New York

From Naval History Archive
Jump to navigationJump to search
New York
HMS Saker (1942-current)
Ensign of the Royal Navy animated.gif
Active1917-1919, 1942-current
CountryFlag of the United States (1912to 1959).png United States of America
AllegianceFlag United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.gif United Kingdom
BranchNaval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Royal Navy
TypeStation
Garrison/HQRN Base, New York, United States .

New York was a naval command and base used by the British Royal Navy during World War One,[1] . At various times it encompassed a shore base, naval formations and other ships not attached to other formations.

History

The first recorded European visit to New York was that of Giovanni da Verrazzano, who anchored in The Narrows in 1524. For the next hundred years, the region was visited sporadically by ships on fishing trips and slave raids. European colonization began after Henry Hudson's 1609 exploration of the region with the establishment of New Amsterdam, the capital of the Dutch province of New Netherlands at the tip of Manhattan.

The British colonial era (1664–1673, 1702–1783) saw a concerted effort to expand the port in the triangular trade between Europe, Africa, and North America with a concentration of wharves along the mouth of the East River. After the Battle of Brooklyn, the British controlled the New York harbor for the duration of American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), and prison ships housed thousands at Wallabout Bay. After the War of Independence from Great Britain, New York became an important base of the United States Navy.

In the early 19th century, the Erie Canal (used for grain shipments) and Morris Canal used for anthracite shipments) gave the port access to the American interior, leading to transshipment operations, manufacturing, and industrialization. In 1903 the United States Navy established its 3rd Naval District at New York until 7 October 1976 when it was disestablished. By 1910, the port of New York was the busiest in the world. Leading up to and during World War I, New York was an important naval base and location of shipyards that employed 18,000 men and women constructing everything from major battleships to wooden submarine chasers.

During the World Wars the waterfront supported various shipyards and military installations such as the Federal Shipbuilding and Drydock Company and the Brooklyn Navy Yard and played an important role in troop transport as a Port of Embarkation and was effectively a major staging area in the Battle of the Atlantic during World War Two. On 1 November 1942 the Royal Navy established permanent base in New York called HMS Saker which is the collective title for all Royal Navy personnel serving in the United States of America

In Command

Senior Naval Officer, New York (1763-1765)

Senior Naval Officer, New York
Rank Flag Name Term
1 Captain RN Captain Rank Insignia.png Archibald Kennedy, 11th Earl of Cassilis 1763 - 1765.[2]

British Senior Naval Officer, New York (1917-1919)

British Senior Naval Officer, New York
Rank Flag Name Term
1 Commodore Rear Admiral command Flag RN from 1864.png Sir Lionel de Lautour Wells 1917 - May, 1919.[3][4][5]

Resident Naval Officer, New York (1943)

  1. Commander H. A. A. Mallet, April, 1943 – January, 1945. (additionally Commanding Officer, HMS Saker).[6][7]

See Also

References

  1. Admiralty, Great Britain. (July, 1918). The Navy List Quarterly. H.M.S.O. London. p.2133.
  2. McLeod, Byrne (14 July 2017). "The Royal Navy and the Enforcement of the Stamp Act, 1764-65: The Account of Captain Archibald Kennedy RN". The Naval Miscellany. London: Taylor & Francis Group. doi:10.4324/9781315184333-3. Retrieved 16 July 2020.
  3. The Navy List (July, 1918). p.2133.
  4. Harley, Simon; Lovell, Tony (3 September 2019). "Lionel de Lautour Wells - The Dreadnought Project". www.dreadnoughtproject.org. England: Harley and Lovell. Retrieved 16 July 2020.
  5. "Supplement to the London Gazette" (PDF). The Gazette. London: H.M.S.O. 31 July 1919. p. 9832. Retrieved 17 July 2020.
  6. "(781) - Navy lists > Quarterly > 1944 > October > Volume 3 - British Military lists - National Library of Scotland". digital.nls.uk. National Library of Scotland. p. 2853. Retrieved 16 July 2020.
  7. "Navy lists > Quarterly > 1945 > January > Volume 3 - British Military lists - National Library of Scotland". digital.nls.uk. National Library of Scotland. January 1945. p. 2962. Retrieved 17 July 2020.