Prime Minister of Great Britain

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Office of the Prime Minister of Great Britain
Coat of Arms of Great Britain 1714 to 1801.png
Seal of HM Government.
Member ofCabinet
AppointerMonarch
Subject to formal approval by the Queen-in-Council
Term lengthNot Fixed
Inaugural holderThe Rt Hon: Sir Robert Walpole.
Formation1707-1801

The office of Prime Minister of Great Britain was established in May 1721 when the former office of Chief Minister of Great Britain was renamed. The Prime Minister of Great Britain (informally abbreviated to PM) was the head of government of the Kingdom of Great Britain. The prime minister directs both the executive and the legislature, and, together with the Prime Minister's Cabinet, (consisting of all the most senior ministers, most of whom are government department heads), is accountable to the monarch, to Parliament, to the prime minister's political party and, ultimately, to the electorate for the policies and actions of the executive and the legislature

History

The origin of the office of Prime Minister of Great Britain evolved from the office of Chief Minister of England. In May 1707 following the Act of Union between the Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of Scotland thus creating the Kingdom of Great Britain the offices of Chief Ministers for England and Scotland were unified to create the office of Chief Minister of Great Britain. In 1721 the chief minister was renamed to Prime Minister of Great Britain.

The office holder presided over the Government of the Kingdom of Great Britain until 1721 until 1801 when the Kingdom of Great Britain was unified with the Kingdom of Ireland to create the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. This office holders title formally changed to the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.

Office Holders

  • 1721–1742 Rt Hon. Sir Robert Walpole.
  • 1742–1743 Rt Hon. Spencer Compton, 1st Earl of Wilmington.
  • 1743–1754 Rt Hon. Henry Pelham. FRS.
  • 1754-1756 Rt Hon. Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle.
  • 1756-1757 Rt Hon. William Cavendish, 4th Duke of Devonshire
  • 1757–1762 Rt Hon. Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle.
  • 1762-1763 Rt Hon. John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Bute.
  • 1763-1765 Rt Hon. George Grenville
  • 1765-1766 Rt Hon. Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham.
  • 1766–1768 Rt Hon. William Pitt the Elder.
  • 1768-1770 Rt Hon. Augustus FitzRoy, 3rd Duke of Grafton,
  • 1770–1782 Rt Hon. Frederick North, the Lord North.
  • 1782 Rt Hon. Charles Watson-Wentworth
  • 1782-1783 Rt Hon. William Petty, 2nd Earl of Shelburne.
  • 1783 Rt Hon. William Cavendish-Bentinck, 3rd Duke of Portland.
  • 1783-1801 Rt Hon. William Pitt the Younger

Footnotes