Persian Gulf

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Location of the Persian Gulf

The Persian Gulf is a mainly enclosed sea in Western Asia. The body of water is an extension of the Indian Ocean (Gulf of Oman) through the Strait of Hormuz and lies between Iran to the northeast and the Arabian Peninsula to the southwest.The Shatt al-Arab river delta forms the northwest shoreline.

This inland sea of some 251,000 square kilometres (96,912 sq mi) is connected to the Gulf of Oman in the east by the Strait of Hormuz; and its western end is marked by the major river delta of the Shatt al-Arab, which carries the waters of the Euphrates and the Tigris. In Iran this is called "Arvand Rood", where "Rood" means "river". Its length is 989 kilometres (615 miles), with Iran covering most of the northern coast and Saudi Arabia most of the southern coast. The Persian Gulf is about 56 km (35 mi) wide at its narrowest, in the Strait of Hormuz. The waters are overall very shallow, with a maximum depth of 90 metres (295 feet) and an average depth of 50 metres (164 feet).

Countries with a coastline on the Persian Gulf are (clockwise, from the north): Iran; Oman; the United Arab Emirates; Saudi Arabia; Qatar, on a peninsula off the Saudi coast; Bahrain, on an island; Kuwait; and Iraq in the northwest. Various small islands also lie within the Persian Gulf, some of which are the subject of territorial disputes between the states of the region.

Sea Ports

Among the important ports are

  1. Bandar Abbas
  2. Bandar Lengeh
  3. Bandar-e Mahshahr
  4. Basra
  5. Bushehr
  6. Dammam
  7. Dhahran
  8. Hamad Port
  9. Jebel Ali
  10. Khobar
  11. Khor Fakkan
  12. Mina Khalid
  13. Mina Rashid
  14. Mina Salman
  15. Mina Zayed
  16. Ras Tanura
  17. Shuaiba
  18. Shuwaikh