Methil

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Methil
HMS Cochrane (1940-1945)
Ensign of the Royal Navy animated.gif
CountryFlag United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.gif United Kingdom
BranchNaval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Royal Navy
Part ofCoast of Scotland Station (1914) Rosyth Command (1940-1945)
Garrison/HQRN Base, Methil
Commanders
FirstCaptain Cecil H. Fox
LastCaptain H.G. Giffard

Methil was a naval base and area command of the British Royal Navy created in October, 1914 as one of the geographical divisions into which the Royal Navy administered its worldwide responsibilities.[1] It was defined so by the Department of Admiralty to identify the area jurisdiction of the office holders Captain-in-Charge, Methil (1914), then later the Naval Officer-in-Charge, Methil and existed until July 1945.

For command purposes the Royal Navy was divided into a number of major or local stations, fleets or or other formations, each normally under an admiral or senior officer.[2]

Location

The Royal Naval Base, Methil was situated in Methil, Fife, Scotland, on the northern shores of the Firth of Forth.[3]

History

The Port of Methil was established In the 17th century as as a coastal village, first with a tidal harbour. In the late 19th century a Methil Docks was established starting with May 1887 and thereafter expanding considerably at the start of the 20th century due to a boom in coal mining. A total of three dock areas were constructed and were completed by 1913, the docks were built by Cunningham, Blythe and Westland and Sir Robert McAlpine.

Historically, the main industry in the area was coal mining, with most of the coal exported through Methil Docks, which exported over 3,000,000 tons per year between the World War I and World War II. During the Great War (1914-1919) Methil served as the home base of the Methil Convoy Flotilla. During World War Two it was a subcommand of Rosyth Command.[4]

In Command

Captain-in-Charge, Methil

  1. Captain Cecil Henry Fox, 26 October, 1914 – 18 December, 1914.[5]

Naval Officer-in-Charge, Methil

  1. Captain C.E. Maconochie, RN (retd), 2 June, 1940 - 3 March, 1943.[6]
  2. Captain E.A.B. Stanley, RN (retd), December, 3 March, 1942 - June, 1944.[7]
  3. Captain H.G. Giffard, RN (retd), 20 October, 1944 - July, 1945.[8]

Secretary to Naval Officer-in-Charge, Methil

Included:[9]

  1. Paymaster Lieutenant. S.H. Walker, RNR
  2. Paymaster Lieutenant D.W. Minahan, RNVR (acting)
  3. Paymaster Lieutenant J. Taylor, RNVR (acting)

Components

At various times it encompassed naval formations and other ships not attached to other fleets. In addition to shore establishments including, barracks, dockyards, depots, hospitals, refitting and re-supply bases, naval bases or victualling yards. Those components that were part of this station are shown below.

Formations

Unit From To Ref
Methil Convoy Flotilla 1918 1918 [10]

Shore Establishments

Unit From To Ref
Methil Docks date date

References

  1. Harley, Simon; Lovell, Tony (19 July 2017). "Methil - The Dreadnought Project". dreadnoughtproject.org. Harley and Lovell. Retrieved 18 June 2020.
  2. "Records of Stations and Fleets". discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk. Kew, Surrey, England.: National Archives UK. 1702–1969. Retrieved 14 November 2019.
  3. Harley and Lovell (2017)
  4. Houterman, Hans; Koppes, Jeroen. "Royal Navy, Rosyth Command 1939-1945". www.unithistories.com. Netherlands: Houterman and Koppes. Retrieved 18 June 2020.
  5. Harley and Lovell (2017)
  6. Houterman and Koppes
  7. Houterman and Koppes
  8. Houterman and Koppes
  9. Houterman and Koppes
  10. Harley and Lovell (2017)