Rosyth Command

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Rosyth Command
HMS Cochrane I
Ensign of the Royal Navy animated.gif
Active1916-1919, 1939-1948
CountryUnited Kingdom
AllegianceBritish Empire
BranchRoyal Navy
TypeNaval station
Part ofDepartment of Admiralty
HQ and Naval BaseRosyth Dockyard
Scotland
Commanders
FirstAdmiral Sir Frederick T. Hamilton
LastAdmiral Sir Frederick H. G. Dalrymple-Hamilton

Rosyth Command was a major naval station of Royal Navy first established in July, 1916 following a renaming of the earlier Coast of Scotland Station and lasted until 1919 when it reverted back to Coast of Scotland. In August 1939 Coast of Scotland Station was renamed back to Rosyth Command.[1] Initially the flag officer commanding was known as the Commander-in-Chief, Rosyth, his title was reduced to that of Flag officer Commanding, Rosyth in July 1946.[2] This command existed until 1948 when it was renamed Scotland and Northern Ireland Command.[3]

History

Originally activated during the First World War in 1916 following a name change of the Coast of Scotland Station, this command had been 'semi-dormant' during the interwar years as Coast of Scotland command. Unlike the three major commands in southern England, it was not a major manning division with a wide array of training establishments.

In August, 1939 Coast of Scotland command was renamed Rosyth Command.[4] It remained one of the major home commands for the rest of the war, and afterwards. Its span of operations extended from Cromarty in the north, down the east of coast of Scotland and north-east England to Flamborough Head. It ceded responsibility for the west coast of Scotland to HQ Western Approaches to Liverpool at the beginning of 1941.

In 1946 the post of Commander-in-Chief, Rosyth was downgraded to Flag Officer Commanding, Rosyth.[5] In 1948 following a change of title of the Rosyth Command was renamed Scotland and Northern Ireland Command, this new command was know under the control and direction of the Flag Officer Commanding, Scotland and Northern Ireland.

Naval HQ

Map showing Rosyth Naval Command, Home Waters in 1942 by Gordon Smith. Source:https://www.naval-history.net/

Commander-in-Chief, Rosyth (1916-1919, 1939-1946)

Chief of Staff to the Commander-in-Chief, Rosyth

Flag Officer Commanding, Rosyth (1946-1948)

Components

At various times it encompassed naval formations and other ships not attached to other fleets. In addition to shore establishments including, barracks, dockyards, depots, hospitals, refitting and re-supply bases, naval bases or victualling yards. Those components that were part of this station are shown below.[6]

Naval Formations

Unit From To Ref
15th Destroyer Flotilla September, 1939 October, 1939 [7]
1st Minesweeping Flotilla January, 1945 September, 1945 [8]
7th Minesweeping Flotilla September, 1939 December, 1941 [9]
8th Minesweeping Flotilla September, 1939 1942 [10]
16th Minesweeping Flotilla August, 1942 September, 1943 [11]
40th Minesweeping Flotilla September, 1943 September, 1945 [12]
41st Minesweeping Flotilla November, 1943 August, 1944 [13]
42nd Minesweeping Flotilla April, 1944 August, 1944 [14]
Rosyth Escort Force 1939 1945 [15]


Naval Bases & Ports

At various times included.[16]

Station Ref
Aberdeen [17]
Blyth
Cromarty
Dundee
Hartlepool and Tees
Invergordon
Leith and Granton
Londonderry
Methil
Middlesbrough
North Shields
Peterhead
Port Edgar
Rosyth
Sunderland
Tyne [18]

Naval Shore Establishments

Unit From To Ref
Rosyth Dockyard 1916, 1942 1919, 1952 [19]
Royal Naval Torpedo Factory, Greenock 1916 1919

Time Line

References

  1. Houterman, Hans; Koppes, Jeroen. "Royal Navy, Rosyth Command 1939-1945". www.unithistories.com. Houterman and Koppes. Retrieved 30 January 2020.
  2. Archives, National (1946). "NAVAL STATIONS (50): Rosyth Command: reduction from Commander in Chief to Flag Officer..." discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk. Kew, Surrey, England.: National Archives UK. Retrieved 30 January 2020.
  3. Archives, National (1952). "Rosyth Command: change of title to Scotland Command". discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk. Kew, Surrey, England.: National Archives UK. Retrieved 30 January 2020.
  4. Admiralty, British. (December 1940) The Navy List. Flag Officers in Commission. H.M.S.O. London. England. p. 869.
  5. National Archives UK.
  6. Watson, Dr Graham (19 September 2015). "Royal Navy Organisation in World War 2, 1939-1945: Rosyth Command". www.naval-history.net. Gordon Smith. Retrieved 12 February 2020.
  7. Watson (2015). Rosyth Command.
  8. Watson (2015). Rosyth Command.
  9. Watson (2015). Rosyth Command.
  10. Watson (2015). Rosyth Command.
  11. Watson (2015). Rosyth Command.
  12. Watson (2015). Rosyth Command.
  13. Watson (2015). Rosyth Command.
  14. Watson (2015). Rosyth Command.
  15. Watson (2015). Rosyth Command.
  16. Watson (2015). Rosyth Command.
  17. Watson (2015). Rosyth Command.
  18. Watson (2015). Rosyth Command.
  19. Watson (2015). Rosyth Command.