Macedonian Navy

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Macedonian Navy
Macedonian Navy.jpg
Active808-148 BC
AllegianceKingdom of Macedon
Macedonian Empire
Engagements(see table below)

The Macedonian Navy had existed at least since the formation of the Kingdom of Macedon although it was an extremely small naval force. It started to expand during the reign of Phillip II of Macedon who reigned from 359–336 BC and which it continued to expand under the Antigonid dynasty.

Overview

The Macedonian Navy had existed at least since the formation of the Kingdom of Macedon although it was an extremely small naval force. It started to expand during the reign of Phillip II of Macedon. Under the Antigonid Macedonian Dynasty the navy grew further during the reign of Antigonas Gonatas Macedon when it brief but importantnaval power. Antigonas gathered or built a fleet of warships to challenge Ptolemaic supremacy at sea and dominance of the Aegean. Little is known about either the size of this fleet or the types of warships which composed it. W. W. Tarn has suggested they were the larger quadremes and penteres/quinqueremes, and that this fleet numbered roughly 150 ships. The flagship, whose original name is unknown, but which was later renamed the Isthmia (it was perhaps built at Corinth) was a wonder of its age; having supposedly 3 decks, two banks of oars with 9 rowers manning each sweep, and was thus called an “18er”.

The Antigonid Macedonian kings continued to expand and equip the navy. Cassander maintained a small fleet at Pydna, Demetrius I of Macedon had one at Pella, and Antigonus II Gonatas, while serving as a general for Demetrius in Greece, used the navy to secure the Macedonian holdings in Demetrias, Chalkis, Piraeus, and Corinth. The navy was considerably expanded during the Chremonidean War (267–261 BC), allowing the Macedonian navy to defeat the Ptolemaic Egyptian navy at the 255 BC Battle of Cos and 245 BC Battle of Andros, and enabling Macedonian influence to spread over the Cyclades. Antigonus III Doson used the Macedonian navy to invade Caria, while Philip V sent 200 ships to fight in the Battle of Chios in 201 BC. The Macedonian navy was reduced to a mere six vessels as agreed in the 197 BC peace treaty that concluded the Second Macedonian War with the Roman Republic, although Perseus of Macedon quickly assembled some lemboi at the outbreak of the Third Macedonian War in 171 BC.

The navy was successful in naval engagements against other fleets losing only one engagement out of seven it took part in.

Naval Engagements

# name against date/s part of result
1. Battle of Amorgos Athenian Navy 322 BC Lamian War Won
2. Battle of Echinades Athenean Navy 322 BC Lamian War Won
3. Battle of Salamis Ptolemaic Navy 306 BC Wars of the Diadochi Won
4. Battle of Cos Ptolemaic Navy 261 BC Second Syrian War Won
5. Battle of Andros Ptolemaic Navy 246 BC Third Syrian War Won
6. Battle of Chios Rhodian Alliance Navy 201 BC Cretan War Loss
7. Battle of Lade Rhodian Navy 201 BC Cretan War Won