 1942-June 1943
  • Captain Francis B. Lloyd: June–December 1943
  • Captain Peter Skelton: December 1943-July 1945

Timeline

Footnotes

  1. Friedman, Norman (2014). Naval Anti-Aircraft Guns and Gunnery. Seaforth Publishing. p. 219. ISBN 9781473853089.
  2. Haarr, Geirr H. (2013). The Gathering Storm: The Naval War in Northern Europe September 1939 - April 1940. Seaforth Publishing. p. 95. ISBN 9781473831315.
  3. Seligmann, Matthew S. (2012). The Royal Navy and the German Threat 1901-1914: Admiralty Plans to Protect British Trade in a War Against Germany. OUP Oxford. p. 155. ISBN 9780199574032.
  4. Seligmann, Matthew S. (2012). The Royal Navy and the German Threat 1901-1914: Admiralty Plans to Protect British Trade in a War Against Germany. OUP Oxford. p. 156. ISBN 9780199574032.
  5. Seligmann, Matthew S. (2012). The Royal Navy and the German Threat 1901-1914: Admiralty Plans to Protect British Trade in a War Against Germany. OUP Oxford. p. 157. ISBN 9780199574032.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 Friedman, p. 219
  7. Admiralty, British (April 1962). "Admiralty, Divisions of the Naval Staff". The Navy List. H.M. Stationery Office. p. 907.
  8. Mackie, Colin. "Royal Navy Senior Appointments from 1865". gulabin.com. Colin Mackie, p34. Retrieved 29 September 2019.
  9. Mackie. p. 34.

Bibliography

  • Black, Nicholas (2009). The British Naval Staff in the First World War. Boydell Press. ISBN 9781843834427.
  • Friedman, Norman (2014). Naval Anti-Aircraft Guns and Gunnery. Seaforth Publishing. ISBN 9781473853089.
  • Mackie, Colin. (2019). "Royal Navy Senior Appointments from 1865". gulabin.com. Colin Mackie.
  • Seligmann, Matthew S. (2012). The Royal Navy and the German Threat 1901-1914: Admiralty Plans to Protect British Trade in a War Against Germany. OUP Oxford. ISBN 9780199574032.