Port Antonio Dockyard

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HM Dockard, Port Antonio
White Ensign of Great Britain (1707–1800).svg
Part of Jamaica Station
(1729-1749)
Port Antonio in Jamaica
TypeNaval Dockyard
Site information
OperatorRoyal Navy
Controlled byFlag of the Navy Board 1707 to 1800.gif Navy Board
Site history
In use1729-1749
Installation information
OccupantsJamaica Squadron

The Port Antonio Dockyard was a shore establishment of the Royal Navy located at Port Antonio, Jamaica in the West Indies. It was established in 1729 to service the Jamaica Squadron as part of the Jamaica Station. However the investment by the Department of Admiralty proved fruitless as the anchorage at Port Antonio was unsettled and the dockyard was abandoned in 1749.[1]

History

The possibility of a pending war with the Kingdom of Spain during the 1720's and 1730's led the Department of Admiralty to conclude that it needed build an second base of operations for the Royal Navy's Jamaica Squadron.[2] Port Antonio was initially selected as an alternative location to the main Jamaica Dockyard at Port Royal due to a succession of damaging hurricanes affecting it, this new facility was established in 1729, Construction work at the new base including a careening yard and victualling and naval stores buildings was completed by 1735.[3] However Port Antonio proved to be an unsettled bay on the opposite side of the island of Jamaica; and the climate there was not agreeable, resulting in high levels of sickness among seamen and yard staff based there. The Royal Navy abandoned Port Antonio in 1749.[4]

References

  1. Randolph, Cock; Rodger, N.A.M. (2006). "Chapter: Dockyards and other Naval Yards, pp. 204-221.". A guide to the naval records in the National Archives of the UK. London, England.: University of London, Institute of Historical Research. p. 214. ISBN 9781905165162.
  2. Shammas, Carole (2012). Investing in the Early Modern Built Environment: Europeans, Asians, Settlers and Indigenous Societies. Leiden, Netherlands.: BRILL. p. 216. ISBN 9789004231160.
  3. Shammas. p. 216.
  4. Grannum, Guy (2013). Tracing Your Caribbean Ancestors: A National Archives Guide. London.: A&C Black. p. 83. ISBN 9781408178867.