Royal Naval College, Greenwich

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Royal Naval College, Greenwich
Flag of the the Navy Board 1975 to 2003.png
Active1873–1998
Country United Kingdom
Branch Royal Navy
TypeTraining Establishment
RoleAdvanced Officer Training

The Royal Naval College, Greenwich, was a Royal Navy training establishment between 1873 and 1998, providing courses for naval officers. It was the home of the Royal Navy's staff college, which provided advanced training for officers.

History

Old Royal Naval College Greenwich in 2007

The Royal Naval College, Greenwich, was founded by an Order in Council dated 16 January 1873. The establishment of its officers consisted of a President, who was always a Flag Officer; a Captain, Royal Navy; a Director of Studies; and Professors of Mathematics, Physical Science, Chemistry, Applied Mechanics, and Fortification. It was to take in officers who were already Sub-Lieutenants and to operate as "the university of the Navy".[1] The Director of Studies, a civilian, was in charge of an Academic Board, while the Captain of the College was a naval officer who acted as chief of staff.[2]

The Royal Naval War College, which had been established at Portsmouth in November 1900, transferred its activities to the college at Greenwich in 1914.[3] During the First World War the Royal Naval College was requisitioned as a barracks and for scientific experiments. The training of officers was not resumed until 1919.[4]

On 30 October 1939 the college began to train officers of the Women's Royal Naval Service.[5] During the Second World War, the College increased the number of officers of both sexes trained for an expanded Navy. Its major task was the training of fighting officers, and around 35,000 men and women graduated during that period. In 1943, the beautiful Admiral's House on the north wing of King Charles Court was damaged by a direct hit from a German bomb; another bomb hit the front of the building.[6]

The Navy's Department of Nuclear Science and Technology opened on the college premises in 1959, and JASON, the department's research and training reactor, was commissioned in the King William building in 1962.[7]

In 1967 Queen Elizabeth II knighted Francis Chichester on the river steps of the College, honouring his achievement in circumnavigating the world as a solo yachtsman, using the old route of the clippers, becoming the first to do so. His was also the fastest such circumnavigation, taking nine months and one day.[8]

The Royal School of Naval Architecture, which had been part of the College since 1873, transferred to University College London in 1967.[9] The Royal Naval College continued to train women until 1976, when their courses were transferred to the Britannia Royal Naval College.[10]

From 1983 the relocated Joint Services Defence College also occupied much of the King Charles building.[11] With a shrinking Royal Navy, the decision was taken to close RNC Greenwich in 1998. All initial officer training is now carried out at the Britannia Royal Naval College,[12] and the new Joint Services Command and Staff College, created in 1997, took over the staff college functions.[13]

In Command of the College

Admiral President, Royal Naval College, Greenwich

Included:

  1. Vice-Admiral Sir Astley Cooper Key (1873–1875)
  2. Admiral Sir Edward Gennys Fanshawe (1875–1878)
  3. Admiral Sir Charles Frederick Alexander Shadwell (1878–1881)
  4. Admiral Sir Geoffrey Phipps Hornby (1881–1882)
  5. Admiral William Garnham Luard (1882–1885)
  6. Vice-Admiral Sir Thomas Brandreth (1885–1888)
  7. Admiral Sir William Graham (1888–1891)
  8. Admiral Sir Richard Vesey Hamilton (1891–1894)
  9. Admiral Sir Walter James Hunt-Grubbe (1894–1897)
  10. Admiral Sir Richard Tracey (1897–1900)
  11. Admiral Sir Robert More-Molyneux (1900–1903)
  12. Admiral Sir Robert Hastings Penruddock Harris (1903–1906)
  13. Admiral Sir Arthur Dalrymple Fanshawe (1906–1908)
  14. Admiral Sir John Durnford (1908–1911)
  15. Admiral Sir Frederic William Fisher (1911–1914)
  16. Vice-Admiral The Hon. Sir Alexander Edward Bethell (1914–1915)
  17. Vice-Admiral Sir Lewis Bayly (1915–1916)
  18. Admiral Sir Henry Bradwardine Jackson (1916–1919)
  19. Vice-Admiral Sir William Christopher Pakenham (1919–1920)
  20. Vice-Admiral Sir Frederick Tudor (1920–1922)
  21. Rear-Admiral Herbert Richmond (1922–1923)
  22. Admiral Sir George Hope (1923–1926)
  23. Admiral Sir Richard Webb (1926–1929)
  24. Vice-Admiral John McClintock (1929)
  25. Vice-Admiral Sir William Henry Dudley Boyle (1929–1932)
  26. Vice-Admiral Sir Barry Domvile (1932–1934)
  27. Vice-Admiral Sir Ragnar Colvin (1934–1937)
  28. Vice-Admiral Sir Sidney Bailey (1937–1938)
  29. Vice-Admiral Sir Charles Kennedy-Purvis (1938–1940)
  30. Vacant (1940–1943)[14]
  31. Commodore Augustus Agar (1943–1946)[15]
  32. Vice-Admiral Sir Patrick Brind (1946–1948)
  33. Vice-Admiral Geoffrey Oliver (1948–1950)
  34. Admiral Sir Harold Kinahan (1950–1952)
  35. Vice-Admiral Sir Aubrey Mansergh (1952–1954)
  36. Admiral Sir William Andrewes (1954–1956)
  37. Vice-Admiral Sir Geoffrey Barnard (1956–1958)
  38. Rear-Admiral David Cairns, 5th Earl Cairns (1958–1961)[16]
  39. Rear-Admiral Sir Alexander Gordon-Lennox (1961–1962)[17]
  40. Rear-Admiral Morgan Morgan-Giles (1962–1964)
  41. Vice-Admiral Sir Ian Lachlan Mackay McGeoch (1964–1965)[18]
  42. Rear-Admiral Patrick Bayly (1965–1967)
  43. Vice-Admiral Sir Horace Lyddon (1967–1968)
  44. Rear-Admiral Edward Gueritz (1968–1970)
  45. Rear-Admiral Martin Noel Lucey (1970–1972)[19]
  46. Rear-Admiral Edward William Ellis (1972–1974)[20]
  47. Rear-Admiral Derek Willoughby Bazalgette (1974–1976)[21]
  48. Rear-Admiral Charles Weston (1976–1978)
  49. Rear-Admiral Anthony John Cooke (1978–1980)[22]
  50. Rear-Admiral John Hildred Carlill (1980–1982)[23]
  51. Admiral Sir Simon Cassels (1982–1986)[24]
  52. Admiral Sir Richard George Alison Fitch (1986–1988)[25]
  53. Admiral Sir Brian Brown (1988–1991)[26]
  54. Admiral Sir Michael Livesay (1991–1993)[27]
  55. Admiral Sir Michael Henry Gordon Layard (1993–1994)[28]
  56. Admiral Sir John Richard Brigstocke (1994–1995)[29]
  57. Vice-Admiral Sir Jeremy Joe Blackham (1995–1997)[30]

Director of Studies, Royal Naval College, Greenwich

Included:[31]

  1. Thomas A. Hirst, 1 February, 1873.
  2. William D. Niven, 1882 – 1903.

Director of the Staff College, Royal Naval College, Greenwich

Included:[32]

  1. Captain Robert H. T. Raikes, 2 May, 1932 – 20 June, 1934.

Captain of the Royal Naval College, Greenwich

Included:[33]

  1. Captain Francis Durrant, 30 September, 1877 – 23 February, 1879
  2. Captain Compton E. Domvile, 1 May, 1877
  3. Captain Compton E. Domvile, August, 1883 – November, 1885
  4. Captain Atwell P. MacL. Lake, 1 February, 1889 – 7 January, 1892 (lent out twice for manoeuvres)
  5. Captain Robert W. Stopford, 7 January, 1892 – 7 January, 1895
  6. Captain John Durnford, 7 January, 1895
  7. Captain John P. Pipon, 12 November, 1895 – 13 January, 1898
  8. Captain Spencer H. M. Login, 23 September, 1898 – 17 September, 1900
  9. Rear-Admiral Henry J. May, 18 September, 1900
  10. Captain Edmond J. W. Slade, 13 May, 1904
  11. Captain Edward C. Villiers, 8 October, 1906
  12. Captain Edward H. Moubray, 8 December, 1908 – 8 December, 1910
  13. Captain Herbert J. O. Millar, 8 December, 1910 – 8 December, 1912
  14. Captain William F. Slayter, 8 December, 1912 – 3 August, 1914
  15. Rear-Admiral (Retired) Edmund P. F. Jervoise, August, 1914 – 1 July, 1919
  16. Captain Percy M. R. Royds, 1 July, 1919 – 1 October, 1920
  17. Captain George T. C. P. Swabey, 1 October, 1924 – 18 June, 1926
  18. Captain Kenelm E. L. Creighton, – 1 January, 1930
  19. Captain Richard Hayden O. Lane-Poole, 1 January, 1930 – 31 August, 1931
  20. Captain Hamilton C. Allen, 31 August, 1931 – 29 September, 1933
  21. Captain Henry H. Bousfield, 15 August, 1935 – 20 September, 1937
  22. Captain Louis H. K. Hamilton, 20 September, 1937 – 25 August, 1939

References

  1. J. R. Hill, Bryan Ranft, The Oxford Illustrated History of the Royal Navy (2002), p. 269
  2. Geoffrey Till, Bryan Ranft, The Development of British Naval Thinking (2006)
  3. Hazell's Annual 1914, p. 143
  4. Kevin Littlewood, Beverley Butler, Of Ships and Stars: Maritime Heritage and the Founding of the National Maritime Museum (1998), p. 43
  5. Marjorie H. Fletcher, The WRNS: A History of the Women's Royal Naval Service (1989), p. 115
  6. The Greenwich Foundation for the Old Royal Naval College
  7. Jason casts a cloud over naval college sale in The Independent dated 22 October 1995
  8. 1967: Sir Francis Chichester sails home at BBC.co.uk
  9. J. R. Parkinson, The Economics of Shipbuilding in the United Kingdom (2011), p. 5
  10. Wrens: History
  11. National Maritime Museum Archive
  12. Robert Shannan Peckham, Rethinking Heritage: Cultures and Politics in Europe (2003), p. 18
  13. Ian F. W. Beckett, Discovering British Regimental Traditions (Osprey Publishing, 2007), p. 58
  14. Note: The duties of Admiral President would have carried out by the Captain of the College, Captain John Cecil Davis, during these War years
  15. 'Agar, Captain Augustus Willington Shelton', in Who Was Who 1961–1970 (London: A. & C. Black, 1979 reprint, ISBN 0-7136-2008-0)
  16. 'Cairns, 5th Earl' in Who Was Who 1981–1990 (London: A. & C. Black, 1991, ISBN 0-7136-3336-0)
  17. 'Gordon Lennox, Rear-Adm. Sir Alexander (Henry Charles)' in Who Was Who 1981–1990 (London: A. & C. Black, 1991, ISBN 0-7136-3336-0)
  18. 'McGeoch, Vice-Adm. Sir Ian (Lachlan Mackay)' in Who's Who 2007 (London: A. & C. Black, 2006)
  19. 'Lucey, Rear-Adm. Martin Noel' in Who Was Who 1991–1995 (London: A. & C. Black, 1996 ISBN 0-7136-4496-6)
  20. 'Ellis, Rear-Adm. Edward William' in Who Was Who 2001–2005 (London: A. & C. Black, 2006, ISBN 0-7136-7601-9)
  21. 'Bazalgette, Rear-Adm. Derek Willoughby' in Who's Who 2007 (London: A. & C. Black, 2006)
  22. 'Cooke, Rear-Adm. Anthony John', in Who's Who 2013 (London: A. & C. Black, 2012)
  23. 'Carlill, Rear Adm. John Hildred' in Who's Who 2013 (London: A. & C. Black, 2012)
  24. 'Cassels, Adm. Sir Simon (Alastair Cassillis)', in Who's Who 2013 (London: A. & C. Black, 2012)
  25. 'Fitch, Adm. Sir Richard (George Alison)', in Who Was Who 1991–1995 (London: A. & C. Black, 1996, ISBN 0-7136-4496-6)
  26. 'Brown, Adm. Sir Brian (Thomas)', in Who's Who 2013 (London: A. & C. Black, 2012)
  27. Admiral Sir Michael Livesay The Telegraph, 9 October 2003
  28. 'Layard, Adm. Sir Michael (Henry Gordon)', in Who's Who 2013 (London: A. & C. Black, 2012)
  29. 'Brigstocke, Adm. Sir John (Richard)', in Who's Who 2013 (London: A. & C. Black, 2012)
  30. 'Blackham, Vice-Adm. Sir Jeremy (Joe)', in Who's Who 2013 (London: A. & C. Black, 2012)
  31. Harley, Simon; Lovell, Tony (22 July 2019). "Royal Naval College, Greenwich - The Dreadnought Project". www.dreadnoughtproject.org. Harley and Lovell. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
  32. Harley and Lovell
  33. Harley and Lovell

Bibliography