Master-Shipwright, Chatham Dockyard

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Master-Shipwright, Chatham Dockyard
Board of Admiralty Flag 19th to early 20th Century.gif
Board of Admiralty Flag 19th to early 20th Century
Appointer
Subject to formal approval by the Queen-in-Council
Term lengthNot fixed
Formation1572–1813

The Master-Shipwright, Chatham Dockyard was a Navy Royal and later Royal Navy appointment first created in 1572. The appointee was in charge of shipbuilding, ship repair, ship maintenance and management of the associated workforce at Chatham Dockyard until 1813.

Histrical Overview

In the 17th and 18th centuries there were six Royal Navy Dockyards in England, at Deptford, Woolwich, Chatham, Sheerness, Portsmouth and Plymouth. There were also a number of out ports in England and overseas yards, including Halifax Dockyard. Officers at the yards were appointed by the Board of Admiralty, but otherwise yards were under the management of the yards was in the hands of the Navy Board until 1832, it was represented by the senior officer at the yard the Resident Commissioner of the Navy. Under him were the principal officers usually five at each yard of which the Master-Shipwright was one, the next tier of officers under the principal officers included those in charge of particular areas of activity such as Master-Boatbuilder. In 1822 a number of posts were abolished, including Clerks of the Survey and Ropeyard. In 1832 the Navy Board was abolished and the yards came under the Principal Officers of the Navy at the Admiralty. The Resident commissioners were replaced in favour of a Captain or Admiral-Superintendent.

Histrical Overview 2

In the 17th and 18th centuries there were six Royal Navy dockyards in England, at Deptford, Woolwich, Chatham, Sheerness, Portsmouth and Plymouth. There were also a number of out ports in England and overseas yards, including Halifax Dockyard

Officers at the yards were appointed by the Board of Admiralty, but otherwise yards were under the management of the yards was in the hands of the Navy Board until 1832, it was represented by the senior officer at the yard the Resident Commissioner of the Navy. Under him were the principal officers at each yard were:

  1. Master Shipwright: responsible for most workmen and all construction and repair work.
  2. Master Attendant: managed the ships in harbour and saw to the maintenance of the ships in Ordinary, i.e. when the ship was laid up.
  3. Clerk of the Cheque: mustered the workmen, looked after expenses and kept accounts of earnings
  4. Clerk of the Survey: checked the details of all stores received, and issued and surveyed materials.
  5. Clerk of the Ropeyard (at Woolwich, Chatham, Portsmouth and Plymouth): mustered the men, and received and issued stores.

The next tier of officers under the principal officers included those in charge of particular areas of activity were:

  1. Master-Boatbuilder
  2. Master-Caulker
  3. Master-Ropeworker
  4. Master-Boatbuilder
  5. Master-Mastmaker
  6. Muster Master

In 1822 a number of posts were abolished, including Clerks of the Survey and Ropeyard. In 1832 the Navy Board was abolished and the yards came under the Principal Officers of the Navy at the Admiralty. The Resident commissioners were replaced in favour of a Captain or Admiral-Superintendent.

Overseas dockyards and outports in England were similarly organised. They received stores, usually from Deptford, but had fewer facilities and personnel.

Office Holders

Included:[1]

  1. (1572-1613), Matthew Baker
  2. (1605-1629), Phineus Pett
  3. (1613-1626), Edward Stevens
  4. (1626-1629), Henry Goddard
  5. (1629-1638), Edward Boate
  6. (1647-1716), John Bright
  7. (1651-1660), John Taylor
  8. (1681-1698), Robert Lee
  9. (1698/), J Batt
  10. (1698-1699), Daniel Furzer
  11. (1699-1705), Robert Shortis
  12. (1705-1727), Benjamin Rosewell
  13. (1727-1732), Benjamin Rosewell
  14. (1732-1752), John Ward
  15. (1752-1753), Thomas Slade
  16. (1753-1755), Adam Hayes
  17. (1755-1762), John Lock
  18. (1762-1767), Edward Allin
  19. (1767-1773), Joseph Harris
  20. (1773-1775), William Gray
  21. (1775-1779), Israel Pownoll
  22. (1779-1790), Nicholas Phillips
  23. (1790-1793), John Nelson
  24. (1793-1795), Thomas Pollard
  25. (1804-1813), Robert Seppings
  26. (1813), George Parkin

Footnotes

  1. Harrison, Simon. "Master Shipwright at Chatham Dockyard". threedecks.org. S. Harrison. Retrieved 13 June 2019.

Bibliography

  1. Harrison, Simon. "Master Shipwright at Deptford Dockyard". threedecks.org. S. Harrison, 2010-2018.