South Atlantic Station

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South Atlantic Station
Ensign of the Royal Navy animated.gif
Active1939-1958
CountryUnited Kingdom
AllegianceBritish Empire
BranchRoyal Navy
TypeStation
Part ofDepartment of Admiralty
Garrison/HQFreetown, Simonstown, and Port Stanley

The South Atlantic Station also known as South Atlantic Command[1] was a major naval command area established in 1939 as one of the geographical divisions into which the Royal Navy divided its worldwide responsibilities. It was defined so by the Department of Admiralty to identify the area jurisdiction of the Commander-in-Chief, South Atlantic. Due to a change in area command. It replaced the former Africa Station and existed until 1958 when it too was superseded by the South Atlantic and South America Station.

History

Although the South Atlantic and Pacific Station briefly existed in the First World War, the South Atlantic Station had a more substantial existence during and after the Second World War having been created from the Africa Station. Its' area of responsibility covered the Atlantic Ocean south of a line drawn between the northern French West African (now Mauritanian) border and French Guiana and the Southern Ocean and Indian Ocean east of a line drawn south from the western entrance to the Magellan Strait and west of a line drawn south from the South African/ Mozambican border. The South Atlantic Station had bases at Freetown, Simonstown, and Port Stanley. In 1958 it was replaced by the South Atlantic and South America Station which in turn was absorbed into the Western Fleet in 1967 when that Command assumed responsibility for all ships "West of Suez".

In Command

Naval Command Area's September 1939 showing the South Atlantic Station.

Commander-in-Chief, South Atlantic

Components under this command

The station encompassed a number of shore establishments and naval formations and other ships not attached to other fleets.

Naval Forces

Included:[2]

# Name Active
1. 6th Cruiser Squadron 1939–1945
2. 9th Cruiser Squadron 1939–1940
3. 7th Frigate Squadron 1951–1967
4. 7th Submarine Flotilla 1939
5. Destroyer Division 4 1939
6. Gambia Naval Volunteer Force 1939
7. Gold Coast Naval Volunteer Force 1939
8. South African Division 1913–1939
9. South American Division 1921–1940

Naval Bases & Ports

# Stations Active
1. Bathhurst 1942-1944
2. Durban 1942-1948
3. Falkland Islands 1939-1946
4. Freetown 1939-1944, 1945-1946
5. Lagos 1941-1944, 1945-1946
6. Simonstown 1939-1958
7. Takoradi 1944 1945-1946

Naval Shore Establishments

# Name Active
1. Port Stanley ?
2. Simonstown Dockyard 1795 – 1957
3. Royal Naval Hospital, Simonstown 1813-1957
4. Royal Navy Torpedo Depot, Simonstown ?
5. Victualling Yard, Simonstown 1814 – 1940
6. Victualling Depot, Simonstown 1941 – 1957

Footnotes

  1. Bishop, Chris (15 September 2014). The illustrated encyclopedia of weapons of World War II : a comprehensive guide to weapons systems, including tanks, small arms, warplanes, artillery, ships, and submarines. London: Amber Books Ltd. p. 376. ISBN 9781782741671.
  2. Niehorster, Dr. Leo. (4 May 2016). "South Atlantic Command, Royal Navy, 3.09.39". niehorster.org. L. Niehorster. Retrieved 5 November 2019.