North America Squadron

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North America Squadron
Ensign of the Royal Navy animated.gif
Active1767-1926
CountryFlag United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.gif United Kingdom
AllegianceBritish Empire
BranchNaval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Royal Navy
TypeSquadron
Part ofVarious Stations under different names
Commanders
FirstCommodore James Douglas
LastVice-Admiral Sir James Fergusson

The North America Squadron was also known as the British North America Squadron was naval formation of constituent ships assigned to the naval command area the North America Station first established from in 1767 and operated until 1926.

History

Ships of the British North America Squadron at HMD Bermuda in 1865

Prior to 1767 the Royal Navy operated two smaller squadrons with responsibility for Canadian Waters they were the Newfoundland Squadron and the Nova Scotia Squadron. In 1746 as the navy's area of responsibility was widened to cover all North American waters this led to a much larger naval command area being established called the North America Station of which the other two squadrons were its assigned forces. In 1767 a new larger North America Squadron was established. The squadron was allocated to naval commands that had various name changes over 189 years. It was then part of the North America and Lakes of Canada Station from (1817-1824), then the North America and Newfoundland Station from (1824-1830), then the North America, West Indies and Newfoundland Station from (1830-1837), then the North America and West Indies Station from (1837-1907, 1913-1926) when it was renamed the America and West Indies Squadron

Main Operating Bases

The squadrons main base was HMD Halifax, Canada until 1818 then operated out of the HMD Bermuda, Bermuda. However Halifax Dockyard was used as a summer base for the squadron from 1818 to to 1905.