Marine Department

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Marine Department
Flag of the Board of Admiralty 1690 to 19th century.gif
Board of Admiralty Flag 19th to early 20th Century
Secretariat overview
Formed1755
Preceding Secretariat
  • None
Dissolved1809
JurisdictionUnited Kingdom United Kingdom
Headquarters
Secretariat executives
  • First Secretary of the Marine
  • Second Secretary of the Marine
Parent departmentDepartment of Admiralty

The Marine Department was established in 1755 as a consequence of the creation of the Corps of the Royal Marines. under Admiralty control. In its original form it was purely a civilian secretariat, corresponding with the Royal Marine Divisions based at the major dockyards of Chatham, Plymouth, Portsmouth and Woolwich. It existed until 1809 when its functions were absorbed by the Marine Pay Department. The department was administered by the First Secretary to the Admiralty and his deputy was the Second Secretary to Admiralty.

History

The Marine Department originally called the Marine Office was established in 1755 as a consequence of the creation of the Corps of the Royal Marines. under Admiralty control. The department was a civilian secretariat, whose role was to correspond and coordinate the administrative and logistical concerns of the three Marine divisions that were located at Chatham, Plymouth, Portsmouth and Woolwich whose colonels were the most senior Marine officers. Subsequently, a Colonel-Commandant Corps of the Royal Marines at Marine Headquarters in London was established as the senior officer of the Corps, the forerunner of the modern Adjutant-General of the Royal Marines. The department existed until 1809 when its functions were assumed by the Marine Pay Department. The department was managed by the Secretary to the Admiralty then later First Secretary to the Admiralty who was supported by the Second Secretary to the Admiralty who were both given the additional titles of Secretary then later First Secretary of the Marine; and Deputy Secretary later Second Secretary of the Marine..[1]

Head of Department

Secretary of the Marine

First Secretary of the Marine

Deputy Head of Department

Deputy Secretary of the Marine

Second Secretary of the Marine

Staff of the Marine Department

On the formation of the Marine Department in 1755 provision was made for the appointments clerical staff with salaries payable by the Paymaster of Marines.

First Clerk in the Marine Department

Included:[2]

  1. 1755-1766, Charles Fearne.
  2. 1766-1782, George Jackson
  3. 1782-1789, James Madden
  4. 1789-1809, George Coombe
Second Clerk in the Marine Department

Included:[3]

  1. 1755-1760, John Cleveland
  2. 1760-1782, James Madden
  3. 1782-1784, John Bindley
  4. 1784-1789, George Coombe
  5. 1789-1796, Basil Maxwell
  6. 1796-1809, Samuel Moss
Third Clerk in the Marine Department

Included:[4]

  1. 1778-1782, John Bindley
  2. 1782-1809, George Coombe
Extra Clerks in the Marine Department
  1. 1755-1760, Burchett Rogers
  2. 1755-1760, John Madden
  3. 1760-1770, Harry Parker
  4. 1770-1778, David Forbes
  5. 1778-1809, George Coombe

Footnotes

  1. Archives, National (1688–1983). "Records of Royal Marines". nationalarchives.gov.uk. London, England: The National Archives. Retrieved 3 January 2019.
  2. Sainty, J.C. (1975). "Marine department British History Online". www.british-history.ac.uk. London: University of London. pp. 82–84. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  3. Sainty.
  4. Sainty.

Bibliography

  1. Archives, National (1688–1983). "Records of Royal Marines". nationalarchives.gov.uk. London, England: The National Archives.
  2. 'Marine department', in Office-Holders in Modern Britain: Volume 4, Admiralty Officials 1660-1870, ed. J C Sainty (London, 1975), pp. 82-84. British History Online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/office-holders/vol4/pp82-84 [accessed 16 June 2019].