South Atlantic Station
|South Atlantic Station|
|Part of||Department of Admiralty|
|Garrison/HQ||Freetown, Simonstown, and Port Stanley|
The South Atlantic Station also known as South Atlantic Command was a major naval command area established in 1939 as one of the geographical divisions into which the Royal Navy divided its worldwide responsibilities. It was defined so by the Department of Admiralty to identify the area jurisdiction of the Commander-in-Chief, South Atlantic. Due to a change in area command. It replaced the former Africa Station and existed until 1958 when it too was superseded by the South Atlantic and South America Station.
Although the South Atlantic and Pacific Station briefly existed in the First World War, the South Atlantic Station had a more substantial existence during and after the Second World War having been created from the Africa Station. Its' area of responsibility covered the Atlantic Ocean south of a line drawn between the northern French West African (now Mauritanian) border and French Guiana and the Southern Ocean and Indian Ocean east of a line drawn south from the western entrance to the Magellan Strait and west of a line drawn south from the South African/ Mozambican border. The South Atlantic Station had bases at Freetown, Simonstown, and Port Stanley. In 1958 it was replaced by the South Atlantic and South America Station which in turn was absorbed into the Western Fleet in 1967 when that Command assumed responsibility for all ships "West of Suez".
Commander-in-Chief, South Atlantic
Components under this command
The station encompassed a number of shore establishments and naval formations and other ships not attached to other fleets.
|1.||6th Cruiser Squadron||1939–1945|
|2.||9th Cruiser Squadron||1939–1940|
|3.||7th Frigate Squadron||1951–1967|
|4.||7th Submarine Flotilla||1939|
|5.||Destroyer Division 4||1939|
|6.||Gambia Naval Volunteer Force||1939|
|7.||Gold Coast Naval Volunteer Force||1939|
|8.||South African Division||1913–1939|
|9.||South American Division||1921–1940|
Naval Bases & Ports
Naval Shore Establishments
|2.||Simonstown Dockyard||1795 – 1957|
|3.||Royal Naval Hospital, Simonstown||1813-1957|
|4.||Royal Navy Torpedo Depot, Simonstown||?|
|5.||Victualling Yard, Simonstown||1814 – 1940|
|6.||Victualling Depot, Simonstown||1941 – 1957|
- Bishop, Chris (15 September 2014). The illustrated encyclopedia of weapons of World War II : a comprehensive guide to weapons systems, including tanks, small arms, warplanes, artillery, ships, and submarines. London: Amber Books Ltd. p. 376. ISBN 9781782741671.
- Niehorster, Dr. Leo. (4 May 2016). "South Atlantic Command, Royal Navy, 3.09.39". niehorster.org. L. Niehorster. Retrieved 5 November 2019.