Lieutenant of the Admiralty

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Office of the Lieutenant of the Admiralty
Ensign of the Royal Navy animated.gif
Ensign of the Royal Navy
Member ofCouncil of the Marine (1546–1564)
NominatorFirst Sea Lord and Chief of Naval Staff
AppointerHM Queen
Subject to formal approval by the Queen-in-Council
Term lengthNot fixed (usually for life)
Formation1397–current

The Lieutenant of the Admiralty is a now honorary office generally held by a senior retired Royal Navy Admiral. He is the official deputy to the Lord High Admiral, an office vested in Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh since 2011. He is appointed by the Sovereign on the nomination of the First Sea Lord.

History

The Lieutenant of the Admiralty (or Lieutenant-Admiral) is first found at the end of the 14th century, as the Deputy or Assistant to the High Admiral of England responsible for administration and legal affairs but the office fell in and out of abeyance. In 1545 the office was revived by King Henry VIII on a more permanent basis. The Lieutenant of the Admiralty initially presided over the Council of the Marine as its head and one of the Chief Officers of the Admiralty but this ceased in 1564 when the Treasurer of Marine Causes assumed the duties of the Head of the Council. [1] In 1578 the Council of the Marine was abolished and replaced by the Navy Board and the office became vacant once more.[2]

The post was revived in 1604 when it appears to have been given as a mark of honourable distinction - with a salary of -£100p.a., including two clerks and certain travelling expenses. In 1672 the duties of the Lieutenant of the Admiralty was merged into that of Vice-Admiral of England until 1707. The title became part of the office of the Vice-Admiral of Great Britain until 1800. From 1801 the office was joined with that of Vice-Admiral of the United Kingdom and Ireland, and was the second most powerful position in the Royal Navy.[3]

Office Holders

First Creation

  • William Bentley, 1397–1398.[4]
  • John Hawley, December 1399–1401.[5]
  • Edmund Arnold, January 1410.[6]
  • John Urban, July 1415.[7]
  • John Parker, 19 February, 1422.[8]
  • John Tilney, 1422–1440.[9]

Second Creation

Third Creation

Fourth Creation

Office is merged with Vice Admiral of England in 1672.

References

  1. Rodger, N.A.M. (1979). The Admiralty. Lavenham: Terence Dalton Ltd. p. 5. ISBN 0900963948.
  2. Ehrman, John (2012). "The Lord Admirals Department at the end of 1688". The Navy in the War of William III 1689-1697: Its State and Direction. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press. p. 179. ISBN 9781107645110.
  3. Rodger, N.A.M. (1979). The Admiralty. Lavenham: Terence Dalton Ltd. p. 5. ISBN 0900963948.
  4. "BENTLEY, William, of Plymouth, Devon. History of Parliament Online". www.historyofparliamentonline.org. The History of Parliament Trust. 1964–2019. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  5. "HAWLEY, John I (d.1408), of Dartmouth, Devon. History of Parliament Online". www.historyofparliamentonline.org. The History of Parliament Trust. 1964–2019. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  6. "ARNOLD (ARNAUD), Edmund (d.1419), of Dartmouth, Devon and Gascony. History of Parliament Online". www.historyofparliamentonline.org. The History of Parliament Trust. 1964–2019. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  7. "URBAN (HURBAN), John (d.1420), of Helston, Cornw. and Southfleet, Kent. History of Parliament Online". www.historyofparliamentonline.org. The History of Parliament Trust. 1964–2019. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  8. "PARKER, John IV, of Chartley and Hopton, Staffs. | History of Parliament Online". www.historyofparliamentonline.org. The History of Parliament Trust. 1964–2019. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  9. "TILNEY, John, BLC, of Bishop's Lynn, Norf. History of Parliament Online". www.historyofparliamentonline.org. The History of Parliament Trust. 1964–2019. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
  10. Brewer, John Sherren; Brodie, Robert Henry (1929). Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, of the Reign of Henry VIII. Рипол Классик. p. 358. ISBN 9785875053849.
  11. "WOODHOUSE, Sir William (by 1517-64), of Hickling, Norf. | History of Parliament Online". historyofparliamentonline.org. The History of Parliament Trust 1964–2017. Retrieved 4 June 2017.
  12. "LEVESON, Sir Richard (1570-1605), of Lilleshall Lodge, Salop; Trentham and Parton, Staffs. and Bethnal Green, Mdx. | History of Parliament Online". historyofparliamentonline.org. The History of Parliament Trust 1964–2017. Retrieved 4 June 2017.
  13. Perrin, W. G. (January 1928). "The VICE-ADMIRAL and REAR-ADMIRAL of the UNITED KINGDOM". The Mariner's Mirror. 14 (1): 26–31. doi:10.1080/00253359.1928.10655449.
  14. Perrin, W. G. (January 1928). "The VICE-ADMIRAL and REAR-ADMIRAL of the UNITED KINGDOM". The Mariner's Mirror. 14 (1): 26–31. doi:10.1080/00253359.1928.10655449.
  15. Roy, Almeric William Fitz (2010). Henry, duke of Grafton, 1663–1690, vice-admiral of England and lieutenant of the admiralty, navies and seas of England, master of the Trinity house, colonel of the 1st regiment of footguards. Nabu Press. p. 2. ISBN 9781176659858.

Bibliography

  • Brewer, John Sherren; Brodie, Robert Henry (1929). Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, of the Reign of Henry VIII. Рипол Классик. ISBN 9785875053849.
  • Ehrman, John (2012). "The Lord Admirals Department at the end of 1688". The Navy in the War of William III 1689-1697: Its State and Direction. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9781107645110.
  • Perrin, W. G. (January 1928). "The VICE-ADMIRAL and REAR-ADMIRAL of the UNITED KINGDOM". The Mariner's Mirror. 14 (1): 26–31. doi:10.1080/00253359.1928.10655449.
  • Rodger, N.A.M. (1979). The Admiralty. Offices of State. Terence Dalton Ltd, Lavenham. Suffolk. England.
  • Roy, Almeric William Fitz (2010). Henry, duke of Grafton, 1663–1690, vice-admiral of England and lieutenant of the admiralty, navies and seas of England, master of the Trinity house, colonel of the 1st regiment of footguards. Nabu Press. ISBN 9781176659858.

External links