Southampton

From Naval History Archive
Jump to navigationJump to search
Southampton
HMS Victory (1919-23) HMS President (1930-38) HMS Victory V (1939-42) HMS Shrapnel (1942-45)
Ensign of the Royal Navy animated.gif
Active1337-
AllegianceBritish Empire
BranchRoyal Navy
TypeStation
Garrison/HQSouthampton, England.

Southampton was a naval base and local command of the Royal Navy as one of the geographical divisions into which the Royal Navy divided its worldwide responsibilities. The Port of Southampton is a major passenger and cargo port located in the central part of the south coast of England. It has been an important port since the Roman occupation of Britain nearly two thousand years ago, and has a multifaceted history. From the Middle Ages to the end of the 20th century, it was a centre for naval shipbuilding and a departure point for soldiers going to war.

History

In the Middle Ages Southampton became a military port and was used to transport English troops to France, during the One Hundred Years War, which took place from 1337 to 1453. At this time the port thrived as a ship building site, producing ships to transport English troops across the channel. Typically Medieval ship-builders favoured ‘round ships,’ which were powered by sail or oar, sometimes ships had both in case the wind was not strong enough to propel them across the water’s surface.[1]

During the One Hundred Years War, Southampton became the third most important port in the country, after London and Bristol. This was due to its sheer industrial power, scale, and its central location. In the 16th and 17th centuries, trade to and from Southampton dwindled and the port grew quiet until the late 18th century.[2]

During the Napoleonic wars Southampton prospered because of the soldiers passing through on their way abroad. They spent lots of money in the town. by the early 19th century many new shipyards were built along the Itchen. From the 1880's North Atlantic trade increased and in 1907 White Star transatlantic liners moved to Southampton. New docks for ships were built in the years 1890-1911. In 1919 Cunard made Southampton the terminus of their New York service. Southampton today operates as as a commercial port.[3]

In Command

Principal Naval Transport Officer, Southampton (1914-21)

  1. Captain (retired) Hubert Stansbury, 1 August, 1914 – 1 April, 1915
  2. Captain (retired) William B. S. Wrey, 1 April, 1915 – 15 August, 1919
  3. Captain (retired) Hubert Stansbury, 15 August, 1919 – 15 November, 1919
  4. Captain (retired) Hubert Stansbury, before January, 1921

Divisional Naval Transport Officer, Southampton (1914-19)

  1. Captain (retired) William B. S. Wrey, 1 August, 1914 – 1 April, 1915
  2. Commander (retired) John B. Hancock, 1 August, 1914 – April, 1915
  3. Acting Captain (retired) Alfred G. Alston, 5 April, 1915 – 1 February, 1916
  4. Acting Captain Henry V. Simpson, 20 March, 1916 – 10 November, 1916
  5. Acting Captain (retired) Herbert M. Perfect, 10 November, 1916 – 8 September, 1919

Senior Naval Officer, Southampton (1919-23)

  1. Captain Fawcett Ray, 1 January, 1920 - 15 November, 1922.[4][5]
  2. Captain Percival H. Hall-Thompson, 15 November, 1922 - January, 1923.[6]

Liaison Officer Naval Reserve & Merchant Navy Duties, Southampton (1930-1938)

  1. Commander. N.M.F. Corbett, 3 November, 1930 – 12 December, 1933.[7] [8]
  2. Commander. R. A. Jackson, 12 December, 1933 – 16 March,1936.[9]
  3. Commander the Hon. W. S. Carson, 16 March,1936 – July, 1937.[10]

Flag Officer-in-Command, Southampton (1938-42)

Flag Officer-in-Charge, Southampton (1942-45)

References

  1. Lambert, Tim (2001–2019). "A History of Southampton". www.localhistories.org. T. Lambert. Retrieved 2 July 2019.
  2. Lambert
  3. Lambert
  4. Admiralty, British. (July 1920). The Navy List. Flag Officers in Commission. H.M.S.O. London. p.694.
  5. Admiralty, British. (Oct 1921). The Navy List. Flag Officers in Commission. H.M.S.O. London. p.694.
  6. Admiralty, British. (Jan 1923). The Navy List. Flag Officers in Commission. H.M.S.O. London. p.694.
  7. Admiralty, British. (Jul 1931). The Navy List. Flag Officers in Commission. H.M.S.O. London. p.197.
  8. Admiralty, British. (Jan 1933). The Navy List. Flag Officers in Commission. H.M.S.O. London. p.196.
  9. Admiralty, British. (Oct 1935). The Navy List. Flag Officers in Commission. H.M.S.O. London. p.196.
  10. Admiralty, British. (Jul 1937). The Navy List. Flag Officers in Commission. H.M.S.O. London. p.196.

Bibliography

  1. Lambert, Tim (2001–2019). "A History of Southampton". www.localhistories.org. T. Lambert. Retrieved 2 July 2019.