Navy Pay Office

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Navy Pay Office
Navy Board Flag 1832 new version.jpg
Flag of the Navy Pay Office in 1832 shown for illustrative purposes
Government Office overview
Formed1546
Preceding Government Office
Dissolved1835
JurisdictionEngland Kingdom of England
Kingdom of Great Britain Kingdom of Great Britain
United Kingdom United Kingdom
HeadquartersLeadenhall Street, City of London, (1546–1664)
Broad Street, City of London (1664–1789)
Somerset House (1789–1835) Whitehall, City of Westminster, London
Government Office executive
Parent departmentNavy Office

The Navy Pay Office also known as the Navy Treasury was established in 1548 and was semi-autonomous of the Navy Office. It existed until 1835 when all offices and accounting departments of the Royal Navy were unified into the Department of the Accountant-General of the Navy. The Navy Pay Office received money directly from HM Treasury.[1][2]

For a short period during the late 17th century and early 18th century it was a government office with its own Minister of State, the Treasurer of the Navy.

History

The Navy Pay Office (NPO) was established in 1546, it was first administered by the Treasurer of Marine Causes later renamed the Treasurer of the Navy. The office was responsible processing naval finance including payments to flag officers, other commissioned officers and non-commissioned naval personnel and including the Victualling Office.

The work of its staff was divided into a number of branches with specific areas of responsibility, these were overseen by the paymaster of the navy, the inspector of seamen's wills and the captains comptrolling payments of ships at Portsmouth, Plymouth and the Nore.[3]

The Navy Pay Office (domain of the Treasurer of the Navy and the Paymaster of the Navy) was independent of the Navy Board; though the board's commissioners were required to authorize payments, all funds transferred from HM Treasury were held and issued by the Navy Pay Office (which was also known as the Naval Treasury).

It existed until 1835 when all finance and accounting offices and departments of the Royal Navy were centralized into a single Department of the Accountant-General of the Navy.

Organisation and structure of the Navy Pay Office

The Navy Pay Office consisted of a number of specific departments and offices that included:[4][5][6]

Each branch within the Navy Pay Office was administered by a Chief Clerk each had a head cashier together with other supporting clerical staff.[7]

  1. Accountants Branch (Navy Pay Office) [8]
  2. Allotment Branch (Navy Pay Office) [8]
  3. Bill and Remittance Branch (Navy Pay Office)
  4. Navy Branch (Navy Pay Office) [8]
  5. Navy Bills Branch (Navy Pay Office)
  6. Prize Branch (Navy Pay Office)
  7. Stores Branch (Navy Pay Office)
  8. Ticket Branch (Navy Pay Office) [8]
  9. Ticket and Wages Branch (Navy Pay Office)
  10. Treasurers Branch (Navy Pay Office) [8]
  11. Victualling Branch (Navy Pay Office) [8]
  12. Wages Branch (Navy Pay Office) [8]
  13. Wills Branch (Navy Pay Office)

Offices

  1. Office of the Assistant to the Treasurer of the Navy
  2. Office of the Captains Controlling the Payment of Ships
  3. Office of the Paymaster of the Marines to the Navy Board [9]
  4. Office of the Paymaster of the Navy [8]
  5. Office of the Inspector of Seaman's Wills [8]

Footnotes

  1. Steele, David (1799). Steel's Original and Correct List of the Royal Navy: Hired Armed-vessels, Gun-boats, Revenue and Excise Cutters, and Packets with Their Commanders and Stations. To which are Added the Following Lists, &c. Establishment of Rates and Men ... . Distrib. of Prize Money and Gratuities. Corrected to February, 1799, and to be Continued Monthly, During War, and Quarterly, During Peace, Price Sixpence. London: D. Steel, at his navigation-warehouse, No. 1, Union-Row, the lower-end of the Minories, Little Tower-Hill. Sold. p. 9.
  2. Glasgow, Tom (January 1970). "MATURING OF NAVAL ADMINISTRATION 1556–1564". The Mariner's Mirror. 56 (1): 7. doi:10.1080/00253359.1970.10658511.
  3. Archives, National (1563–1985). "Records of Accounting and Pay Departments". nationalarchives.gov.uk. London, England: The National Archives. Retrieved 2 January 2019.
  4. Great Britain, Admiralty (1814). "Admiralty Office". The Navy List. London, England: John Murray. p. 132.
  5. Great Britain, Admiralty (1828). "Civil Departments of the Navy". The Navy List. London, England: John Murray. p. 128.
  6. Great Britain, Admiralty (1834). "Civil Departments of the Navy". The Navy List. London, England: John Murray. p. 136.
  7. Commons, House of (1803). Reports from Committees of the House of Commons which Have Been Printed by Order of the House: And are Not Inserted in the Journals Volume 12 (1715–1801). Parliament of Great Britain. p. 334.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5 8.6 8.7 8.8 Great Britain, Admiralty (1828). The Navy List. London, England: John Murray. p. 123.
  9. Collinge, John Michael (1978). "Paymaster of Marines 1831–2 British History Online". www.british-history.ac.uk. London, England: University of London. p. 33. Retrieved 2 January 2019.

Bibliography

  1. Archives, National (1563–1985). "Records of Accounting and Pay Departments". nationalarchives.gov.uk. London, England: The National Archives. Retrieved 2 January 2019.
  2. Collinge, John Michael (1978). "Paymaster of Marines 1831–2 British History Online". www.british-history.ac.uk. London, England: University of London. Retrieved 2 January 2019.
  3. Commons, House of (1803). Reports from Committees of the House of Commons which Have Been Printed by Order of the House: And are Not Inserted in the Journals Volume 12 (1715–1801). Parliament of Great Britain.
  4. Glasgow Tom. (1970). MATURING OF NAVAL ADMINISTRATION 1556–1564, The Mariner's Mirror, 56:1, 3–26, DOI: 10.1080/00253359.1970.10658511
  5. Great Britain, Admiralty (December 1814). "Admiralty Office". The Navy List. London, England: John Murray.
  6. Great Britain, Admiralty (March 1828). "Civil Departments of the Navy". The Navy List. London, England: John Murray.
  7. Great Britain, Admiralty (April 1834). "Civil Departments of the Navy". The Navy List. London, England: John Murray.
  8. 'Paymaster of Marines 1831-2 ', in Office-Holders in Modern Britain: Volume 7, Navy Board Officials 1660-1832, ed. J M Collinge (London, 1978), p. 33. British History Online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/office-holders/vol7/p.33 [accessed 2 January 2019].
  9. Steele, David (1799). Steel's Original and Correct List of the Royal Navy: Hired Armed-vessels, Gun-boats, Revenue and Excise Cutters, and Packets with Their Commanders and Stations. To which are Added the Following Lists, &c. Establishment of Rates and Men ... . Distrib. of Prize Money and Gratuities. Corrected to February, 1799, and to be Continued Monthly, During War, and Quarterly, During Peace, Price Sixpence. London: D. Steel, at his navigation-warehouse, No. 1, Union-Row, the lower-end of the Minories, Little Tower-Hill. Sold.