Leeward Islands Station

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Leeward Islands Station
Ensign of the Royal Navy animated.gif
White Ensign of the last Commander-in-Chief.
Active1772–1821
CountryUnited Kingdom
BranchNaval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Royal Navy
TypeNaval Station
Part ofRoyal Navy
Garrison/HQAntigua Dockyard

The Leeward Islands Station [1] was first established in 1772 when it replaced the Barbadoes and Leeward Islands Station [2][3] it was a major Naval Station of the British Royal Navy stationed at English Harbour,[4] Antigua, Leeward Islands from 1772 [5] to 1821.

The station was commanded by the Commander-in-Chief, Leeward Islands.

History

During the 18th and 19th centuries Antigua served as the headquarters of first the Commander in Chief Barbadoes and Leeward Islands Station which was the British navy's important base in the Eastern Caribbean area during the Napoleonic Wars The three most strategically important islands the British utilized on the Leeward Islands Station were Antigua, Barbados and St. Lucia and these were the islands they used as naval bases.[6] The Station, was formed in October 1743 [7] as a separate command to the older Jamaica Station[5] to contribute to a permanent British naval presence in the area to protect Britain's sugar producing islands and its convoys. During the Seven Years' War a number of large scale naval actions were conducted by the Royal Navy from this Caribbean base, one of its major engagements was the Battle of the Saintes.

In Command

Components

Naval Formations

Unit From To Ref
Leeward Islands Squadron 1655 1823 [8]

Naval Facilities

Unit From To Ref
Antigua Dockyard 1725 1882
Barbados Dockyard 1725 1882
Royal Naval Sick and Hurt Quarters Barbados 1740 1815 [9]
Royal Naval Hospital, Barbados 1815 1882
Royal Naval Hospital, Antigua 1763 1825

Footnotes

  1. Ward, Geoff. "A Shift in Focus: The Shift in Naval Warfare in the Caribbean during the Eighteenth Century" (PDF). University of the West Indies, pp.1, 2 September 2011. Retrieved 17 November 2016.
  2. Harrison, Simon. "Commander-in-Chief at Barbados & the Leeward Islands". threedecks.org. S. Harrison. Retrieved 1 October 2018. Commission and Warrant Books, 1744 to 1773, ADM 6/17-20, National Archives UK
  3. Richmond, Herbert W. (Herbert William) (1920). "Squadrons in the Plantations:B. Barbados and Leewards Islands Stationed Ships". The Navy in the war of 1739-48. Cambridge, England: Cambridge : The University Press. p. 243.
  4. Ward, Geoff. "Nowhere is Perfect: British Naval Centres on the Leeward Islands Station during the Eighteenth Century" (PDF). fieldresearchcentre.weebly.com. University of the West Indies, pp.1, 2011. Retrieved 17 November 2016.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Sanderson, Michael. "English naval strategy and maritime trade in the Caribbean, 1793 to 1802 Original November 1968" (PDF). kcl.ac.uk. Kings College London, University of London, pp. 5, 18 November 2016. Retrieved 18 November 2016.
  6. Ward p.1
  7. Brietowe Sanderson., Michael W. (November 1968). "Thesis: English naval strategy and maritime trade in the Caribbrean, 1793 - 1802" (PDF). core.ac.uk. Kings College London. p. 5. Retrieved 1 October 2018.
  8. Bradley, Peter T. (1999). "8:The Royal Navy in the Caribbean 1655 to 1762". British Maritime Enterprise in the New World: From the Late Fifteenth to the Mid-eighteenth Century. Peter Bradley. ISBN 9780773478664.
  9. Convertito, Coriann. "The Health of British Seamen in the West Indies, 1770 - 1806: Thesis submitted for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Maritime History" (PDF). semanticscholar.org. University of Exeter. p. 223. Retrieved 6 August 2019.

Bibliography

  1. Brietowe Sanderson., Michael W. (November 1968). "Thesis: English naval strategy and maritime trade in the Caribbrean, 1793 - 1802" (PDF). core.ac.uk. Kings College London. Retrieved 1 October 2018.
  2. Convertito Coriann. (August 2011). "The Health of British Seamen in the West Indies, 1770 - 1806". Thesis for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Maritime History. University of Exeter.
  3. Harrison, Simon. "Commander-in-Chief at Barbados & the Leeward Islands". threedecks.org. S. Harrison. Retrieved 1 October 2018. Commission and Warrant Books, 1744 to 1773, ADM 6/17-20, National Archives UK
  4. Richmond, Herbert W. (Herbert William) (1920). "Squadrons in the Plantations:B. Barbados and Leewards Islands Stationed Ships". The Navy in the war of 1739-48. Cambridge, England: Cambridge : The University Press.
  5. Sanderson, Michael. (2016). "English naval strategy and maritime trade in the Caribbean, 1793 to 1802 Original November 1968" (PDF). kcl.ac.uk. Kings College London, University of London, Retrieved 18 November 2016.
  6. Ward, Geoff. (2011). "Nowhere is Perfect: British Naval Centres on the Leeward Islands Station during the Eighteenth Century" (PDF). fieldresearchcentre.weebly.com. University of the West Indies, Retrieved 17 November 2016.