Royal Indian Navy
|Royal Indian Navy|
|Engagements||Seven Years' War |
American War of Independence
First Opium War
Second Opium War
First World War
Second World War
|In Command||Flag Officer Commanding, Royal Indian Navy (1934-1947)|
Commander-in-Chief, Royal Indian Navy(1947-1950)
|First||Vice-Admiral Sir Humphrey T. Walwyn.|
|Last||Vice Admiral Sir William Edward Parry.|
The Royal Indian Navy (R.I.N.) was the naval force of British India and the Dominion of India, that was established from on 2 October 1934 as the successor naval force to the Royal Indian Marine. Following Indian independence in 1947 it continued to exist until to 1950 when the world Royal was dropped and it became the naval force of the Republic of India as the Indian Navy.
The history of the Indian Navy can be traced back to 1612 when Captain Best encountered and defeated the Portuguese. This encounter, as also the trouble caused by the pirates, forced the British East India Company to maintain a small fleet at Swally, near Surat (Gujarat). The First Squadron of fighting ships arrived on 5 September 1612 establishing the East India Company's Marine. In 1686 the East India Company's Marine was named the Bombay Marine In 1829 the Bombay Marine was renamed the Bombay Marine Corps In 1830 the corps became Indian Navy, the name was changed again, H.M. Indian Navy in 1858, In 1863 HM's Indian Navy became the Bombay Marine, In 1871 the former marine force was renamed to the Indian Defence Force briefly until 1877), when the name was changed to H.M. Indian Marine. In 1892 the Indian Marine became Royal Indian Marine. It was finally named the Royal Indian Navy in 1934. Following Indian independence in 1947 the Royal Indian Navy continued until 26 January 1950 with the Dominion of India was constituted as a Republic and the word Royal was dropped becoming the Indian Navy.