Port of Barnstaple

From Naval History Archive
Jump to navigationJump to search

Barnstaple is the main town of North Devon, England and possibly the oldest borough in the United Kingdom. It is a former river port, located at the lowest crossing point of the River Taw, flowing into the Bristol Channel

History

The name of Barnstaple probably derives from the Old English "Beardan Stapol" meaning the trading post of a man called Bearda. The town that that grew up here in the 9th and 10th centuries on a ford of the river gradually became more important than the original hilltop settlement at Pilton.

It also became the base for enterprising merchants who traded with Europe, Ireland and the New World. In 1588 ships sailed from the port of Barnstaple to join the fight against the Spanish Armada. Humorous rivalry still exists between Barnstaple and Bideford as to who sent the most ships.

Barnstaple prospered as a port in the Middle Ages, though the port declined as the River Taw silted up.

Template:Navy Royal Shore Establishments