Marine Pay Office

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Marine Pay Office
Pay Office overview
Formed1702
Dissolved1754
JurisdictionUnited Kingdom United Kingdom
HeadquartersLondon
Pay Office executive
  • Paymaster of the Marines (1702–1753)
Parent departmentOffice of the Paymaster-General of Forces

The Marine Pay Office was established in 1702 to manage the accounts and financial payments to the Royal Marines, the office was superintended by the Paymaster of the Marines, it was a subsidiary of the Office of the Paymaster-General of Forces. In 1755 full operational and administrative control of the Royal Marines passed to the Department of Admiralty when this office was replaced by a new Marine Pay Department.

History

On 28 October 1664 a regiment of 1,200 land soldiers, known as the Admiral's Regiment, was raised 'to be distributed into His Majesty's Fleets prepared for Sea Service'. Thereafter other regiments were drawn off for sea service from time to time, but it was not until 1694, when two Marine regiments were formed, that soldiers were recruited exclusively for sea service. The regiments from the period 1664 to 1755 were under the control of the War Office who had operational control of both the army and the marines. Financial management of the army and thus marines was part of the Office of the Paymaster-General of Forces this office consisted of clerical staff of the paymaster general.

In order to process the wages of these marine regiments separate Marine Pay Office was established on 16 May 1702 administered by the first Paymaster of the Marines Walter Whitfield,[1] he in turn superintended individual paymasters of the marines at the three principal ports they were located, Chatham Dockyard, Plymouth Dockyard and Portsmouth Dockyard. In 1755 full operational control of the marines passed from the Secretary at War to the Department of Admiralty who in turn established a Marine Department for the civil administration of the new marine divisions, whilst a new Marine Pay Department replaced this office.

Paymaster of the Marines

  • 1702–1711, Walter Whitfield.[2]
  • 1711-1714, Sir Roger Mostyn.[3]
  • 1739-1745, Charles Williams Hanbury.[4]

Footnotes

  1. Zerbe, Britt (2013). The Birth of the Royal Marines, 1664-1802. Woodbridge, United Kingdom: Boydell Press. p. 24. ISBN 9781843838371.
  2. "WHITFIELD, Walter (?1635-1712), of Queen Street, St. Margaret's, Westminster, Mdx. History of Parliament Online". www.historyofparliamentonline.org. The History of Parliament Trust. 1964–2019. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  3. "MOSTYN, Sir Roger, 3rd Bt. (1673-1739), of Mostyn, Flints. History of Parliament Online". www.historyofparliamentonline.org. The History of Parliament Trust. 1964–2019. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  4. "HANBURY WILLIAMS, Charles (1708-59), of Coldbrook, Mon. History of Parliament Online". www.historyofparliamentonline.org. The History of Parliament Trust. 1964–2019. Retrieved 8 July 2019.

Bibliography

  1. "WHITFIELD, Walter (?1635-1712), of Queen Street, St. Margaret's, Westminster, Mdx. History of Parliament Online". www.historyofparliamentonline.org. The History of Parliament Trust. 1964–2019. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  2. Zerbe, Britt (2013). The Birth of the Royal Marines, 1664-1802. Woodbridge, United Kingdom: Boydell Press. ISBN 9781843838371.