North America Station

From Naval History Archive
Jump to navigationJump to search
North America Station
Royal Navy Red Ensign 1801 to 1864.gif
Red Ensign of the last Commander-in-Chief.
Active1746-1830 (on and off)
CountryGreat Britain
AllegianceBritish Empire
BranchRoyal Navy
TypeStation
RoleNaval Command Area
Part ofAdmiralty
Garrison/HQLouisbourg Naval Shipyard Halifax Dockyard, Nova Scotia, Canada
Commanders
FirstCommodore – James Douglas
LastRear-Admiral of the Red – Sir Charles Ogle. Bart.

The North America Station was a naval station and major command of the Royal Navy of the Royal Navy established in 1746 as one of the geographical divisions into which the Royal Navy administered its worldwide responsibilities. It was defined so by the Department of Admiralty to identify the area jurisdiction of the office holders Commander-in-Chief, North America.

The headquarters was in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. This stations responsibility was to operate mainly in all North American waters, when that remit altered dependent on strategic needs it switched interchangeably with the Nova Scotia and Saint Lawrence Station until 1815.[1] In 1817 it was abolished and replaced by the North America and Lakes of Canada Station.

History

The North America Station was a naval station of Royal Navy established in 1746. The headquarters of the station was in Halifax. In 1762 the area of command changed and it was replaced by the Nova Scotia and Saint Lawrence Station and continued interchangeably with that station dependent on strategic needs.[2] In 1800 the North America Station was reestablished until 1817 when it was replaced by the North America and Lakes of Canada Station. In 1824 the former station was renamed back to the North America Station until 1830 when the West Indies Station and Newfoundland Station was unified with this station creating the North America, West Indies and Newfoundland Station. The station consisted of its primary naval formation called the North America Squadron[3] and naval shore establishments based at Halifax Dockyard, it served as the stations headquarters, together with others at located at Kingston Naval Dockyard, Navy Island Naval Shipyard and new shore facilities at Bermuda Dockyard.

In Command

Commander-in-Chief, North America

Senior Officer, North America

For certain periods of time the North America Station was not commanded by a Flag Officer with the title of Commander-in-Chief, North America command was usually vested in a Captain titled as the Senior Officer, North America.

Components under this command

Naval Formations

# Formation Name Active Ref
1. North America Squadron 1767 – 1783, 1800 – 1816 [4]

Naval Shore Establishments

# Name Active
1. Louisbourg Naval Shipyard 1745 – 1759
2. Halifax Dockyard 1759 – 1905
3. Navy Island Naval Shipyard 1763 – 1818
4. New York Dockyard 1775 – 1784
5. Kingston Naval Dockyard 1789 – 1853
6. Naval Shipyards York 1790 – 1813
7. Bermuda Dockyard 1795 – 1995
8. Grand River Naval Depot 1816 – 1834

Footnotes

  1. Naval, Historian. Office of the. (September 1959) Flag Officers and Senior Naval Officers responsible for the Halifax Station. 1755-1959. Royal Canadian Navy. Navy Headquarters, Ottawa. Ontario. Archives of Canada. p. 1.
  2. Naval, Historian. Office of the. (September 1959) Flag Officers and Senior Naval Officers responsible for the Halifax Station. 1755-1959. Royal Canadian Navy. Navy Headquarters, Ottawa. Ontario. Archives of Canada. p.1.
  3. Freemont-Barnes, Gregory (2007). "Distribution of fleets, June 1808". The Royal Navy 1793-1815. London: Osprey Publishing. p. 13. ISBN 9781846031380.
  4. Freemont-Barnes. p.13.

Bibliography

  1. Freemont-Barnes, Gregory (2007). "Distribution of fleets, June 1808". The Royal Navy 1793-1815. London: Osprey Publishing. ISBN 9781846031380.
  2. Harrison, Simon (2010–2018). "Commander-in-Chief at North America". threedecks.org. S. Harrison. Retrieved 28 July 2019.
  3. http://data2.archives.ca/Naval, Historian. Office of the. (September 1959) Flag Officers and Senior Naval Officers responsible for the Halifax Station. 1755-1959. Royal Canadian Navy. Navy Headquarters, Ottawa. Ontario. Archives of Canada.