|Part of||Royal Navy|
Kingdom of Portugal
|Battle honours||Battle of Porto Praya (1781)|
Battle of Saldanha Bay (1781)
Battle of Corunna (1809)
|First||Vice-Admiral of the Blue: Sir George Byng|
|Last||Vice-Admiral of the White: Sir William Hall Gage|
The Lisbon Station  also known as Lisbon Station and Coast of Spain  was a naval station of the British Royal Navy operating of the coast of Portugal from 1704-1809 when it was replaced by the Portugal Station, when that command was abolished in 1815 this station was reformed and remained active until 1841.
Initially established as a mobile squadron of the Royal Navy operating mainly off the coast of Portugal but also Spain during the as early as the mid 17th century. Following an English victory off Vigo in 1702 Portugal abandoned its alliance with France and entered into the Methuen Treaty with England in 1703. Subsequently Lisbon was used as a base by Queen Anne’s navy and served as a refitting base for the British navy many times in the next one hundred. and fifty years.
The station was involved in a number of engagements during the Anglo-Spanish War including the Action of 11 November 1779. It was particularity known for its involvement in Battle of Porto Praya, in April 1781  as part of the Anglo-French Wars (1778–1783).
Later that same year, the squadron was ordered to capture the Dutch Colony of the Cape of Good Hope, eventually known as the Battle of Saldanha Bay, however, it failed to re-take the cape. Because of this, the squadron was disbanded in 1782 when Commodore Johnstone sought election as an MP. The Station was re-established in 1795 under the command of Vice-Admiral Sir George Vandeput to undertake convoy duties between England the Mediterranean and Lisbon.
In 1808, Admiral Vandeput was succeeded by Vice-Admiral Sir Charles Cotton who was charged with preparation of Lisbon harbor for the planned invasion the Iberian Peninsula later in the year. The Lisbon Squadron was also involved with the evacuation of Sir John Moore's army stuck in Galacia  following the Battle of Corunna.
In 1810, The Lisbon Station and its commander Admiral Cotton was relieved of command by Admiral Sir George Cranfield Berkeley in command of the new Portugal Station. In 1815 this station was reactivated under the command of Rear-Admiral Sir George H. Parker from 1815 until 1834. In early 1837, the station was under the temporary command of Rear-Admiral John Ommanney, until he was relieved as commander in chief by Vice-Admiral Sir William Hall Gage.
Gage was ordered, by the Admiralty, to undertake protection duties of Queen Maria II during the period known as the Liberal Wars, fought between progressive constitutionalists and authoritarian absolutists in Portugal over royal succession. The station ceased to be a command in 1841.
Commander-in-Chief on the Lisbon Station
Second-in-Command, Lisbon Station
Components in this command
|Date||Ships of the Line||Frigates||Sloops||Brigs||Other Ships||Total|
|June 1808 |
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