Leith

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Leith
HMS Claverhouse (1939-45)
Ensign of the Royal Navy animated.gif
AllegianceFlag United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.gif United Kingdom
BranchNaval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Royal Navy
TypeNaval Base
Part ofRosyth Command (1916-20)
Garrison/HQLeith, Scotland.

Leith was a naval base and area command of the Royal Navy as one of the geographical divisions into which the Royal Navy divided its worldwide responsibilities.

History

Royal Navy forces first began operating from Leith between 1709 and 1713 during the War of the Spanish Succession when the then Lord High Admiral Thomas Herbert, 8th Earl of Pembroke ordered a new naval squadron to Leith Roads naval anchorage which was then placed under the command of the Provost of Edinburgh Sir Patrick Johnston.[1] Leith was initially used as an important port to protect convoys operating between the Orkney islands and Newcastle upon Tyne and to ports on the other side of the North Sea. [2]. In 1745 a major naval command was established known as the Leith Station during the time of the French Revolutionary Wars and existed until 1825. The station throughout its existence was under the coontrol and direction of the Commander-in-Chief, Leith who also duel-hatted in the role as Port Admiral, Leith.

In the 20th century Leith, which is situated north of Edinburgh and close to Rosyth, was a established as Royal Navy base during World War One in June, 1916 and remained operational until 25 May, 1920. On 28 September, 1938 the naval base was reactivated and continued in use during World War Two. On 21 November, 1939 this commands area of responsibility was widened to include Granton when it was renamed Leith and Granton until December, 1943 when it reverted back to its original name. On 15 August 1945 the naval base was was HMS Claverhouse was decommissioned.

In Command

Commander-in-Charge, Leith (1916-18)

  1. Commander William Armitage Cooke-Hurle, (retd), June, 1916 – 15 June, 1918.

Senior Naval Officer, Leith (1918-20)

  1. Captain Alfred Charles Sykes, 15 June, 1918 – 25 May, 1920.

Naval Officer-in-Charge, Leith (1938-42, 1943-45)

  1. Captain Anthony Bevis Lockhart, 28 September, 1938 – 21 November, 1939.
  2. Rear-Admiral Colin Alfred Molyneux Sarel, O.B.E., (retd), December, 1943. – 10 January 1944.[3][4]
  3. Vice-Admiral Sir George Thomas Carlisle Parker Swabey, (retd), 10 January 1944 – 15 August, 1945.[5][6]

References

  1. Murdoch, Steve (2010). The Terror of the Seas?: Scottish Maritime Warfare 1513-1713. Leiden, Netherlands: BRILL. p. 306. ISBN 9004185682.
  2. Murdoch, Steve (2010). The Terror of the Seas?: Scottish Maritime Warfare 1513-1713. Leiden, Netherlands: BRILL. p. 306. ISBN 9004185682.
  3. Admiralty, British, (Feb 1943) The Navy List. Flag Officers in Commission. H.M.S.O. London. England. p.1419.
  4. Admiralty, British, (Jan 1945) The Navy List. Flag Officers in Commission. H.M.S.O. London. England. p.2338.
  5. Admiralty, British, (Jul 1945) The Navy List. Flag Officers in Commission. H.M.S.O. London. England. p.2347.
  6. Houterman, Hans; Koppes, Jeroen. "World War II unit histories & officers". www.unithistories.com. Netherlands: Houterman and Koppes. Retrieved 10 June 2021.