Nova Scotia and Saint Lawrence Station

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Nova Scotia and Saint Lawrence Station
Royal Navy Red Ensign 1801 to 1864.gif
Red Ensign of the last Commander-in-Chief.
Active1762-1815 (on and off)
CountryGreat Britain
AllegianceBritish Empire
BranchRoyal Navy
TypeNaval Station
Part ofDepartment of Admiralty
Garrison/HQHalifax Dockyard, Nova Scotia, Canada


The Nova Scotia and Saint Lawrence Station also known as the Nova Scotia and River Saint Lawrence Station was a command and naval station of the Royal Navy established in 1762 as one of the geographical divisions into which the Royal Navy administered its worldwide responsibilities. It was defined so by the Department of Admiralty to identify the area jurisdiction of the office holders Commander-in-Chief, Nova Scotia and St Lawrence and existed until 1815.[1]

The headquarters was in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. This stations responsibility was to operate mainly in Canadian waters only, when that remit altered dependent on strategic needs it switched interchangeably with the North America Station.[2]

For command purposes the Royal Navy was divided into a number of major or local stations, fleets or or other formations, each normally under an admiral or senior officer.[3]

History

The Nova Scotia and Saint Lawrence Station was established in 1762 and during the Napoleonic Wars the Department of Admiralty maintained three Royal Navy squadrons in North American waters the Nova Scotia Squadron, and the Newfoundland Squadron. These were considered minor areas of responsibility, for the United States remained neutral until Anglo-American War of 1812.[4] It existed until 1815.

In Command

Commander-in-Chief, Nova Scotia and St Lawrence

Components under this Command

Formations

# Formation Name Active Ref
1. Nova Scotia Squadron various dates from 1762-1815 [5]

Shore Establishments

# Name Active
1. Halifax Dockyard 1759 – 1905
2. Kingston Naval Dockyard 1788 – 1853
3. Louisbourg Naval Shipyard 1745 – 1768
4. Naval Shipyards York 1790 – 1813
5. Navy Island Naval Shipyard 1763 – 1822
6. Penetanguishene Naval Yard 1813 – 1856
7. Quebec Naval Shipyard 1814 – 1834

Footnotes

  1. Harrison, Simon (2010–2019). "Commander-in-Chief at Nova Scotia". threedecks.org. S. Harrison. Retrieved 10 July 2019.
  2. Naval, Historian. Office of the. (September 1959) Flag Officers and Senior Naval Officers responsible for the Halifax Station. 1755-1959. Royal Canadian Navy. Navy Headquarters, Ottawa. Ontario. Archives of Canada. p. 1.
  3. "Records of Stations and Fleets". discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk. Kew, Surrey, England.: National Archives UK. 1702–1969. Retrieved 14 November 2019.
  4. Freemont-Barnes, Gregory (2007). "Distribution of fleets, May 1795". The Royal Navy 1793-1815. London: Osprey Publishing. p. 12. ISBN 9781846031380.
  5. Freemont-Barnes. p.12.

Bibliography

  1. Blackley, Phyllis R. "Volume V (1801-1820) - HUGHES, Sir RICHARD – Volume V (1801-1820) – Dictionary of Canadian Biography". www.biographi.ca. University of Toronto. Retrieved 10 July 2019.
  2. Harrison, Simon (2010–2019). "Commander-in-Chief at Nova Scotia". threedecks.org. S. Harrison. Retrieved 10 July 2019.
  3. Freemont-Barnes, Gregory (2007). "Distribution of fleets, May 1795". The Royal Navy 1793-1815. London: Osprey Publishing. ISBN 9781846031380.
  4. http://data2.archives.ca/Naval, Historian. Office of the. (September 1959) Flag Officers and Senior Naval Officers responsible for the Halifax Station. 1755-1959. Royal Canadian Navy. Navy Headquarters, Ottawa. Ontario. Archives of Canada.