Kidderpore Dockyard

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HMI Naval Dockyard, Kidderpore
Ensign of the Royal Navy animated.gif
Part of East Indies Station
Calcutta in India
TypeNaval Base and Naval Dockyard
Site information
OperatorRoyal Indian Navy
Royal Navy
Controlled byBoard of Admiralty
Site history
In use1780-1949
Installation information
OccupantsEast Indies Squadron
Royal Indian Navy

Kidderpore Dockyard [1] or formally His Majesty's Indian Dockyard, Kiddepore also known as Calcutta Dockyard was originally a naval dockyard developed by the East India Company from 1780. It was formally established as a Royal Naval Dockyard overseas in 1870 and a base of the East Indies Station when the Department of Admiralty in London took over it. The yard was managed by the Board of Admiralty, it was closed in 1949.

The yard was used by both the Royal Indian Navy and Royal Navy.

History

From the middle of the 18th Century, the East India Company became concerned with lack of docks in Calcutta as ships had to be taken over 2,000 miles to Bombay for repair. The Port of Calcutta was established by the British East India Company in 1780 after the company received trading rights from the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb.

The dockyard was designed by Colonel Henry Watson, chief engineer under Warren Hasting’s the then Governor-General of India (1774-1785).[2] Following the shift of power from the company to the British crown, a port commission was set up in 1870. Though the port was conceived to be a commercial port and gateway of eastern India, the port played a very important role for the Royal Navy and Royal Indian Navy during the Second World War. It was bombed twice by the Japanese forces. After independence in 1947 the Commissioners for the Port of Kolkata were responsible for the port till January 1975.

In Command

Captain-Superintendent, Kidderpore

  1. Captain Duncan Frederick Vines, 15 June, 1919 - January, 1921.[3][4]

References

  1. Skempton, A. W. (2002). A Biographical Dictionary of Civil Engineers in Great Britain and Ireland. London, England: Thomas Telford Ltd. p. 389. ISBN 978-0-7277-2939-2.
  2. Tweedie, Andrew (19 April 2019). "Kidderpore Docks". www.gracesguide.co.uk. Graces Guide. Retrieved 16 January 2020.
  3. Admiralty, British. (December 1920). The Navy List. Naval Establishments of Government of India. Royal Indian Marine. H.M.S.O. London. p.1908.
  4. Admiralty, British. (January 1921). The Navy List. Naval Establishments of Government of India. Royal Indian Marine. H.M.S.O. London. p.1908.

Bibliography

  1. Skempton, A. W. (2002). A Biographical Dictionary of Civil Engineers in Great Britain and Ireland. London, England: Thomas Telford Ltd. ISBN 978-0-7277-2939-2.
  2. Tweedie, Andrew (19 April 2019). "Kidderpore Docks". www.gracesguide.co.uk. Graces Guide. Retrieved 16 January 2020.