Shanghai

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HM Naval Base, Shanghai
HMS Bee,(1921-38)
HMS Tamar,(1938-41)
Ensign of the Royal Navy animated.gif
Active1914-1941
CountryUnited Kingdom
AllegianceBritish Empire
BranchRoyal Navy
Typesubcommand
RoleNaval Base
Part ofChina Station
Garrison/HQRN Base, Shanghai
Commanders
FirstCaptain Matthew S. Nolloth.
LastCaptain Andrew K. Steele.

Shanghai was a base of operations and naval command of the British Royal Navy established in 1914 and was deactivated in 1941.

History

During the 1920s, the British Empire still had considerable interests in China, which had been built up after Britain had forced open China’s borders to western merchants through the Opium Wars of 1839-42 and 1856-60. China was not just an economic concern for the British Empire, however, with the country representing a vital tile in the jigsaw of Britain’s global grand defensive strategy.

During the interwar period, the Royal Navy maintained a single fleet north-east of Singapore, patrolling Britain’s most exposed outposts of Empire. As one of a global chain of naval commands, the China Station played a vital role in enabling Britain to project its power around East Asia and the western Pacific Rim until 1941 when that command was abolished and moved its fleet to Trincomalee, Ceylon in the Indian Ocean.

In Command

General Staff Officer, Shanghai (1914-19)

  1. Major G. H. F. Abraham R.M., May 1919 – 1 September 1919.

Naval Agent, Shanghai (1919-21)

  1. Paymaster-Commander H. A. D. J. Gyles, 1 September 1919 – June 1921.[1]

Resident Naval Officer, Shanghai (1921-41)

  1. Paymaster-Commander J. M. L. Cussack, 15 January, 1925 – 11 October, 1927.[2]
  2. Paymaster-Commander G. H. Thompson OBE, 11 October, 1927 – 9 March, 1930.[3]
  3. Paymaster-Commander G. A. Whitting, 9 March, 1930 – 27 October, 1933.[4]
  4. Paymaster-Commander H. L. Shaw, 27 October, 1933 – 12 April, 1935.[5]
  5. Paymaster-Commander C. A. Bowen, 12 April, 1935 – 29 January, 1938.[6]
  6. Paymaster-Commander E. L. Jolley, 29 January, 1938 – 25 December, 1938.[7]
  7. Paymaster-Commander J. H. Kennedy, 25 December, 1938 – December, 1941.[8]

References

  1. "Naval Agent at Shanghai." The Times (London, England), Wednesday, June 8, 1921, Issue 42741, p.21.
  2. Admiralty, British (January 1928). "Flag Officers in Commission". The Navy List. London: H.M.S.O. p. 200.
  3. Admiralty, British (February 1929). "Flag Officers in Commission". The Navy List. London: H.M.S.O. p. 200.
  4. Admiralty, British (January 1933). "Flag Officers in Commission". The Navy List. London: H.M.S.O. p. 198.
  5. Admiralty, British (July 1934). "Flag Officers in Commission". The Navy List. London: H.M.S.O. p. 199.
  6. Admiralty, British (July 1937). "Flag Officers in Commission". The Navy List. London: H.M.S.O. p. 199.
  7. Admiralty, British (August 1939). "Flag Officers in Commission". The Navy List. London: H.M.S.O. p. 199.
  8. Admiralty, British (August 1939). "Flag Officers in Commission". The Navy List. London: H.M.S.O. p. 1197.