North Atlantic Fleet

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North Atlantic Fleet
US Navy Ensign.gif
Ensign of the U.S. Navy
Active24 May – Dec 1898‎
29 December 1902 – 1 January 1906
CountryUS Navy Ensign.gif United States
BranchAnimated Flag of the United States Navy.gif United States Navy
TypeNaval Fleet
RoleOperational Naval Force
Commanders
FirstRear Admiral William T. Sampson
LastRear-Admiral Robley D. Evans

The North Atlantic Fleet was a naval formation of constituent ships of the U.S. Navy assigned to the North Atlantic Station first established on 24 May 1898 following a reorganization of the earlier North Atlantic Squadron during the Spanish American War.[1] In December 1898 the North Atlantic Fleet was renamed back to North Atlantic Squadron. On 29 December 1902 the North Atlantic Station and its constituent naval force the North Atlantic Squadron was abolished and replaced by a North Atlantic Fleet. On 1 January 1906 U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt authorized a reorganization of the U.S. Navy resulting in the now enlarged North Atlantic Fleet was the single naval force for the entire Atlantic Ocean area being re designated as the United States Atlantic Fleet.

History

A North Atlantic Squadron of constituent ships assigned to naval command area the North Atlantic Station was formed on 1 November 1865. The North Atlantic Squadron was a fluid entity commanded by Rear-Admiral. William T. Sampson from 26 March 1898 until the end of the Spanish American War.[2] After the Flying Squadron under the command of Commodore Winfield S. Schley joined Sampson’s North Atlantic Squadron at Santiago de Cuba on 24 May 1898, the North Atlantic Squadron became the North Atlantic Fleet with Sampson as its commander-in-chief, while Commodore Schley was named the commander-in-chief of the newly designated Second North Atlantic Squadron.[3]

The North Atlantic Squadron initially included two divisions, one under Sampson’s direct command, the other blockading northern Cuba under the command of Commodore John C. Watson. Sampson’s command also included the Key West Naval Base. The North Atlantic Fleet was reorganized on 21 June 1898 into new components the First North Atlantic Squadron, the Second North Atlantic Squadron, the Eastern Squadron, and also included the Key West Naval Base.[4] After the war ended in December 1898 the North Atlantic Squadron was restored.

On 29 December 1902 the North Atlantic Squadron was once again upgraded to fleet status once more renamed as the North Atlantic Fleet and the geographic naval command area the North Atlantic Station was abolished. In 1905 the ships of U.S Navy's European Squadron and South Atlantic Squadron were abolished and absorbed into the North Atlantic Fleet. On 1 January 1906 President Theodore Roosevelt authorized a reorganization of the U.S. Navy resulting in the now enlarged North Atlantic Fleet was the single naval force for the entire Atlantic Ocean area being re designated as the United States Atlantic Fleet.

In Command

Commander-in-Chief, North Atlantic Fleet (1898)

  1. Rear Admiral William Thomas Sampson, 24 May 1898 – December 1898.[5]

Commanding, North Atlantic Fleet (1902-03)

  1. Rear-Admiral Francis John Higginson 29 December 1902 – July 1903.[6]

Commander-in-Chief, North Atlantic Fleet (1903-06)

  1. Rear-Admiral Albert Smith Barker July 1903 – March 1905.[7][8]
  2. Rear-Admiral Robley Dunglison Evans March 1905 – 1 January 1906.

Flag Lieutenant, North Atlantic Fleet (1903-04)

  1. Lieutenant George R. Evans, 1 Jan 1903.[9]
  2. Lieutenant Edward Walter Eberle, April 1903 – April 1904.[10]

Chief of Staff, North Atlantic Fleet (1905-06)

  1. Captain Raymond Perry Rodgers, 1 January 1905 – 1 January 1906.[11]

Additional Notes

On 28 March Rear Admiral William T. Sampson was appointed Commander, North Atlantic Squadron on 28 March 1898. On 24 May 1898 was appointed Commander-in-Chief, North Atlantic Fleet for the duration of the Spanish-American War until December 1898 when he assumed his former appointment as Commander, North Atlantic Squadron until October 1899.[12]

References

  1. Navy, U.S. "Commodore Arent S. Crowninshield, Chief of the Bureau of Navigation, to Chiefs of the Navy Bureaus, 3/25/1898". public2.nhhcaws.local. Naval History and Heritage Command. Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  2. Commodore Winfield S. Crowninshield Chief of Bureau of Navigation 1898.
  3. Commodore Winfield S. Crowninshield Chief of Bureau of Navigation 1898.
  4. Commodore Winfield S. Crowninshield Chief of Bureau of Navigation 1898.
  5. Commodore Winfield S. Crowninshield Chief of Bureau of Navigation 1898.
  6. (1 January 1903) Register of the Commissioned Officers of the United States Navy and Marine Corps, Chapter: Stations, Government Printing Office, Washington D.C. U.S.A. p.164.
  7. (1 January 1904) Register of the Commissioned Officers of the United States Navy and Marine Corps, Chapter: Stations, Government Printing Office, Washington D.C. U.S.A. p.176.
  8. (1 January 1905) Register of the Commissioned Officers of the United States Navy and Marine Corps, Chapter: Stations, Government Printing Office, Washington D.C. U.S.A. p.186.
  9. (1 January 1903) Register of the Commissioned Officers of the United States Navy and Marine Corps, Chapter: Stations, Government Printing Office, Washington D.C. U.S.A. p.164.
  10. (1 January 1904) Register of the Commissioned Officers of the United States Navy and Marine Corps, Chapter: Stations, Government Printing Office, Washington D.C. U.S.A. p.176.
  11. (1 January 1905) Register of the Commissioned Officers of the United States Navy and Marine Corps, Chapter: Stations, Government Printing Office, Washington D.C. U.S.A. p.186.
  12. Commodore Winfield S. Crowninshield Chief of Bureau of Navigation 1898.