Third Naval Lord
|Office of the Third Naval Lord|
Ensign of the Royal Navy
|Department of the Admiralty|
|Member of||Board of Admiralty|
|Reports to||First Naval Lord|
|Nominator||First Lord of the Admiralty|
Subject to formal approval by the Queen-in-Council
|Term length||Not fixed (typically 3–4 years)|
|Formation||Third Naval Lord (1832–1868)|
Third Naval Lord and Controller of the Navy (1869–1872)
Third Naval Lord and Controller of the Navy (1882–1904)
|First holder||Rear-Admiral of the Blue: Sir Samuel Pechell|
|Final holder||Rear-Admiral: William May|
The Third Naval Lord was formerly one of the Naval Lords and members of the Board of Admiralty who controlled the British Royal Navy. The office was established in 1832 the first incumbent was Rear-Admiral of the Blue: Sir Samuel Pechell. In 1869 the post holder was given additional responsibilities for the material of the fleet and hence was given the additional title of Controller of the Navy. In 1904 this office holders title was changed to Third Sea Lord. The final office holder was Rear-Admiral William May.
The original office of Comptroller of the Navy was established in 1561 during the reign of Elizabeth I of England was a very different function from what became known later as the Controller of the Navy. He presided over the Navy Board from 1660, and generally superintended the business of the Navy Office, he was responsible for all naval spending and for the offices dealing with bills, accounts and wages during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. By the eighteenth century the principal officer responsible for estimating annual stores requirements, inspecting ships' stores and maintaining the Fleet's store-books and repair-bills was the Surveyor of the Navy however his duties passed increasingly to the Comptroller of the Navy during the latter half of this period. The office of the Surveyor did not altogether disappear. In 1805 for the first time, specific functions were assigned to each of the 'Naval' Lords, who were described as 'Professional' Lords, leaving to the civil lords to the routine business of signing off all official documents. In 1832 the Navy Board was abolished and its responsibilities were assumed by the Board of Admiralty. The Surveyor of the Navy was made responsible under the First Naval Lord for the material departments of the Admiralty. In the same year the office of the Third Naval Lord was created that was a separate and distinct role to that of the Surveyors. In 1859 the office the Surveyor of the Navy who had overall responsibility for ship design was renamed and the post became known as the Controller of the Navy. In 1869 the Third Naval Lord was assigned the responsibity for the matriel for the fleet and was given the additional title Controller of the Navy. The office existed until 1904 when it was altered to Third Sea Lord.
- Rear-Admiral of the Blue: Sir Samuel Pechell, 1832–1834
- Vice-Admiral of the Blue: Sir Charles Rowley, 1834–1835
- Rear-Admiral of the Blue: Hon. George Elliot, 1835–1837
- Rear-Admiral of the Blue: Sir Edward Troubridge. 1837–1841
- Rear-Admiral of the Blue: Sir Samuel Pechell 1841
- Rear-Admiral of the Blue: Sir George Seymour 1841–1844
- Rear-Admiral of the Blue: Sir William Bowles, 1844–1846
- Rear Admiral Sir Maurice Berkeley 1846–1847
- Rear Admiral Lord John Hay 1847–1850
- Rear Admiral Sir Houston Stewart 1850–1852
- Rear Admiral Sir James Stirling 1852
- Rear Admiral Sir Thomas Herbert 1852–1853
- Rear Admiral Sir Richard Dundas 1853–1854
- Rear Admiral Sir Peter Richards 1854–1857
- Rear Admiral Henry Eden 1857
- Rear Admiral Sir Alexander Milne 1857–1859
- Rear Admiral Sir Henry Leeke 1859
- Rear Admiral Sir Charles Eden 1859–1861
- Rear Admiral Charles Frederick 1861–1865
- Rear Admiral Sir Edward Fanshawe 1865–1866
- Rear Admiral Henry Seymour 1866–1868.
- Admiral Sir Robert Robinson, 1869–1871
- Captain Robert Hall, 1871–1872
- Vice-Admiral Thomas Brandreth, 1882–1886
- Vice-Admiral Sir William Graham, 1886–1888
- Vice-Admiral John Hopkins, 1888–1892
- Vice-Admiral Sir John Fisher, 1892–1897
- Rear-Admiral Arthur Wilson, 1897–1901
- Rear-Admiral William May, 1901–1904
- "Navy Board, In-Letters And Orders, 1688-1815 - National Maritime Museum". collections.rmg.co.uk. Royal Museum Greenwich. Retrieved 6 June 2017.
- "Sainty, JC, Lord High Admiral and Commissioners of the Admiralty 1660-1870', Office-Holders in Modern Britain: Volume 4: Admiralty Officials 1660-1870 (1975), pp. 18-31". Archived from the original on 7 October 2014. Retrieved 4 September 2009.
- Archives, The National. "Records of the Surveyor of the Navy and successors". discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk. National Archives, 1620-1979. Retrieved 5 June 2017.30px This section contains text from this source, which is available under the Open Government Licence v3.0. © Crown copyright.
- Archives, The National. "Records of the Surveyor of the Navy and successors". discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk. National Archives, 1620-1979. Retrieved 5 June 2017.