Persian Gulf Station

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Persian Gulf Station
HMS Jufair (1935-58, 1962-68)
Ensign of the Royal Navy animated.gif
Active1818-1968
CountryUnited Kingdom
BranchNaval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Royal Navy
TypeNaval station
Part ofEast Indies Station
(1818-1942)
Eastern Fleet
(1942–1944)
East Indies Fleet
(1944-1945)
East Indies Station
(1949-1958)
Middle East Command
(1962-1968)
Garrison/HQBasidu, Qishm Island, Persia
(1821–63,1869–1911)
Henjam Island, Persia
(1911-1935)
HMNB Jufair, Ras Al-Jufair, Bahrain
(1935-1968)

The Persian Gulf Station was an naval command area of the British Royal Navy established in 1818 as one of the geographical divisions into which the Royal Navy divided its worldwide responsibilities. It was active until 1968 when a change the structure of naval forces in the middle east it was replaced by the Gulf Naval Command.

Its component naval forces were known as the Persian Gulf Squadron or Gulf Squadron,[1] later called the Persian Gulf Division. For most of its existence it was a subordinate to major Fleet commands and regional stations.

History

Map of approximate area of operations of the Persian Gulf Station shown upper left of map between (1939-1958). Own Work

British naval presence in the Persian Gulf began in the early nineteenth century with temporary naval forces assembled for specific operations until the establishment of a more constant naval force presence called the Persian Gulf Squadron [2] later the Persian Gulf Division.[3] The Senior Naval Office Persian Gulf gradually became an important position throughout the twentieth century by supporting Britain's strategic interests in the region, he reported to the Commander-in-Chief, East Indies Station. [4] The Persian Gulf was one of the areas of naval operations during First World War in which it assumed a level of importance during the Mesopotamian campaign, its operations consisted of patrolling, keeping the peace and ensuring the continued supply of oil from the region. In May 1942 it then became part of the Eastern Fleet command until May 1944 when it became part of the East Indies Fleet command until July 1945 when it was abolished. The station was re-established in April 1949 reporting to the C-in-C, East Indies Station until 1958. In 1959 the station was merged with the Red Sea Station to form the Arabian Seas and Persian Gulf Station. In 1962 the station was re-established as part of the Middle East Command until it was abolished in 1968 and replaced by the Gulf Naval Command.

In 2003 the Royal Navy reestablished a station in the Persian Gulf the United Kingdom Maritime Component under the command of the Commander, United Kingdom Maritime Component, Persian Gulf. On 1 November 2015, it was announced that HMS Jufair would be reestablished as a permanent Royal Navy base in the Middle East. On 5 April 2018, the UK Naval Support Facility was officially opened.[5]

Naval HQ

The British established a Persian Gulf Squadron in the mid-nineteenth century to support the Political Resident Persian Gulf, (PRPG) who was responsible for all of Britains relationships in the region. The SNOPG was originally headquartered at Basidu on-board his ship from 1823 onward.[6] A permanent depot and headquarters was first established at Basidu, Qishm Island in Persia around 1850. In 1911 his headquarters moved to Henjam Island in the Straits of Hormuz until 12 April 1935.[7] On 13 April 1935 a naval base and shore establishment called Template:Ship was established at Ras Al-Jufair, Bahrain which served as headquarters for the SNO Persian Gulf until 1972.[8]

Senior Naval Officer, Persian Gulf

References

  1. Onley, James (2005). "Britain's Informal Empire in the Gulf, 1820-1971". Journal of Social Affairs. 22 (87): 29.
  2. Palmer, Michael A. (1999). "3: Middle East Oil and the Destiny of Europe (1946–1950)". Guardians of the Gulf: A History of America's Expanding Role in the Persion Gulf, 1883–1992. New York, NY, USA: Simon and Schuster. ISBN 9781439105801.
  3. Bankoff, Greg; Christensen, Joseph (2016). Natural Hazards and Peoples in the Indian Ocean World: Bordering on Danger. Berlin, Germany: Springer. p. 281. ISBN 9781349948574.
  4. Macris, Jeffrey R. (2010). The Politics and Security of the Gulf: Anglo-American Hegemony and the Shaping of a Region. Cambridge, England: Routledge. p. 31. ISBN 9781135189440.
  5. "UK opens permanent military base in Bahrain". Reuters. Retrieved 30 September 2018.
  6. Onley, James (2009). "Britain and the Gulf Shaikhdoms, 1820–1971: The Politics of Protection" (PDF). socialsciences.exeter.ac.uk. Georgetown University, School of Foreign Service in Qatar. p. 5. Retrieved 5 November 2019.
  7. Onley, James (2009). "Britain and the Gulf Shaikhdoms, 1820–1971: The Politics of Protection" (PDF). socialsciences.exeter.ac.uk. Georgetown University, School of Foreign Service in Qatar. p. 5. Retrieved 5 November 2019.
  8. Onley, James (2007). "PART II AGENTS OF EMPIRE". The Arabian Frontier of the British Raj: Merchants, Rulers, and the British in the Nineteenth-Century Gulf. Oxford, England: OUP Oxford. ISBN 9780191607769.