Levant and Eastern Mediterranean
|Levant and Eastern Mediterranean Command|
|HMS Nile (1943-1944)|
|Country||Kingdom of Egypt|
|Part of||Mediterranean Station|
|Garrison/HQ||RN Base, Alexandria, Egypt]]|
|In Command||Flag Officer, Levant and Eastern Mediterranean|
|First||Vice-Admiral Sir William George Tennant|
|Last||Vice-Admiral Sir William George Tennant|
The Eastern Mediterranean Command was a major area command of the British Royal Navy from October 1944 until August 1946. Headquartered at Alexandria, Egypt the command was under the jurisdiction of the Flag Officer, Eastern Mediterranean.
In 1940, responsibility for the Red Seas area of operations was to be transferred from the Commander-in-Chief, East Indies to the Mediterranean Fleet and did not revert until 1942. Previously responsibility for shore-based area commands in the Mediterranean and Middle East theatre lay with the Commander-in-Chief Mediterranean Fleet. Following a meeting in London, the Chiefs of Staff Committee signaled on 2 February 1943 to Admiral Sir Andrew Cunningham Naval Command, in the Mediterranean.
1). The Mediterranean will be divided into two commands:(a) the area to the west line A to B to be the Mediterranean Command. (b) the area to the East of the above line to be the Levant Command which will include the Red Sea. 2). For the present the line A to B will be the line running from the Tunisian/Tripolitanian border to a position in Latitude 35 degrees North, Longitude 60 degrees East, thence to Cape Spartivento (Italy).
On 28 December 1943 Levant Command was renamed Eastern Mediterranean Command. In October 1944 the command was renamed Levant and Eastern Mediterranean. In August 1946 the naval command was unified into a tri-service British Middle East Command where the former Flag Officer, Levant and Eastern Mediterranean became the Flag Officer, Liaison Middle East.
Flag Officer, Levant and Eastern Mediterranean
- (Viscount), Andrew Browne Cunningham Cunningham of Hyndhope (2006). The Cunningham Papers: Selections from the Private and Official Correspondence of Admiral of the Fleet Viscount Cunningham of Hyndhope. Farnham, England: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. pp. 68–69. ISBN 9780754655985.