Style (manner of address)
A style of office, honorific or manner/form of address, is an official or legally recognized form of address, and may often be used in conjunction with a title. A style, by tradition or law, precedes a reference to a person who holds a post or political office, and is sometimes used to refer to the office itself. An honorific can also be awarded to an individual in a personal capacity. Such styles are particularly associated with monarchies, where they may be used by a wife of an office holder or of a prince of the blood, for the duration of their marriage. They are also almost universally used for presidents in republics and in many countries for members of legislative bodies, higher-ranking judges and senior constitutional office holders. Leading religious figures also have styles.
Kingdom of England, Great Britain and United Kingdom
- Her Grace: — (oral address Your Grace or Duchess) – Duchesss.
- Her Majesty: — for a female monarch (Queen), oral address Your Majesty. e.g. Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II.
- His Majesty: — for a male monarch (King), oral address Your Majesty. e.g. His Majesty King George VI.
- His Grace: — (oral address Your Grace or Archbishops) – Archbishopss, e.g. His Grace the Archbishop of Canterbury, the Archbishop of York.
- His Grace: — (oral address Your Grace or Duke) – Dukes. e.g. His Grace the Duke of Westminster.
- Her Royal Highness: — for Royal Princesses, oral address Your Royal Highness. e.g. Her Royal Highness the Duchess Cambridge.
- His Royal Highness: — for Royal Princes, oral address Your Royal Highness. e.g. His Royal Highness the Duke of Cambridge.
- His Worship: — is an honorific prefix for mayors, Justices of the Peace and magistrates in present or former Commonwealth realms
- The Honorable: — (abbreviation The Hon., oral address)
- The Honourable – younger sons of Earls, all children of Viscounts and Barons/Lords of Parliament
- The Honourable Mr. Justice (male): — referential His Lordship; oral address My Lord or Your Lordship) – Judges of the High Court of Justice of England and Wales.
- The Honourable Ms. Justice (female): — referential Her Ladyship; oral address My Lady or Your Ladyship) – Judges of the High Court of Justice of England and Wales.
- Lord: — for male marquesses, earls, viscounts, and barons, as well as some of the fruit-of-their-loins. (Style: Your Lordship or My Lord).
- Lady: — for females married to knights. The title is also used for the wives of marquesses, earls, viscounts, and barons.
- Sir: — for males, formally if they have an English or British knighthood or if they are a baronet.
- The Lord/The Lady/Baroness: X (abbreviated to Lord/Lady/Baroness X, referred to as His Lordship/Her Ladyship, addressed orally as My Lord/My Lady) – Judges in the High Court of Justiciary and the Court of Session in Scotland, and the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom.
- The Right Honourable: — signifies membership of the Privy Council of the United Kingdom, but does not confer any other title, and is also a formal style of address for certain holders of peerages, namely Earls, Viscounts, Barons, and Lords of Parliament.
- The Right Honourable and Reverend — as the previous explanation, used if the holder is also an ordained clergyman (parliamentary usage).
- The Right Honourable: — the Spiritual and Temporal Lords (of the Kingdom of England in the House of Lords.
- The Right Honourable — the Lord-Commissioners of the Board of Admiralty.
- The Right Honourable Lord/Lady Justice X: — (abbreviation X LJ) – Judge of the Court of Appeal of England and Wales.
- The Most Honourable: — The Lords of His Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council.
- The Much Honoured: — Scottish Feudal Barons and Lairds