South China Sea

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Location of the South China Sea

The South China Sea is an ocean region in the south of China. It is a part of the Pacific Ocean.

The sea and its islands and reefs are claimed by many nations, including China, Vietnam, the Philippines, Malaysia and Brunei.[1] These claims are mirrored in the many names used for the islands and the sea.


The South China Sea runs from Singapore to the Taiwan Strait The sea has an area of around 3,500,000 km². It is located in the western arm of the Pacific Ocean. It is one of the largest seas after the five oceans. There are hundreds of small South China Sea Islands. As a group, these islands are called an archipelago. Some of the bigger islands have people living on them. They are inhabited. Most of the islands are small and uninhabited.


  1. "Stirring up the South China Sea (II): Regional Responses," Asia Report N°229, 24 July 2012; retrieved 18 October 2019.