Northern Department

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Northern Department
Coat of Arms of Great Britain (1714-1801).svg
Department overview
Formed1660
Dissolved1782
Superseding department
JurisdictionKingdom of Great Britain
Minister responsible
Parent DepartmentHM Government

The Northern Department was a department of the government of the Kingdom of England and later the Kingdom of Great Britain from 1660 until 1782 when its functions were reorganised into the new Home Office and Foreign Office.[1]

History

The department was responsible for dealing with government business in the northern part of Europe. This included foreign affairs concerning such northern powers as Russia, Sweden, Denmark, the Netherlands and the Holy Roman Empire. It was administered by the Secretary of State for the Northern Department.

The Northern Department's opposite number within government was the Southern Department, responsible (as its name suggests) for affairs in southern Europe as well as domestic and colonial affairs.

In 1782, the Northern and Southern Departments were reorganized, with the Foreign Office taking over their foreign affairs responsibilities and Home Office taking over their domestic affairs responsibilities.

Head of Department

The Secretary of State for the Northern Department was a position in the Cabinet of the government of England (1660-1707) then Great Britain up to (1707-1782), when the Northern Department became the Foreign Office.

Secretary of State for the Northern Department

  1. Sir William Morice: 27 May 1660 – 29 September 1668
  2. Sir John Trevor: 29 September 1668 – 8 July 1672
  3. Hon.Henry Coventry 3 July 1672 – 11 September 1674
  4. Sir Joseph Williamson: 11 September 1674 – 20 February 1679
  5. Robert Spencer, 2nd Earl of Sunderland: 10 February 1679 – 26 April 1680
  6. Sir Leoline Jenkins: 26 April 1680 – 2 February 1681
  7. Edward Conway, 1st Earl of Conway: 2 February 1681 – January 1683
  8. Robert Spencer, 2nd Earl of Sunderland: 28 January 1683–1684
  9. Sidney Godolphin: 17 April 1684 – 24 August 1684
  10. Charles Middleton, 2nd Earl of Middleton: 24 August 1684 – 28 October 1688
  11. Richard Graham, 1st Viscount Preston: 29 October 1688 – 2 December 1688
  12. Daniel Finch, 2nd Earl of Nottingham: 5 March 1689 – 26 December 1690
  13. Henry Sydney, 1st Viscount Sydney of Sheppey: 26 December 1690 – 3 March 1692
  14. Sir John Trenchard: 23 March 1693 – 2 March 1694
  15. Charles Talbot, 1st Duke of Shrewsbury: 2 March 1694 – 3 May 1695
  16. Sir William Trumbull: 3 May 1695 – 2 December 1697
  17. James Vernon: 2 December 1697 – 5 November 1700
  18. Sir Charles Hedges: 5 November 1700 – 29 December 1701
  19. James Vernon: 4 January 1702 – 1 May 1702
  20. Sir Charles Hedges: 2 May 1702 – 18 May 1704
  21. Robert Harley: 16 May 1704 – 13 February 1708
  22. Hon.Henry Boyle: 13 February 1708 – 21 September 1710
  23. Henry St John, 1st Viscount Bolingbroke: 21 September 1710 – 17 August 1713
  24. William Bromley: 17 August 1713 – 17 September 1714
  25. Charles Townshend, 2nd Viscount Townshend: 17 September 1714 – 12 December 1716
  26. Charles Spencer, 3rd Earl of Sunderland: 12 April 1717 – 2 March 1718
  27. James Stanhope, 1st Earl Stanhope: 19 March 1718 – 4 February 1721
  28. Charles Townshend, 2nd Viscount Townshend: 6 February 1721 – 16 May 1730
  29. William Stanhope, 1st Lord Harrington: 19 June 1730 – 12 February 1742
  30. John Carteret, 2nd Lord Carteret: 12 February 1742 – 24 November 1744
  31. William Stanhope, 1st Earl of Harrington: 24 November 1744 – January 1746
  32. Earl Granville: 12 February 1746 – March 1746, created Earl Granville, as sole Secretary
  33. William Stanhope, 1st Earl of Harrington: March 1746 – 19 October 1746
  34. Philip Dormer Stanhope, 4th Earl of Chesterfield: 29 October 1746 – 6 February 1748
  35. Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle: 6 February 1748 – 23 March 1754
  36. Robert Darcy, 4th Earl of Holdernesse: April 1757 – June 1757 as sole Secretary
  37. John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Bute: 25 March 1761 – 27 May 1762
  38. George Grenville: 5 June 1762 – 9 October 1762
  39. George Montague-Dunk, 2nd Earl of Halifax: 14 October 1762 – 9 September 1763
  40. John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich: 9 September 1763 – 10 July 1765 & George Montague-Dunk, 2nd Earl of Halifax: 9 September 1763 – 12 July 1765 (joint).
  41. Augustus Henry Fitzroy, 3rd Duke of Grafton: 12 July 1765 – 14 May 1766
  42. Henry Seymour Conway: 23 May 1766 – 20 January 1768
  43. Thomas Thynne, 3rd Viscount Weymouth 20 January 1768 – 21 October 1768
  44. William Nassau de Zuylestein, 4th Earl of Rochford: 21 October 1768 – 19 December 1770
  45. John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich: 19 December 1770 – 12 January 1771
  46. George Montague-Dunk, 2nd Earl of Halifax: 22 January 1771 – 6 June 1771
  47. Henry Howard, 12th Earl of Suffolk: 12 June 1771 – 7 March 1779
  48. David Murray, 7th Viscount Stormont: 27 October 1779 – 27 March 1782

References

  1. Sainty, J. C. "Lists of appointments British History Online". www.british-history.ac.uk. Originally published by University of London, London, 1973. Retrieved 25 July 2019.