Marine Pay Department

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Marine Pay Department
Flag of the Board of Admiralty 1690 to 19th century.gif
Accounting Department overview
Formed1755
Preceding Accounting Department
Dissolved1831
JurisdictionUnited Kingdom United Kingdom
HeadquartersNew Street, Spring Gardens, City of Westminster, London
Accounting Department executive
  • Paymaster of the Marines (1755-1803), Paymaster and Inspector General of Marines (1803-1831)
Parent departmentRoyal Marines Office

The Marine Pay Department was formed in 1755 it replaced the earlier Marine Pay Office that was established in 1702.[1] It was responsible for processing marines pay to the Royal Marine Divisions located at Chatham, Portsmouth Plymouth and Woolwich. The department was initially administered by the Paymaster of the Marines who's title later changed to the Paymaster and Inspector General of Marines. In 1809 it absorbed the secretariat duties of the Marine Department. The department existed until 1831 as part of the Royal Marines Office when it was abolished and its functions transferred to the Navy Pay Office who created a new pay office controlled by the Paymaster of the Marines to the Navy Board.[2]

History

The Marine Pay Department created in 1755 it succeeded the earlier Marine Pay Office that was established in 1702. The department was responsible processing marines pay to the Royal Marines Division's at Chatham, Portsmouth and Plymouth. The department was initially administered by the Paymaster of the Marines who's title later changed to the Paymaster and Inspector General of Marines. In 1809 it absorbed the secretariat duties of the Marine Department. The department existed as a separate organisation from the military command of the Royal Marine Forces that were under direct control of the Board of Admiralty until 1825 when a Deputy Adjutant General was appointed to administer the Royal Marines and his office became known Royal Marines Office.[3] This department existed until 1831 as department of the Royal Marines Office of the Department of Admiralty when it was abolished and its duties transferred to the Navy Pay Office of the Treasurer of the Navy.[2] Following the abolition of the Marine Pay Department, a second class clerk in this department William Robinson transferred to the Navy Board and was promoted to Paymaster of the Marines to the Navy Board..

Location

The department was based at:

Based at Date/s Ref
Upper Grosvenor Street, Mayfair, London 1797 to 1805 [4]
Buckingham Street, Strand, London 1820 to 1827 [5]
New Street, Spring Gardens, London 1827 to 1831 [6]

Head of department

Paymaster of the Marines

Paymaster and Inspector General of Marines

Structure of the Marine Pay Department

Following the creation of the pay department the Paymaster of Marines was supported by a clerical staff consisting of the First Clerk Marine Pay Department later Chief Clerk of the Marine Pay Department who in turn was assisted by a Second Class Clerk who in turn was assisted by a Third Class Clerk. To this structure was added additional extra clerical staff. There also existed a Messengers Office and also an Office Keeper or in modern terms an Office Manager. Another group within this organisation were the Agents of the Marine Office reporting to this department but these based at the various Royal Marine Divisions regional headquarters.[2]

First Class/Chief Clerks Office

Included:[2]

  1. 1755-1795, James Madden
  2. 1795-1797, Edmund Waters
  3. 1797-1807, Daniel C. Webb
  4. 1807-1808, Edmund Waters
  5. 1808-1831, Thomas Hind

Second Class Clerks Office

Included:[2]

  1. 1795-1797, Daniel C. Webb
  2. 1797-1807, Thomas Waller
  3. 1807-1819, G. Gardner
  4. 1819-1827, William Robinson (promoted to Paymaster of the Marines (Navy Board) in 1829.
  5. 1827-1831, J. Edwards
Third Class Clerks Office

This office usually consisted of three clerks holding the position at the same time and included:[2]

  1. 1819-1824, W. Brixey
  2. 1819-1824, J. Edwards
  3. 1819-1824, W. Gardner
  4. 1824-1827, C. Cooper
  5. 1827-1830, W. Bartmore
  6. 1827-1830, H. Cooper
  7. 1827-1830, R. Edwards
  8. 1830-1831, C. W. Hind

Extra Clerks Office

Included:[2]

  1. 1800-1801, W. Robinson
  2. 1801-1803, W. Brixey
  3. 1803-1807, J. Edwards
  4. 1807 -1819, W. Gardner

Messengers Office

Included:[2]

  1. 1800-1809, T. Hayward
  2. 1809-1813, R. Leader
  3. 1813-1826, R. Pitts
  4. 1826-1831, R. Elbourn

Office Keeper

Included:[2]

  1. 1824-1827, R. Glendenning
  2. 1827-1831, W. H. Weaver

Pay Agents of Marines at Marine Divisions

The Agent of Marines were officers of the Marine Pay Office established in 1756, one assigned to each of the three divisions and included:[2]

  1. 1756-1760, Maynard Guerin, (Plymouth)
  2. 1756-1760, J. Winter, (Portsmouth)
  3. 1756-1760, James Baird, (Chatham)
  4. 1760-1763, John Clevland, (Plymouth)
  5. 1763-1767, John Clevland, (Chatham, Plymouth and Portsmouth)
  6. 1767-1791, Griffith Williams, (Chatham, Plymouth and Portsmouth)
  7. 1791-1800, Charles Cox, (Chatham, Plymouth and Portsmouth)

Footnotes

  1. Archives, National (1688–1983). "Records of Royal Marines". nationalarchives.gov.uk. London, England: The National Archives. Retrieved 3 January 2019. Division within ADM
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 Sainty, J.C. (1975). Office-Holders in Modern Britain: Volume 4, Admiralty Officials 1660-1870. London: University of London. pp. 85–90.
  3. Archives, National (1688–1983). "Records of Royal Marines". nationalarchives.gov.uk. London, England: The National Archives. Retrieved 3 January 2019. Division within ADM
  4. The Royal Kalendar and Court and City Register for England, Scotland, Ireland and the Colonies. London, England: W. March. 1797. p. 131.
  5. Office, Admiralty (January 1820). The Navy List. London, England: John Murray. p. 34.
  6. Office, Admiralty (December 1827). The Navy List. London, England: John Murray. p. 124.

Bibliography

  1. Archives, National (1688–1983). "Records of Royal Marines". nationalarchives.gov.uk. London, England: The National Archives.
  2. 'Marine pay department', in Office-Holders in Modern Britain: Volume 4, Admiralty Officials 1660-1870, ed. J C Sainty (London, 1975), pp. 85-90. British History Online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/office-holders/vol4/pp85-90 [accessed 3 January 2019].
  3. Office, Admiralty (January 1820). The Navy List. London, England: John Murray.
  4. Office, Admiralty (December 1827). The Navy List. London, England: John Murray
  5. Parliament, Great Britain. (1797) The Royal Kalendar and Court and City Register for England, Scotland, Ireland and the Colonies. W. March. London. England.
  6. Parliament, Great Britain. (1805) The Royal Kalendar and Court and City Register for England, Scotland, Ireland and the Colonies. W. March. London. England.